Congenital laryngeal melanosis in a Jersey crossbred bull

Congenital laryngeal melanosis in a Jersey crossbred bull

Title: Congenital laryngeal melanosis in a Jersey crossbred bull

Authors: N Babu Prasath, J Selvaraj and M Sasikala

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):399-400.

Cite this reference as: Prasath NB, Selvaraj J and Sasikala M (2017). Congenital laryngeal melanosis in a Jersey crossbred bull. Ruminant Science 6(2):399-400. 

References

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Surgico-therapeutic management of rumen impaction in cattle

Surgico-therapeutic management of rumen impaction in cattle

Title: Surgico-therapeutic management of rumen impaction in cattle

Authors: Manoj Kumar, P Bishnoi, SK Jhirwal, Sakar Palecha, Satyaveer Singh and Mahendra Tanwar

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):397-398.

Cite this reference as: Kumar Manoj, Bishnoi P, Jhirwal SK, Palecha Sakar, Singh Satyaveer and Tanwar Mahendra (2017). Surgico-therapeutic management of rumen impaction in cattle. Ruminant Science 6(2):397-398.

References

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Boodur P, Shivaprakash BV, Kasaralikar VR and Dilipkumar D (2010). Rumen impaction in bovines with indigestible foreign bodies and its surgical and therapeutic management. Intas Polivet 11(2):184-188.

Dabas VS, Chaudhari CF and Chaudhari NF (2012). Metallic foreign bodies in the fore stomach of large ruminants and their significance. Ruminant Science 1(1):81-84.

Dodia VD, Kelawala NH, Suthar DN and Sutaria P (2014). Haematological and serum biochemical profile of cattle affected with plastic foreign bodies. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 4(8):569-573.

Purohit S (2010). Restoration of ruminal ecology and function after surgical manipulation-A surgeon’s view. Intas Polivet 11(2):127-131.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2015). Surgical management of various rumen affections in cattle and buffaloes. Ruminant Science 4(2):357-260.

Sutaria T, Chauhan PM, Sutaria P, Nakhashi HC and Suthar BN (2013). Diagnosis and retrieval of ruminal plastic foreign body in a Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 2(1):103-105.

Suthar DN, Mistry JN, Suthar BN, Patel PB and Patel KB (2012). Ferroscopy and blood trypsin inhibitor spot test for diagnosis of foreign body in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 1(1):85-87.

Tanwar M, Gahlot TK, Palecha S and Bishnoi P (2016). Diagnosis of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in bovines using computed radiography. Ruminant Science 5(2):301-305.

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Per-acute mortality syndrome with frothy bloat associated

Per-acute mortality syndrome with frothy bloat associated with serous fat atrophy in giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis): A case report

Title: Per-acute mortality syndrome with frothy bloat associated with serous fat atrophy in giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis): A case report

Authors: AM Kamel

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):393-396.

Cite this reference as: Kamel AM (2017). Per-acute mortality syndrome with frothy bloat associated with serous fat atrophy in giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis): A case report. Ruminant Science 6(2):393-396.

References

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Successful therapeutic management of congenital goitre in goat kids

Successful therapeutic management of congenital goitre in goat kids

Title: Successful therapeutic management of congenital goitre in goat kids

Authors: NA Tufani, H Athar, MB Gugjoo, RA Ahmad and MR Fazili

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):391-392.

Cite this reference as: Tufani NA, Athar H, Gugjoo MB, Ahmad RA and Fazili MR (2017). Successful therapeutic management of congenital goitre in goat kids. Ruminant Science 6(2):391-392.

References

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Chaudhary V and Bano S (2013). Thyroid ultrasound. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 17(2):219-227.

Constable PD, Hinchcliff KW, Done SH and Grünberg W (2017). Veterinary Medicine. 11th Edn, Elsevier Ltd, New York, USA.

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Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW and Constable PD (2007). Veterinary Medicine. 10th  Edn, Saunders-Elsevier, New York, USA.

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Therapeutic management of foot rot in caprines

Therapeutic management of foot rot in caprines

Title: Therapeutic management of foot rot in caprines

Authors: Sarita Devi, AP Padhiyar, Anshul Saxsena and KM Jadhav

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):389-390.

Cite this reference as: Devi Sarita, Padhiyar AP, Saxsena Anshul and Jadhav KM (2017). Therapeutic management of foot rot in caprines. Ruminant Science 6(2):389-390.

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Kumari K, Kinkar K and Pravin PK (2013). Clinical management of foot rot in bovines. Intas Polivet 14(I):78-79.

Nagaraja TG, Narayanan SK, Stewart GC and Chengappa MM (2005). Fusobacterium necrophorum infections in animals; pathogenesis and pathogenic mechanisms. Anaerobe 11:239-246

Smith BP (2002). Large Animal Internal Medicine. 3rd  Edn, Mosby, Missouri. pp 1127-1130.

Stewart DJ (1989). In: Footrot and Foot Abcess. CRC Press. p 167.

Tadich N and Hernandez M (2000). A survey on the foot lesions in sheep from 25 small holdings in the province of Valdivia, Chile. Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria 32:63-74.

Winter A (2004). Lameness in Sheep. The Crowood Press, Wiltshire. 1st Edn.

Evaluation of various therapeutic regimens for the treatment of calf diarrhoea

Evaluation of various therapeutic regimens for the treatment of calf diarrhoea

Title: Evaluation of various therapeutic regimens for the treatment of calf diarrhoea

Authors: SK Sharma, Monika Joshi and RK Tanwar

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):383-388.

Cite this reference as: Sharma SK, Joshi Monika and Tanwar RK (2017). Evaluation of various therapeutic regimens for the treatment of calf diarrhoea. Ruminant Science 6(2):383-388.

Abstract

Different therapeutic regimens were evaluated for treatment of calf diarrhoea. It was based on improvement in the clinical profile and haemato-biochemical parameters. Ofloxacin was effective as an antibiotic in treatment of bacterial calf diarrhoea. There was variation in different groups as far as faster recovery was concern. Best therapeutic response was evoked with the use of ofloxacin, parenteral fluid (Ringer’s lactate) with sodium carbonate and shisham leaves powder. Supportive therapy in the form of parenteral fluid (Ringer’s lactate) and shisham leaves powder was responsible for better therapeutic response than other groups.

References

Booth AJ and Naylor JM (1987). Correlation of metabolic acidosis in diarrhoeic calves by oral administration of electrolyte solutions with or without bicarbonates. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 191(1):62-68.

Brijesh S, Daswani PG, Tetali P, Antia NH and Birdi TJ (2006). Studies on Dalbergia sissoo (Roxb.) leaves: Possible mechanism(s) of action in infectious diarrhoea. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 38:120-124.  

Brooks HW, White DG, Wagstaff AJ and Michell AR (1997). Evaluation of a glutamine containing oral rehydration solution for the treatment of calf diarrhoea using an E. coli model. Veterinary Journal 153:163-170.

Constable PD (2004). Antimicrobial use in the treatment of calf diarrhoea. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 18:8-17.

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Dadawala AI, Chandel BS, Chauhan HC and Bhagat AG  (2013). Molecular detection of bovine rotavirus from north Gujarat, India. Ruminant Science 2(2):131-137.

El-Tahawy AS and Mostafa IA (2015). Prevalence, risk factors and cross sectional epidemiology for some selected diseases and syndromes affecting Rahmani sheep with particular spotlight on their economic consequences. Ruminant Science 4(2):159-165.

Geishauser T and Thunker B (1997). Metabolic acidosis in diarrhoeic neonatal calves-treatment using isosmolar sodium bicarbonate solution. Praktische Tierarzt 78(7):595-600. 

Hazare SW, Chandra S, Sharma J, Tandan SK, Lal J and Telang AG (2001). Anti-inflammatory activity of Delbergia sissoo leaves. Fitoterapia 72(2):131-139. 

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Kataria N and Kataria AK (2012). Evaluation of health status by serum metabolic profiling in Rathi cows with some disorders. Ruminant Science 1(2):131-135.

Kapadiya DK, Joshi DV, Shah NM and Panchasara HH (2012a). Serotyping and in vitro drug sensitivity of Escherichia Coli isolated from neonatal buffalo calves with diarrhoea. Ruminant Science 1(2):141-143.

Kapadiya DK, Joshi DV, Chaudhary SS, Shah NM, Panchasara HH and Patel BJ (2012b). Diagnosis of rotavirus infection in neonatal calves by ribose nucleic acid polyacrylamide electrophoresis (RNA-PAGE) and double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA). Ruminant Science 1(1):15-18.

Kaur K, Randhawa SS and Randhawa SS (2003). Blood gases and acid base alterations in colibacillotic dairy calves before and after treatment. Indian Journal of Animal Science 73(1):73-75.

Kumar BK, Shekher P and Kumar N (2010). A clinical study on neonatal calf diarrhoea. Intas Polivet 11(2):233-235.

Kumar D, Tripathi HC, Chandra OS, Tandan SK and Lal J (2000). Spasmolytic effect of alcoholic extract of Dalbergia sissoo leaves an antidiarrhoeal ethanoveterinary drug. Proceedings of an International Conference on Ethanoveterinary Medicine: Alternatives for livestock development. Vol. 2, Abstract 51.

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Mir N, Shukla PC, Baghel RPS, Dixit P and Saroori AR (2010). Efficacy of bael pulp in calf diarrhoea with rehydration therapy. Veterinary Practitioner 11(1):63-65.

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Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2003). Veterinary Medicine. 9th Edn, New York, WB Saunders Company Ltd,  pp 231-233.

Roy K and Fernandes CE (2007). Pathophysiological significance of variation in serum electrolyte concentration during clinical enterocolibacillosis and response to remedial therapy in bovine neonates. Intas Polivet 8(1):153-155.

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Ultrasonographic evaluation of teats in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

Ultrasonographic evaluation of teats in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

Title: Ultrasonographic evaluation of teats in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

Authors: Pramod Singh, S Purohit and RP Pandey

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):377-381.

Cite this reference as: Singh P, Purohit S and Pandey RP (2017). Ultrasonographic evaluation of teats in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 6(2):377-381.

Abstract

Ultrasonographic evaluations of teats were performed in 18 adult buffaloes. Animals were divided in three groups viz. dry, lactating and unhealthy group each contain six buffaloes. Teat length and diameter were measured by using scale and vernier calliper, respectively. Teats were dipped into a plastic glass filled with water at room temperature and probe was placed on the wall of the plastic glass using ultrasound gel for better ultrasonographic visualization. Teat canal length, teat end width, teat wall thickness and teat cistern width were measured sonographically in front and rear teats of dry, lactating and unhealthy buffaloes, respectively. Sonographic teat dimensions are established for future reference and clinical use.

References

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Ambord S and Bruckmaier RM (2010). Milk flow-dependent vacuum loss in high-line milking systems: Effects on milking characteristics and teat tissue condition. Journal of Dairy Science 93(8):3588-3594.

Amin NR, Patil DB, Kelawala DN, Parikh PV, Mer DR, Gameti KS and Gohil KM (2017). Ultrasonography of udder and teat in dairy animals. Ruminant Science 6(1):173-177.

Ayadi M, Caja G, Such X and Knight CH (2003). Use of ultrasonography to estimate cistern size and milk storage at different milking intervals in the udder of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Research 70:1-7.

Celik HA, Aydin I, Colak M, Sendag S and Dinc DA (2008). Ultrasonographic evaluation of age related influence on the teat canal and the effect of this influence on milk yield in Brown Swiss cows. Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy 52:245-249.

Chrystal MA, Seykora AJ, Hansen LB, Freeman AE, Kelley DH and Healey MH (2001). Heritability of teat-end shape and the relationship of teat-end shape with somatic cell score for an experimental herd of cows. Journal of Dairy Science 84:2549-2554.

Dhingra P, Pander BL, Dhaka SS, Sharma A and Magotra A (2016). Genotypic evaluation of somatic cell count in Hardhenu cattle (Bos taurus x Bos indicus). Ruminant Science 5(1):5-10.

Flock M, Klein D and Hofmann-Parisot M (2004). Ultrasonographic findings of pathological teat changes in cattle. Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift 91:184-195.

Franz S, Hofmann-Parisot M and Baumgartner W, Windischbauer G, Suchy A and Bauder B (2001). Ultrasonography of the teat canal in cows and sheep. Veterinary Record 149:109-112.

Gleeson DE, O’Callaghan EJ and Rath MV (2002). Effect of milking on bovine teat tissue as measured by ultrasonography. Irish Veterinary Journal 55:628-632.

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Neijenhuis F, Klungel GH and  Hogeveen H (2001). Recovery of cow teats after milking as determined by ultrasonographic scanning. Journal  of Dairy Science 84:2599-2606.

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Porcionato MADF, Soares WVB, Reis CBMD, Cortinhas CS, Mestieri L and Santos MVD (2010). Milk flow, teat morphology and subclinical mastitis prevalence in Gir cows. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 45(12):1507-1512.

Rogers GW and Spencer SB (1991). Relationship among udder and teat morphology and milking characteristic. Journal of Dairy Science 74:4189-4194.

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Spanu C, Reinemann DJ, Momont H, Cook N, Ruegg PL and Bade RD (2008). Ultrasonic assessment of teat tissue congestion. Paper No. 083805, ASABE Annual International Meeting.

Weiss D, Weinffurtner M and Bruckmair RM (2004). Teat anatomy and its relationship with quarter and milk flow characteristics in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 87:3280-3289.

Adoption of improved animal husbandry practices

Adoption of improved animal husbandry practices: A comparative study of dairy farmers in Rajasthan

Title: Adoption of improved animal husbandry practices: A comparative study of dairy farmers in Rajasthan

Authors: OP Meena, NK Sharma, DS Rajput, ML Yadav and PK Godara

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):371-375.

Cite this reference as: Meena OP, Sharma NK, Rajput DS, Yadav ML and Godara PK (2017). Adoption of improved animal husbandry practices: A comparative study of dairy farmers in Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 6(2):371-375.

Abstract

The study was conducted on 160 dairy farmers selected from eight villages of Jaipur and Dausa districts of Rajasthan state ascertain the comparative analysis adoption of improved animal husbandry practices. From each village 10 members and 10 non-members were selected randomly. It was found that highest adoption of members in improved management practices (76.4%) followed by feeding, health care and breeding 72.4, 60.3 and 48.6 per cent, respectively. Whereas, non-members highest adoption in improved management practices (71.0%) followed by feeding, health care and breeding 66.8, 52 and 40.2 per cent, respectively. Adoption of improved animal practices was quite higher among members (67.3%) in comparison to non-members (60.7%).

References

Devi LG (2013). Adoption of Dairy Farming Technologies by Livestock Farmers. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu. 13 (2):57-61.

Islam R,  Nath P,  Bharali A  and Saikia T (2015). Adoption of improved dairy husbandry practices by the dairy farmers of Sundarpukhuri Milk Co-operative Society in Assam. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 69(4):05-509.

Joshi V, Solanki D, Barotia P and Sisodia SS (2012). Adoption of improved animal husbandry practices by the tribal women promoted under NAIP. Rajasthan  Journal Extension Education (20):198-202.

Karthikeyan C (1994). Sugar factory registered growers, an analysis of their involvement and impact. MSc thesis submitted to amil Nadu Agril University, Coimbatore (India).

Kumar U, Dahiya NS and Chaudhary VK (2012). Studies on adoption of improved practices of cattle rearing. Veterinary Practitioner 13(2):365-367.

Kumar Vijay, Singh BP and Bangar YC (2013). Adoption level of breeding and reproduction managementpractices among goat farmers in semi arid zone of Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 2(2):207-210.

Meena DK, Ram H and Meena BS (2012a). Adoption of improved animal husbandry practices by the members and non-members of dairy cooperative societies. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 65(4):356-358.

Meena GL, Tailor R and Sharma FL (2012b).  Adoption of scientific dairy husbandry practices by tribal farmers. Rajasthan Journal of Extension Education (20):121-124.

Lavania P (2010). Adoption of technology by the farmers of Thar desert. Rajasthan Journal of Extension Education 17-18:167-169.

Ram H and Meena BS (2013). Adoption of improved dairy farming practices members and non DCS members of milk co-operative societies. Indian Journal of Extension Education 49 (1-2):43-45.

Rathore RS and Rathore RS (2014) Adoption of improved management practices by buffalo owners. Indian Journal Extension Education and Rural Development (22):67-71

Singh S, Kumar R and Meena BS (2010). Adoption level of scientific dairy farming practices by dairy farmers of Haryana. Indian Research Journal of  Extension Education 10(3):45-48.

Singh U, Vijay Avinashilingam NA and Malik BS (2012). Constraint perceived by members and non-members women dairy co-operative societies in Haryana. Indian Journal of Extension Education 48 (3-4):118-120.

Status of housing and feeding management practices of dairy animals

Status of housing and feeding management practices of dairy animals in the coastal area of south Gujarat

Title: Status of housing and feeding management practices of dairy animals in the coastal area of south Gujarat

Authors: RR Singh, SS Chaudhary, NB Patel, Amit Kumar and VK Singh

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):365-369.

Cite this reference as: Singh RR, Chaudhary SS, Patel NB, Kumar Amit and Singh VK (2017). Status of housing and feeding management practices of dairy animals in the coastal area of south Gujarat. Ruminant Science 6(2):365-369.

Abstract

A field survey was undertaken in west coastal farming area, Navsari taluka of Navsari district of south Gujarat to collect information on housing and feeding management practices of dairy animals followed by dairy animal owners. The housing and feeding practices were studied using pre tested questionnaire from 150 dairy owners. Fifteen village were selected from the said taluka through two stage random sampling. Findings revealed that majority of respondents had close (70%), pucca type (79.3%) animal houses and kept them inside the house during day and night (91.3%). Paddy straw was common dry fodder. Majority of them (58%) provided concentrate mixture to the advance pregnant animals during the last two months of the pregnancy. Provision of giving mineral mixture (59.3%) and salt (82.7%) was not practiced by the majority of the respondents.

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Socio-personal and socio-economic profile of dairy entrepreneur

Socio-personal and socio-economic profile of dairy entrepreneur in Bikaner district of Rajasthan

Title: Socio-personal and socio-economic profile of dairy entrepreneur in Bikaner district of Rajasthan

Authors: PK Godara, NK Sharma, DS Rajput, ML Yadav and OP Meena

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(2):361-364.

Cite this reference as: Godara PK, Sharma NK, Rajput DS, Yadav ML and Meena OP (2017). Socio-personal and socio-economic profile of dairy entrepreneur in Bikaner district of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 6(2):361-364.

Abstract

Present study highlighted the socio-personal and socio-economic profile of dairy entrepreneurs in Bikaner district of Rajasthan. Total 120 dairy livestock owners were selected in randomly selected 8 villages from Bikaner and Lunkaransar tehsils of Bikaner district in Rajasthan. The quantitative and qualitative data were collected through semi-structured interview schedule, discussion, observation and available secondary sources. The finding revealed that majority of dairy livestock owners were belonged to middle age group (46.67%), OBC category (57.50%), primary level of schooling (41.67%), nuclear family system (68.80%), small family size (65.83%), medium level of dairy experience (52.50%), no training experience (62.50%) and medium level of social participation (62.50%). The findings further revealed that majority of the dairy livestock owners (32.50%), (52.50%), (67.00%), (59.17%), (50.83%), (55.83%), (52.50%), (70.00%) were marginal landholders, medium size of herd, medium milk production, medium category of milk consumption, low level of milk sale, agriculture + dairying as main occupation, medium income group and  medium income group from dairy occupation, respectively.

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