Effect of feeding minerals supplementation on growth

Effect of feeding minerals supplementation on growth performance and nutrient utilization in Gir calves: A comparative research study

Title: Effect of feeding minerals supplementation on growth performance and nutrient utilization in Gir calves: A comparative research study

Authors: P Yadav, Sheela Choudhary, Neetu Arora, MK Yadav, A Kumawat and SD Choudhary

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):341-344.

Cite this reference as: Yadav P, Choudhary Sheela, Arora Neetu, Yadav MK, Kumawat A and Choudhary SD (2017). Effect of feeding minerals supplementation on growth performance and nutrient utilization in Gir calves: A comparative research study. Ruminant Science 6(2):341-344.

Abstract

To analyze the effect of mineral supplementation on growth and nutrient utilization in Gir calves, twelve male Gir calves (10-16 months age; 111.20 kg average BW) were divided into two groups. Group-1 (G-I) was unsupplemented control, whereas group-2 (G-II) was supplemented with mineral mixture containing all important trace minerals, including Ca, P, Na, Cl, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Co, K and I for three months. Growth parameters were measured at fortnightly interval. Average daily body weight gain was highly significant in G-II (545.27g) than in G-I (345.53g). Body length gain remained unaffected, whereas the difference in the increase in heights (2.26±0.19″ in G-I, 4.50±0.40″ in G-II) and chest girth (4.73±0.40″ in G-I and 6.83±0.71 in G-II) was considerably higher. Digestibility of DM, OM, CP and CF was highly improved (P<0.01) and effect on digestibility of NDF was improved, but at a lesser level of significance (P<0.05) in supplemented group but there was no considerable difference in the digestibility of EE, NFE and ADF between two groups. Feed conversion efficiency was about 27% higher in G-II compared to GI. It is concluded that mineral supplementation is necessary for optimum growth and better feed utilization in Gir calves.

References

AOAC (2005). Official Methods of Analysis, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Arthington JD and Spears JW (2007). Effects of tribasic copper chloride versus copper sulphate provided in corn-and molasses-based supplements on forage intake and copper status of beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science 85:871-76.

Fiske CH and Subbarow Y (1925). The colorimetric determination of phosphorus. Journal of Biological Chemistry 66 (2):375-400.

Ghosal AK and Mathur GN (1988). Studies on trace element status of cattle and sheep in arid zone of Rajasthan. Technical Annual Report II submitted to ICAR by Department of Physiology and Biochemistry College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Bikaner.

Hamayun K, Zamin M, Rind R and Riaz M (2003). Use of Schaeffer’s formula for prediction of body weight of slaughtering cattle. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 2(3):176-178.

ICAR (2013). Indian Council of Agriculture Research, Nutrient Requirement of Animals- Cattle and Bufalo, ICAR-NIANP.

Lall D, Dahiya SS, Lailer PC, Chauhan TR, Punia BS (2002). Utilization of certain essential minerals in buffalo calves fed on farm ration Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 19(3):204-209.

Mahanta SK, Khan SA and Bedi SPS (2004). Effect of supplementation of phosphorus on nutrient utilization in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 21(3):164-68.

Millan Cortes H and Vignall IR (1990). Evaluation of two mineral supplementation for cattle on pasture in gacata, Technica Pecuatigen, Mexico 28(2):111-115.

Pal N, Haldar S and Ghosh TK (2004). Effects of supplemental trace elements on milk production and nutrient digestibility in lactating cows.  Indian Journal of Dairy Science 57:405-411.

Sawant DN, Todkar SR and Sawant PJ (2013). Effect of supplementation of minerals and vitamins on growth performance of indigenous heifers. Journal of Animal Nutrition 30(4):387-391.

Saxena PC, Tiwari DP, Kumar A and Mondal BC (2010). Effect of dietary supplementation of copper and phosphorus on nutrient utilizationand growth in crossbred heifers. Indian Journal of Animal Science 80(1):37-42.

Sharma J, Kumar A, Tiwari DP and Mondal BC (2011). Effect of dietary supplementation of calcium, copper amd manganese on nutrient utilisation, growth, blood-biochemical and mineral profile in crossbred heifers. Indian Journal of Animal Science 81(5):493-97.

Singh N, Rahal A and Mondal BC (2011). Effect of feeding different mineral mixtures on feed intake and nutrient utilization in local goats. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 28(2):153-156.

Singh T, Mehta MK, Jain A and Jain RK (2008). Effect of supplementation of deficient trace elements on nutrient utilization and growth in goats. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 25(3):215-218.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1994). Statistical Methods. 8th Edn, Oxford and IBH. New Delhi, pp 312-317.

Suttle NF (2010). Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 4th Edn, CAB  International.  Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8DE, UK. p 565.

Tiwari SP, Jain RK, Mishra UK, Mishra OP, Patel JR and Rajagopal S (2000). Effect of trace mineral (mineral capsule) supplementation on nutrient utilization and rumen fermentation pattern in Sahiwal cows (Bos indicus). Indian Journal of Dairy Science 70(5):504-507.

Tripathi D, Bhandari AR, Bhardwaj SK and Singh U (2003). Effect of long term application of rock phosphate and superphosphate on the availability of phosphorus and fruit yield of plum. Annals of Plant and Soil Research 5:20-23.

Tsyupko VV, Antipin SL and Bogdanova IN (1990). Effect of mineral supplementation of diets on digestibility of nutrients in the digestive tract of bull calves. Seiskokhozy at Stevennaya Biologiya 8:84-89.

Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB and Lewis BA (1991). Methods for dietary  fiber,  neutral  detergent  fiber  and  non-starch polysaccharides  in  relation  to  animal nutrition. Symposium: Carbohydrate methodology, metabolism and nutritional implications in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 74:3583-597.