Surgical management of diaphragmatic hernia in a buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) under isoflurane anaesthesia

Surgical management of diaphragmatic hernia in a buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) under isoflurane anaesthesia

Title: Surgical management of diaphragmatic hernia in a buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) under isoflurane anaesthesia

Authors: TT Kherkar, SS Pitlawar, CL Badgujar, KS Chaudhari and SM Agivale

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(1):141-142

Cite this reference as: Kherkar TT, Pitlawar SS, Badgujar CL, Chaudhari KS and Agivale SM (2019). Surgical management of diaphragmatic hernia in a buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) under isoflurane anaesthesia. Ruminant Science 8(1):141-142.

 

References

Abdelaal A, Gouda S, Ismail A and Gomaa M (2014). Reticular diaphragmatic hernia in Egyptian buffaloes: Clinical, hemato-biochemical and ultrasonographic findings. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 34:541-544.

Bellavance A, Banneville-Hebert A, Desrochers A and Fecteau G (2010). Surgical correction of a diaphragmatic hernia in a newborn calf. Canadian Veterinary Journal 51:767-769.

Joshi KN, Patel PB, Suthar BN, Patel BJ, Parmar JJ and Gami MS (2014). Therapeutic evaluation of ascorbic acid and manganese chloride as antioxidants during diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in buffaloes. Ruminant Science 3(2):237-239.

Kumar R, Kohli RN, Prasad B, Singh J and Sharma SN (1980).  Radiographic diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia in cattle. Veterinary Medicine: Small Animal Clinician 75:305-309.

Misk NA and Semieka  MA (2001). The radiographic appearance of reticular diaphragmatic herniation and traumatic pericarditis in buffaloes and cattle. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 42(5):426-430.

Mohindroo J, Kumar M, Kumar A and Singh SS (2007). Ultrasonographic diagnosis of reticular diaphragmatic hernias in buffaloes. Veterinary Record 161:757-758.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2015). Surgical management of various rumen affections in cattle and buffaloes. Ruminant Science 4(2):357-260.

Saini NS, Kumar A, Mahajan SK and Sood AC (2007). The use of ultrasonography, radiography, and surgery in the successful recovery from diaphragmatic hernia in a cow. Canadian Veterinary Journal 48:757-759.

Singh J, MR Fazili and SK Chawla (2006). Current status of diaphragmatic hernia in buffaloes with special reference to etiology and treatment: A review. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 27:73-79.

Udehiya Rahul Kumar, Singh SS, Mohindroo Jitender, Kumar Ashwani, Raghunath M and Saini NS (2013). Retrospective study on relative efficacy of haemato-biochemical, radiographic and ultrasonographic changes in diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia in bovines. Ruminant Science 2(1):89-95.

Congenital omphalocele along with persistent vitelline duct in a day old cow calf

Congenital omphalocele along with persistent vitelline duct in a day old cow calf

Title: Congenital omphalocele along with persistent vitelline duct in a day old cow calf

Authors: Kalaiselvan E, Sasikala, Swapna, Sharun Khan, Mohar Singh and SK Maiti

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(1):143-144

Cite this reference as: Kalaiselvan E, Sasikala, Swapna, Khan Sharun, Singh Mohar and Maiti SK (2019). Congenital omphalocele along with persistent vitelline duct in a day old cow calf. Ruminant Science 8(1):143-144.

References

Baird AN (1993). Omphalocele in two calves. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 202:1481-1482.

Dwivedi DK, Bhadwal MS, Gupta AK, Kushwaha RB, Sharma Ankur, Gupta Pankaj, Kumar Ashok and Upamnyu Girijesh (2016). Surgical management of congenital anomalies in ruminants. Ruminant Science 5(1):113-116.

Fazili MR, Dar SH, Bhattacharyya HK and Mir MR (2016). Congenital omphalocele in four calves, their surgical management and outcome. Indian Journal of Animal Research 50(5):816-819.

Mullassery D and Losty PD (2009). Omphalomesenteric Duct Remnants. In: Pediatric Surgery. Eds: P Puri and M Höllwarth.  Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp 491-496

Noden DM and De Lahunta A (1985). Digestive system. In: The Embryology of Domestic Animals. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 292-311.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S and Pandey RP (2015). Congenital anomalies and their surgical management in ruminants. Ruminant Science 4(1):121-130.

Sutaria Prajwalita, Prajapati HB, Dodia VD, Sutaria TV and  Suthar  BN (2014). Congenital omphalocele and its surgical management in a kid. Ruminant Science 3(1):123-124.

Studies on biochemical, hormonal and morphological interrelationship

Studies on biochemical, hormonal and morphological interrelationship of testis, epididymis and thyroid gland from birth to 10 months of age in Assam goats

Title: Studies on biochemical, hormonal and morphological interrelationship of testis, epididymis and thyroid gland from birth to 10 months of age in Assam goats

Authors: Kamal Sarma, SN Kalita and J Devi

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(1):81-84

Cite this reference as: Sarma Kamal, Kalita SN and Devi J (2019). Studies on biochemical, hormonal and morphological interrelationship of testis, epididymis and thyroid gland from birth to 10 months of age in Assam goats. Ruminant Science 8(1):81-84.

Abstract

The present study showed a highly significant (P<0.01) positive correlation persisted between the thyroid gland and the testis in respect of their biometrical and micrometrical parameters in male Assam goats at different ages of postnatal life. The weight of the thyroid gland also showed a highly significant (P<0.01) positive correlation with weight of caput, corpus and cauda epididymides of the male goats at their various ages. Mean serum concentrations of Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4) was found to possess a highly significant (P<0.01) positive correlation with diameter of the seminiferous tubules, height of seminiferous tubular epithelium and weight of testis. Again, the thyroid hormones had a negative correlation with the height of tubular epithelium of all the three segments of the epididymis. The increase in diameter of the seminiferous tubules was attributed by increased number of Leydig cells in the testis. The serum concentrations of testosterone hormone were found to have a positive correlation with various micrometrical parameters of the testicular tissue. Again, the serum levels of testosterone hormone showed highly significant (P<0.01) negative correlation with the concentration of serum cholesterol.

References

Baishya G, Ahme S and Bhattacharya M (1986). A correlative study on biometry and histomorphometry of male gonad and thyroid gland (0-90 days) in Assam goat (Capra hircus). Indian Veterinary Journal 63:928-932.

Franca LR and Godinho C L (2002). Testis morphology, seminiferous epithelium cycle length and daily sperm production in domestic cat (Felis catus). Biology of Reproduction 68:1554-1561.

Franca LR, Silva Jr VA, Garcia HC, Garcia SK and Debeljick L (2000). Cell proliferation and hormonal changes during postnatal development of the testis in the pig. Biology of Reproduction 63:1629-1636.

Handagama SM, Ariyanta BS, Manem TV and Haupt RL (1988). Differentiation of adult Leydig cells in neonatal rat testis is arrested by hypothyroidism. Biology of Reproduction 59:351-357.

Lal P (988). Role of thyroid in sexual and body weight cycles of the migratory redheaded bunting (Emberiza breeniceps). Journal of Comparative Endocrinology 70:291-300.

Luna LG (1968). Manual of Histological Staining Methods of Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. 3rd Edn, McGraw Hill Book Co, New York 153-173.

Parkinson TJ, Douthwaite JA and Follet BK (1995). Responses of prepubertal and mature rams to thyroidectomy. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 104:51-56.

Sergeev NI and Zaboloskii VA (1976). Age changes in the development of the rete testis in rams. Doklady Vsesoyuznoi Akademii Sel’skokhozyaistvennykh Nauk 12:26-28.

Veerabramhaiah K, Sreeraman PK and Naidu KS (1999). Comparative post natal histological changes of the epididymis in indigenous and crossbred pigs. Indian Veterinary Journal 76:321-325.

Wing TY and Chrstensen K (1982). Morphometric studies on rat seminiferous tubules. American Journal of Anatomy 165:13-25.

Wrobel KH, Dostal S and Schimmel M (1988). Postnatal development of the tubular lamina propria and the intertubular tissue in the bovine testis. Cell and Tissue Research 252:639-653.

Existing marketing practices of goat owners in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan

Existing marketing practices of goat owners in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan

Title: Existing marketing practices of goat owners in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan

Authors: Anil Mordia, MC Sharma, Rahul Singh Pal and ML Gurjar

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(1):77-80

Cite this reference as: Mordia Anil, Sharma MC, Pal Rahul Singh and Gurjar ML (2019). Existing marketing practices of goat owners in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 8(1):77-80.

 

Abstract

Livestock plays a vital role in the agriculture and rural economies of the developing world. Animal husbandry is a major economic activity of the rural peoples, especially in the Chittorgarh district of Southern Rajasthan. A field survey was conducted to study goat marketing management practices of 120 respondents of 8 villages of Chittorgarh and Kapasan tehsils of Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan were interviewed. Frequencies were worked out for each attribute and percentage were calculated to draw inferences. Majority of goat owners sold the goat and buck at their village (57.50%), at the time of Eid festival (55.83%), at the 6-9 months of age (86.67%) and 15-30 kg body weight (68.33%). Generally, bucks were sold on a bodyweight basis and get income Rs 3000-5000 per buck at the 6-9 months of age (55.00%).

References

AHD (2012). Animal Husbandry Department, India, 19th Livestock census-2012, http://dahd.nic.in/dahd/WriteReadData/Livestock.pdf

AHD (2012). Animal Husbandry Department, Rajasthan, 19th Livestock census Rajasthan-2012, animalhusbandry.rajasthan.gov.in./livestock census_

AHD (2015-16). Animal Husbandry Department, Rajasthan. State Livestock Development Policy. www.animalhusbandry.rajasthan.gov.in.

Bilwar Harikant, Mandal MK, Singh Ruchi and Yadav Jitendra Singh (2016). An analysis of goat production system in tribal areas of Mandla district. Ruminant Science 5(1):55-58.

Boz I (2015). Adoption of innovations and best management practices by goat farmers in eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 7(7):229-239.

Farmers’ portal (2015). Department of agriculture and cooperation and farmers welfare, ministry of agriculture and farmers welfare. Government of India, 2 Nov 2015. Farmers.gov.in

Gurjar ML (2006). Goat husbandry practices in Mewar region of the southern Rajasthan. PhD Thesis submitted to RCA Campus, MPUAT, Udaipur, Rajasthan.

Kumar Shalander and Deoghare PR (2003). Goat production system and diseases in goats in India with reference to implementation of a health plan calendar. Small Ruminant Research   47:159-164.

Mordia Anil, Sharma MC, Gurjar ML and Nagda RK (2018). Existing breeding and feeding practices of goat in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 7(2):297-300.

Rajanna N, Mahender M and Thammiraju O (2012). Marketing practices adopted by the sheep farmers in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Animal Production Management 28(3-4):167-170.

Senthilkumar S, Ramprabhu R, Pandian A and Saravana S (2012). Small ruminant marketing practices in southern Tamil Nadu: A case study. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 18(1):129-131.

Sharma MC (2005). Genetic investigation of body weight and Morphometry traits of Sirohi goats in the field. PhD Thesis submitted to MPUAT, Udaipur, Rajasthan.

Sharma MC, Pathodiya OP, Jingar SC and Gaur M (2007). A study on socio-economic status of goat rearers and adoption of management practices. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 13(1):75-83.

Sorathiya LM (2015). A study on prevailing managemental practices, nutritional status and parasitic load in the goat flocks of Ahir community of south Gujarat. PhD Thesis submitted to NAU, Navsari, Gujarat.

Sorathiya LM, Fulsoundar AB, Raval AP, Patel MD and Tyagi KK (2016). Goat Rearing Practices of Ahir Community in High Rainfall Zones of south Gujarat. Journal of Animal Research 6(3):537-541.

Tanwer PS (1994). Current status of goat management in tribal area of Udaipur district. MSc Thesis submitted to RAU, Bikaner, Rajasthan.

Tanwar PS and Rohilla PP (2012). Goat management practices adopted by farmers in Jaipur district of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 18(1):121-124.

Tanwar PS, Vaishanava CS and Sharma V (2008). A study on socio-economic aspects of goat keepers and Management practices prevailed in the tribal area of Udaipur district of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Animal Research 42(1):71-74.

Entrepreneurial behavior of rural youth involved in dairy enterprise

Entrepreneurial behavior of rural youth involved in dairy enterprise

Title: Entrepreneurial behavior of rural youth involved in dairy enterprise

Authors: Sandeep Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar Singh, Amit Singh, Shalini Vaswani and Vijay Kumar 

Source: Ruminant Science (2019)-8(1):73-76

Cite this reference as: Sharma Sandeep, Singh Sanjeev Kumar, Singh Amit, Vaswani Shalini and Kumar Vijay (2019). Entrepreneurial behavior of rural youth involved in dairy enterprise. Ruminant Science 8(1):73-76.

Abstract

Present study was conducted in Dholpur district of Rajasthan to know the level of entrepreneurial behaviour of rural youth in dairying. A sample of 120 rural youth was selected for the study. Majority of the respondents had a medium level of innovativeness, achievement motivation and decision-making ability. About 60 per cent of dairy farmers had medium risk orientation, with moderate coordinating and planning ability. While 50.00 per cent of the respondents had medium information-seeking behaviour, 64.17 per cent had a medium level of cosmopoliteness and 60 per cent possessed a high level of self-confidence followed by 32.50 per cent medium, 07.50 per cent low-level self-confidence.  This study revealed that dairy farmers had a medium level of entrepreneurial behaviour. 

References

Ahuja R, Singh SP, Sangwan SS and Gautam (2016). Entrepreneurial behavior of dairy farmers in Haryana. Haryana Veterinarian 55(1):6-11.

Chaudhari RR, Hirevenkanagoudar LV, Hanchinal SN and Mokashi AN (2007).  A scale for measurement of entrepreneurial behavior of dairy farmers. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 20(4):792-796.

Daya R, Margaret N and Singh MK (2014). Entrepreneurial behaviour of farmers in Imphal district of Manipur. Indian Journal of Extension Education 50(1-2):4-7.

Kayensuza L (2012). Entrepreneurial behaviour on scientific dairy farming among youth of Manipur. MVSc thesis submitted to the NDRI, Karnal.

Kumar Jitendra, Singh Sanjeev Kumar, Singh Amit and Rashmi (2018). Extent of awareness towards livestock insurance and risk mitigation strategies related factors among dairy owners of Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 7(1):129-132.

Lawrence C and Ganguli D (2012). Entrepreneurial behaviour of dairy farmers in Tamil Nadu. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education 12:1.

Patel P, Patel MM, Badodia SK and Sharma P (2014). Entrepreneurial behaviour of dairy farmers. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education 14:2.

Rathod Prakashkumar, Nikam TR, Landge Sariput and Hatey Amit (2012). Entrepreneurial behaviour of dairy farmers in western Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Commerce and Business Management 5(2):115-121

Raina V, Bhushan B, Bakshi P and Khajuria S (2016). Entrepreneurial behaviour of dairy farmers. Journal of Animal Research 6(5):1-7.

Sabale AN, Suradkar DD and Thombre BM (2014). Entrepreneurial behaviour of farmers in Marathwada region. Agriculture Update 9(1):25.

Sadashive SM (2013). Entrepreneurial behaviour among dairy farmers in Marathwada region of Maharashtra. MVSc thesis submitted to the NDRI, Karnal, Haryana.India.

Singh Jaspal, Kumar Pranav and Singh Amandeep (2018). Knowledge level of dairy farmers about scientific dairy practices in Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir. Ruminant Science 7(1):117-122.

Yadav Sarvajeet, Singh Amit, Singh DN and Singh Jai (2018). Factors influencing adoption behavior of the dairy farmers in semi-arid region of Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 7(2):301-303.