Incidence and haemato-biochemical studies on goats naturally infected with coccidiosis in semi arid region, India

Incidence and haemato-biochemical studies on goats naturally infected with coccidiosis in semi arid region, India

Title: Incidence and haemato-biochemical studies on goats naturally infected with coccidiosis in semi arid region, India

Authors: Alok Kumar Singh, D Shanker, PK Rout, A Kumar, Nitika Sharma and Pradeep Kumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):257-260.

Cite this reference as: Singh Alok Kumar, Shanker D, Rout PK, Kumar A, Sharma Nitika and Kumar Pradeep (2016). Incidence and haemato-biochemical studies on goats naturally infected with coccidiosis in semi arid region, India. Ruminant Science 5(2):257-260.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and haemato-biochemical studies on goats naturally infected with coccidiosis in a semi arid region, India. Out of the 153 faecal samples collected directly from the rectum of goats and examined for the presence of oocysts 126 (82.35%) were found to be positive for coccidian oocysts. Eimeria species were identified after sporulation of oocysts present in the faecal by keeping in a thin layer of 2.5% aqueous potassium dichromate for 2-8 days at 280 C in laboratory. Based on morphometric studies, a total of five Eimeria species were identified, i.e. E. arloingi (44.12%), E. ninakohliakimovae (27.62%), E. hirci (15.51%), E. christenseni (8.62%) and E. caprina (4.62%). Haematological changes include a significant (P>0.05) reduction in erythrocyte count and haemoglobin content. Also, there was a significant leucocytosis. Biochemical analysis showed a significant decrease of glucose and alkaline phosphatase.

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In vitro efficacy of commercial preparation of Amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks in north Gujarat, India

In vitro efficacy of commercial preparation of Amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks in north Gujarat, India

Title: In vitro efficacy of commercial preparation of Amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks in north Gujarat, India

Authors: Neelu Sharma, Veer Singh and KP Shyma

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(1):33-37.

Cite this reference as: Sharma Neelu, Singh Veer and Shyma KP (2016). In vitro efficacy of commercial preparation of Amitraz in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks in north Gujarat, India. Ruminant Science 5(1):33-37.

Abstract

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks are the most prevalent one host tick species present in India and is responsible for severe economic loses to dairy and leather industry by adversely affecting milk production and quality of hides. Chemical control by acaricide has resulted in development of resistance in ticks and hence ticks are difficult to control. A study was conducted to assess the efficacy of commercial preparation of Amitraz in R. (B.) microplus ticks of North Gujarat by two step stratified random sampling procedure from areas having complain of treatment failure by using Amitraz. Larval packet test (LPT) was conducted using field strain for determination of 50 and 95% lethal concentration of Amitraz. Results obtained from the test showed inefficacy of Amitraz in tick isolates from Vasda (LC 50 -487.79; LC – 4497.18) and Rooppura (LC50- 5176.41; LC95 – 154471.7) which are much higher than the market recommended dose rate. The data on field status of acaricide resistance from the area with diversified animal genetic resources will be helpful to adopt suitable strategy to overcome the process of development of resistance in ticks.

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Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India

Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India

Title: Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India

Authors: Mahender Milind, Bincy Joseph, DK Sharma, Abhishek Gaurav, MC Sharma, Chandan Prakash, Karishma Rathore and Pooja Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2017)-6(1):133-136.

Cite this reference as: Milind Mahender, Joseph Bincy, Sharma DK, Gaurav Abhishek, Sharma MC, Prakash Chandan, Rathore Karishma and Patel Pooja (2017). Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants in goats of southern Rajasthan, India. Ruminant Science 6(1):133-136.

Abstract

The present study describes the seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus infection in goats in five districts of southern Rajasthan of India by screening random samples during 2016-2017. A total of 505 serum samples were collected from five districts (Udaipur=72; Dungarpur=130; Chittorgargh=104; Rajsamand=119; Banswara=80; Chittorgargh=104) of southern Rajasthan. The serum samples were screened for PPRV specific antibodies using PPR monoclonal antibody based competitive ELISA. An overall seroprevalence of 58.13%, 42.18% and 49.35% in vaccinated (n=172), unvaccinated (n=256) and groups of unknown (n=77) vaccination history was recorded. The random survey results of unvaccinated (42.18%) have implications in epidemiological perspective, since it highlights the exact PPR prevalence under natural situations where subclinical, inapparent or recovery of infection was suspected in goats. This study showed varying antibody levels in the affected districts reflecting the infection and vaccination profile of the herds. There is evidence of seroconversion to the vaccine and seroprevalence to the circulationg virus suggesting the level of vaccine coverage is inadequate to achieve herd immunity.

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PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED HOST FACTORS OF CAPRINE AND OVINE SCHISTOSOMOSIS IN PUNJAB, INDIA

PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED HOST FACTORS OF CAPRINE AND OVINE SCHISTOSOMOSIS IN PUNJAB, INDIA

Title: PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED HOST FACTORS OF CAPRINE AND OVINE SCHISTOSOMOSIS IN PUNJAB, INDIA

Authors: PD Pawar, LD Singla, Paramjit Kaur and MS Bal

Source: Ruminant Science (2018)-7(2):261-264.

Cite this reference as: Pawar PD, Singla LD, Kaur Paramjit and Bal MS (2018). Prevalence and associated host factors of caprine and ovine schistosomosis in Punjab, India. Ruminant Science 7(2):261-264.

Abstract

Present study was conducted to determine prevalence and potential host-related risk factors of ovine and caprine schistosomosis from Barnala district of Punjab state. Sheep had significantly (P<0.01) higher infection rate (35.00%) than goats (9.75%). Ten per cent formalin fixed faecal samples were analysed by concentration qualitative technique. Morphological and micrometric studies revealed the presence of only Schistosoma indicum ova in the present study. An association of S. indicum infection with poorer body condition score was observed in sheep as well as in goats. Overall Schistosoma infection was apparently higher in males (40.00%) than females (21.05%). The deworming and managemental aid could be worthwhile to reduce the impact of S. indicum infection in small ruminants.

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