ULTRASONOGRAPHIC DIAGNOSIS AND SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF WATTLE CYST IN KIDS

ULTRASONOGRAPHIC DIAGNOSIS AND SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF WATTLE CYST IN KIDS

Title: Ultrasonographic diagnosis and Surgical Management of Wattle Cyst in Kids

Authors: DA Ratnu, JJ Parmar, PB Dabhi, JK Tank, RB Gondaliya and PV Parikh

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):307.

Cite this reference as: DA Ratnu, JJ Parmar, PB Dabhi, JK Tank, RB Gondaliya and PV Parikh (2016). Ultrasonographic diagnosis and surgical management of wattle cyst in kids. Ruminant Science 5(2):307.

 

References

Abu-Seida AM (2014). Radiographic examination and treatment of wattle cyst in goats and sheep. Global Veterinaria 12(6):862-864.

Badawy AM (2011). Some congenital malformations in ruminants and equines with special reference to the surgical treatment of recto-vaginal and cysto-rectal fistula. Behna Veterinary Medical Journal 1:14-27.

Jana Debasis and Ghosh Mousumi (2011). Congenital wattle based cyst in a Sirohi kid and its successful surgical management. Intas Polivet 12(1):69-70.

DIAGNOSIS OF TRAUMATIC RETICULOPERITONITIS IN BOVINES USING COMPUTED RADIOGRAPHY

DIAGNOSIS OF TRAUMATIC RETICULOPERITONITIS IN BOVINES USING COMPUTED RADIOGRAPHY

Title: DIAGNOSIS OF TRAUMATIC RETICULOPERITONITIS IN BOVINES USING COMPUTED RADIOGRAPHY

Authors: Mahendra Tanwar, TK Gahlot, Sakar Palecha and P Bishnoi

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):301-305.

Cite this reference as: Mahendra Tanwar, TK Gahlot, Sakar Palecha and P Bishnoi (2016). Diagnosis of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in bovines using computed radiography. Ruminant Science 5(2):301-305.

References

Aref NM and Abdel-Hakiem MA (2013). Clinical and diagnostic methods for evaluation of sharp foreign body syndrome in buffaloes. Veterinary World 6(9):586-591.

Balkc E and Gunay C (2004). Comparison of some clinical, haematological, biochemical and electrocardiography findings before and rumenotomy in cows with traumatic reticuloperitonitis. Turkey Journal of Veterinary Science 18(1):13-19.

Beth PP and David SS (1990). Radiography of the bovine cranioventral abdomen. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 32(1):155-158.

Braun U, Flückiger M and Nägeli F (1993). Radiography as an aid in the diagnosis of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in cattle. Veterinary Record 132(5):103-9.

Braun U (2009). Traumatic pericarditis in cattle: Clinical, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings. Veterinary Journal 182(2):176-86.

Chaudhari KS, Thorat MG, Yadav GU, Mulani JB, Suryawanshi AA and Ingale SS  (2009). Role of radiological examination in diagnosis of foreign body in bovines. Veterinary World 2(9):339.

Dabas VS, Chaudhari CF and Chaudhari NF (2012). Metallic foreign bodies in the fore stomach of large ruminants and their significance. Ruminant Science 1(1):81-84.

Devi Sarita, Varshney JP, Undirwade SC and Jadhav KM (2014). Cardiac troponin-I and electrocardiographic findings in buffaloes with traumatic reticulo-pericarditis. Ruminant Science 3(2):177-180

Farrow CS (1999). Reticular foreign bodies. Causative or coincidence? Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice 15(2):397-408.

Fubini SL, Yeager AE, Mohmmed HO and Smith DF (1990). Accuracy of the radiography of the reticulum for predicting surgical finding in adult dairy cattle with traumatic peritonitis 123 cases (1981-1987). Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 197(8):1060-1064.

Ghadrdan-Mashhandi AR, Mazaheri Y and Rastegar G (2007). A survey on the frequency and kinds of foreign bodies in the rumen and reticulum and reticular adhesions in buffaloes slaughtered in Ahvaz abattoir. Journal of Veterinary Research 62(1):39-43.

Ghanem MM (2010). A comparative study on traumatic reticuloperitonitis and traumatic pericarditis in Egyptian cattle. Turkish Journal of Veterinary Animal Science 34:143-153.

Joshi KN, Patel PB, Suthar BN, Patel BJ, Parmar JJ and Gami MS (2014). Therapeutic evaluation of ascorbic acid and manganese chloride as antioxidants during diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in buffaloes. Ruminant Science 3(2):237-239.

Karademir B (2005). Evaluation of glutaraldehyde test in traumatic reticuloperitonitis in cattle. Indian Veterinary Journal 83(9):996-998.

Kataria AK and Kataria N (2006). Disease associated changes in white blood cell counts in the cattle. Indian Cow Jan- March 25-28.

Khalphallah A, Elmeligy E, Elsayed HK, ElHawari SF and Elrashidy MH (2016). Diagnostic significance of ultrasonography in complicated traumatic reticuloperitonitis in Egyptian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis).http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ajava. 2016. 319.330&org=10.

Meena BK and Gahlot TK (2013). Radiological diagnosis of thoraco-abdominal disorders-A Clinical study of 26 Bovines. Intas Polivet 14(1):1-5.

Ocal N, Gokce G, Gucu AI, Uzlu E, Yagci BB and Ural K (2008). Pica as a predisposing factor for traumatic reticuloperitonitis in dairy cattle: serum mineral concentrations and haematological findings. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 7:651-656.

Oehme FD (2012). The digestive system. In: Text Book of Large Animal Surgery. Eds: CFB Hofmeyr. East-West Press Private limited, pp 439-451.

Omidi A (2008). Less common complication of traumatic reticulitis in cattle, abscess on left thoracic wall. Journal of American Veterinary Association 3:381-38.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2015). Surgical management of various rumen affections in cattle and buffaloes. Ruminant Science 4(2):357-260.

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchclif KW (2006). Diseases of the rumen reticulum and omasum. In: Veterinary Medicine: A Textbook of

        the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats. 10th Edn, Elsevier Health Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, USA, pp 311-352.

Ramprabhu R, Dhanapalan P and Prathaban S (2003). Comparative efficacy of diagnostic tests in the diagnosis of traumatic reticuloperitonitis and allied syndrome in cattle. Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine 58(2/3):68-72.

Reddy LSSVP, Reddy BS, Naik BR and Prasad CS (2014). Haematological and clinical alterations with traumatic reticuloperitonitis in cattle. International Journal of Veterinary Science 3(4):203-205.

Singh J, Singh AP and Patil DB (1993). The Digestive System. In: Ruminant Surgery. Eds: RPS Tyagi and J Singh, 1st Edn, New Delhi, India: CBS Publishers. p 201.

Sutaria T, Chauhan PM, Sutaria P, Nakhashi HC and Suthar BN (2013). Diagnosis and retrieval of ruminal plastic foreign body in a sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 2(1):103-105.

Suthar DN, Mistry JN, Suthar BN, Patel PB and Patel KB (2012). Ferroscopy and blood trypsin inhibitor spot test for diagnosis of foreign body in camels (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 1(1):85-87.

Tanwar RK and Kachhawaha S (2004). Radiographic diagnosis of foreign bodies in the reticulum, heart and in the herniated portion of reticulum in cow-A pictorial guide. Veterinary Practitioner 5(2):117-119.

Tyagi RPS and Singh J (1993). Ruminant Surgery. 1st Edn, CBS Publication and Distributers, New Delhi.

Waldner CL, Kennedy RI, Rosengren L and Clark EG (2009). A field study of culling and mortality in beef cows from western Canada. Canadian Veterinary Journal 50(5):491-499.

Pervaginum ovario-hysterectomy as salvage procedure for chronic cervico-vaginal prolapse in a cow

Pervaginum ovario-hysterectomy as salvage procedure for chronic cervico-vaginal prolapse in a cow

Title: Pervaginum ovario-hysterectomy as salvage procedure for chronic cervico-vaginal prolapse in a cow

Authors: S Purohit, Ranbir Singh, G Kumar, V Malik, DM Tripathi, MK Verma, PR Singh,

A Gowtham and RP Pandey

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):297-299.

Cite this reference as: Purohit S, Singh Ranbir, Kumar G, Malik V, Tripathi DM, Verma MK, Singh PR, Gowtham A and Pandey RP (2016). Pervaginum ovario-hysterectomy as salvage procedure for chronic cervico-vaginal prolapse in a cow. Ruminant Science 5(2):297-299.

 

References

Bhattacharyya HK, Fazili MR, Buchoo BA and Akand HA (2012). Genital prolapse in crossbred cows: Prevalence, clinical picture and management by a modifified Bühner’s technique using infusion (drip) set tubing as suture material. Veterinarski Arhiv 82(1):11-24.

Borah Pranjal and Heli Taba (2013). Post-partum uterine prolapse in mithun (Bos frontalis): A case report. Ruminant Science 2(2):227-228.

Gibbons WJ, Catcott EJ and Smithcors JF (1970). Bovine Medicine and Surgery. 1st Edn, American Veterinary Publications Inc, Illinois, pp 815-822.

Mishra SS (1998). Surgical and medical management of recurrent uterovaginal prolapse in the bovine. Intas Polivet 1(1):51-54.

Nayak S and Samantara S (2010). Surgical correction of chronic cervico-vaginal prolapse in a Red Sindhi cow through intravaginal approach. Veterinary World 3(9):427-428.

Noordsy JL (1994). Food Animal Surgery. 3rd Edn, Veterinary Learning Systems Co Inc, New Jersey, pp 189-198.

Oehme FW and Prier JE (1974). Text Book of Large Animal Surgery. 1st Edn, Williams and Wilkins Co, Baltimore, pp 516-521.

Roberts SJ (1971). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Disease. 2nd Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, India.

Sharma BL, Bhatt VK, Shukla MK, Thapak S, Gupta KK, Sharma S and Parasar R (2014). Periparturient hormonal profile and therapeutic management of cervicovaginal prolapse in murrah buffaloes. Ruminant Science 3(1):29-32.

Tyagi RPS and Singh Jit (1993). Ruminant Surgery. 1st Edn,  CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, pp 284-298.

Wolfe DF and Carson RL (1999). Surgery of the vestibule, vagina and cervix: Cattle, sheep and goats. In: Large Animal Urogenital Surgery. Eds: DF Wolfe and HD Moll. Baltimore (MD): Williams and Wilkins, pp 397-411.

Winkler JK (1966). Repair of the bovine vagina prolapse by cervical fixation. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 149:768.

Youngquist RS and Threlfall WR (2007). Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology. 2nd Edn, WB Saunders Co, Missouri, US, pp 469-471.

Echocardiographic assessment of oculocardiac reflex in black Bengal goats

Echocardiographic assessment of oculocardiac reflex in black Bengal goats

Title: Echocardiographic assessment of oculocardiac reflex in black Bengal goats

Authors: S Jegaveera-Pandian and Pankaj Kumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):293-296.

Cite this reference as: Jegaveera-Pandian S and Kumar Pankaj (2016). Echocardiographic assessment of oculocardiac reflex in black Bengal goats. Ruminant Science 5(2):293-296.

Abstract

To study the effect of OCR on the various cardiac parameters, OCR was induced in 26 healthy adult, nonpregnant Black Bengal goats which were subsequently underwent two-dimensional right parasternal echocardiography in standing position. Left ventricular parameters were measured by electronic callipers and the indices were calculated using in-built software. Data were collected and analysed. A mean reduction of 18.88% in heart rate and 6.78% in cardiac output were noticed under the influence of OCR. Other left ventricular parameters were insignificantly influenced by the reflex. Although there were nonsignificant changes in the end diastolic diameter (EDD), end systolic diameter (ESD), end systolic volume (ESV), end diastolic volume (EDV), mean systolic ejection rate (MSER) and mean velocity of circumferential fibre shortening (mVCF), but reduction in heart rate (HR) predominantly influenced the cardiac performance.

 

References

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Devakumari S and Vijhayapriya T (2013). Trigemino-cardiac reflex and its importance in maxillofacial surgery-A review. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences 12(2): 07-11

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Ghaffari MS, Marjani M and Masoudifard M (2009). Oculocardiac reflex induced by zygomatic arch fracture in a crossbreed dog. Journal of Veterinary Cardiology 11:67-69.

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Khurana I, Sharma R and Khurana AK (2006). Experimental study of oculocardiac reflex (OCR) with graded stimuli. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 50:152-156.

Leroux AA, Sandersen CF, Deleuze S, Salciccia A, Amory H and Monnen ML (2012). Two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiographic reference values in healthy adult Sannen goats. Veterinary Record 170: 154-159.

Potter TJ, Hallowell GD and Aldridge B (2012). Head and ocular surgery in farm animals. In Practice 34:518-522.

Puri AS, Thiex R, Zarzour H, Rahbar R and Orbach DB (2011). Trigeminocardiac Reflex in a child during pre-onyx DMSO injection for juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma embolization: A case report. Interventional Neuroradiology 17:13-16.

Singh J, Roy S, Mukherjee P, Konar D, Konar A and Hazra S (2010). Influence of topical anaesthetics on oculocardiac reflex and corneal healing in rabbits. International Journal of Ophthalmology 3(1):14-18.

Steininger K, Berli SJ, Jud R and Schwarzwald CC (2011). Echocardiography in Sannen goats: Normal findings, reference intervals in awake goats, and the effect of general anaesthesia. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 153:553-564.

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Vasudev S and Reddy S (2015). Trigeminocardiac reflex during orbital floor reconstruction: A case report. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 14:S32-S37.

Zhang K, Gu E and Lu J (2008). Setting up a heart rate alarm limit to decrease oculocardiac reflex during strabismus surgery in children. Frontiers of Medicine in China 2:295-297.

Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in a nondescript goat

Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in a nondescript goat

Title: Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in a nondescript goat

Authors: R Raguvaran, DB Mondal, MV Jithin, Bipin Kumar and M Sivakumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):291-292.

Cite this reference as: Raguvaran R, Mondal DB, Jithin MV, Kumar Bipin and Sivakumar M (2016).  Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in a nondescript goat Ruminant Science 5(2):291-292.

References

Das Gunjan, Lalnunpuia C,  Sarma K, Behera SK, Dutta TK and Bandyopadhyay Samiran (2015). Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus associated sub-clinical mastitis in crossbred cows in Mizoram. Ruminant Science 4(2):167-170.

Kumar V, Patel JS, Patel BR, Mevada VK and Raval AP (2012). Therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial drugs in clinical mastitis of cross bred cattle. Ruminant Science 1(2):177-180.

Langer A, Ahuja A and Bihani DK (2014). Diagnosis of mycotic mastitis in cow. Ruminant Science 3(2):235-236

Lerondelle C, Richard Y and Issartial J (1992). Factors affecting somatic cell counts in goat milk. Small Ruminant Research 8:129-139.

Parmar VL, Prasad A, Patel JS, Dodiya PG, Javia BB and Mathpati BS (2015). Therapeutic management of clinical mastitis caused by Pseudomonas SPP with special reference to homeopathy medicine in Jafarabadi buffalo – A case study. Ruminant Science 4(2):245-246.

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW and Constable PD (2007). Veterinary Medicine: A Textbook of Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats. 10thEdn, WB Saiunders, USA, p 761.

Raorane A, Chothe S, Dubal ZB, Barbuddhe SB,  Karunakaran M, Doijad S, Pathak A, Poharkar K and Singh NP (2013). Antimicrobial resistance of the pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in Goa. Ruminant Science 2(2):139-144.

Rathore Omavati , Rathore Geeta, Patel Chetan,  Kinhekar Amol S, Mangwani Neelam, Kumar Vivek, Ravikumar RK and Kumar Vipin (2016). Clinical evaluation of an indigenous practice against subclinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 5(1):95-98.

Ryan DP and Greenwood PL (1990). Prevalence of udder bacteria in milk samples from four dairy goat herds. Australian Veterinary Journal 67(10):362-363.

Straub JA, Hertel C and Hammes WP (1999). A 23Srna targeted polymerase chain reaction based system for detection of Staphylococcus aureus in meat stable culture and dairy products. Journal of Food Protection 62:1150-1156

Yousef JM and Danial EN (2012). In vitro antibacterial activity and minimum inhibitory concentration of zinc oxide nanoparticle against pathogenic strain. Journal of Health Sciences 2:38-42.

Diagnosis and therapeutic management of hemorrhagic septicemia: a case report in 4 buffaloes

Diagnosis and therapeutic management of hemorrhagic septicemia: a case report in 4 buffaloes

Title: Diagnosis and therapeutic management of hemorrhagic septicemia: a case report in 4 buffaloes

Authors: Ravi Shankar Kumar Mandal, Aishwarya Lekshman, Ankush Rana, Chandrakiran Gaykwad, Surender Kumar, Abinav Suthar N, Prasanna Vadhana, DB Mondal and SK Dixit

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):287-289.

Cite this reference as: Mandal Ravi Shankar Kumar, Lekshman Aishwarya, Rana Ankush, Gaykwad Chandrakiran, Kumar Surender, Suthar NA, Vadhana Prasanna, Mondal DB and Dixit SK (2016). Diagnosis and therapeutic management of hemorrhagic septicemia: a case report in 4 buffaloes. Ruminant Science 5(2):287-289.

Abstract

Four buffaloes with the history of pyrexia, brisket odema along with severe respiratory distress were presented to Referral Veterinary Polyclinic (RVP), IVRI. The cases were tentatively diagnosed as Hemorrhagic Septicemia and therapy was initiated against the same. For confirmatory diagnosis bacterial culture and Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the collected samples were performed. Leukocytosis with neutrophilia and mild reduction in hemoglobin level observed on hematological examination. Bacteriological culture of blood sample revealed non hemolytic small glistening mucoid dew-drop like colony on blood agar. On leishmann staining bipolar organism and on gram staining gram negative coccobacilli organism detected. Multiplex capsular PCR confirmed Pasteurella multocida type B. Antibiotic sensitivity test shows it is resistant to sulphamethaxazole+ Trimethoprime combination and sensitive to pencillins and cephalosporins On basis of the clinical signs and diagnostic plan the case was confirmed as Hemorrhagic Septicemia due to P. multocida type B and managed accordingly.

References

Annas S, Zamri-Saad M, Jesse FFA and Zunita Z (2014). New sites of localisation of Pasteurella multocida B: 2 in buffalo surviving experimental haemorrhagic septicaemia. BMC Veterinary Research 10(1):1.

Benkirane A and de Alwis MCL (2002). Haemorrhagic septicaemia, its significance, prevention and control in Asia. VeterinarnI Medicina (Praha) 47(8):234-240.

de Alwis MC and Sumanadasa  MA (1982). Naturally acquired immunity to haemorrhagic septicaemia among cattle and buffaloes in Sri Lanka. Tropical Animal Health and Production 14(1):27-28.

de Alwis MCL (1992). Haemorrhagic septicaemia-A general review. British Veterinary Journal 148(2): 99-112.

Horadagoda NU, Hodgson JC, Moon G M, Wijewardana TG and Eckersall PD (2002). Development of a clinical syndrome resembling haemorrhagic septicaemia in the buffalo following intravenous inoculation of Pasteurella multocida serotype B: 2 endotoxin and the role of tumour necrosis factor alpha. Research in Veterinary Science 72(3):194-200.

Ranjan R, Panda S, Acharya A, Singh A and Gupta M (2011). Molecular diagnosis of hemorrahagic septicemia-A review. Veterinary World 4(4):189-192.

Tabatabaei M, Jula GM, Jabbari AR and Esmailzadeh M (2007). Vaccine efficacy in cattle against hemorrhagic septicemia with live attenuated aroA mutant of Pasteurella multocida B: 2 strain. Journal of Cell and Animal Biology 1(4):62-65.

Haemato- biochemical changes in downer syndrome in cows

Haemato- biochemical changes in downer syndrome in cows

Title: Haemato- biochemical changes in downer syndrome in cows

Authors: Bhavika Patel, Praful Patel and DS Nauriyal

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):283-285.

Cite this reference as: Bhavika Patel, Praful Patel and DS Nauriyal (2016). Haemato- biochemical changes in downer syndrome in cows. Ruminant Science 5(2):283-285.

Abstract

The present study was carried out to evaluate the hematological and biochemical changes in forty eight cows suffering from downer syndrome. Out of these, 41 cows were of alert dower syndrome which were in sternal recumbency and showed normal body temperature, urination and defecation. Remaining seven downer cows were of non alert downer cow syndrome which were in lateral recumbency and exhibited complete anorexia and elevated heart rate as well as respiratory rates. Haematology revealed significant (p<0.05) decrease in haemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV), total erythrocyte count (TEC), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and significant increase in mean corpuscular volume (MCV) values. The leukocytic pattern showed significant increase in neutrophils and decrease in lymphocytes. Biochemically, the affected cattle had hyperglycaemia with elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentration.

References

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Blum JW, Wilson RB and Kronfeld DS (1973). Plasma insulin concentration in parturient cows. Journal of Dairy Science 56:459-464.

Brar RS, Sandhu HS and Singh A (2002). Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods. 2nd Edn, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India.

Clark RG (1991). Serum biochemistry of downer cow syndrome.  New Zealand Veterinary Journal 35:126.

Cox VS, Marsh WE and Steurnagel GR (1986). Downer cow occurrence in Minnesota dairy herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 4:249-260.

Galabinov G (1972). Clinical and pathological changes in paraplegia of cows after parturition. Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift 59:369-373.

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Jonsson G and Pehrson B (1969). Studies on the downer syndrome in dairy cows. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A-Animal Physiology Pathology and Clinical Veterinary Medicine 16:657-684.

Julien WE, Conard HR and Redman DR (1977). Influence of dietary protein in susceptibility to alert downer syndrome. Journal of Dairy Science 60:210-215.

Kaneko JJ (1989). Metabolic diseases. In: Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals. 4th Edn, Academic Press, New York.

Krnic A, Eidi M and Sokhteh M (2003). Hemato-biochemical studies on Downer cow syndrome. Veterinary Noticias 27:728-730.

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Narayana K, Sethy DRL, Sastry KNV and Thandaveshkar MG (1977). Downer cow syndrome. Indian Veterinary Journal 54:148-151.

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Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2000). Metabolic diseases. In: Veterinary Medicine. A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Sheep, Goats, Pigs and Horses. 9th Edn, WB Saunders Co, USA, 1435-1440.

Wadhwa DR and Prasad B (2002). Haemato-biochemical studies on Downer cows. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 22:11-14.

Constraints perceived in accessing and utilization of information on improved goat farming: A gender perspective study

Constraints perceived in accessing and utilization of information on improved goat farming: A gender perspective study

Title: Constraints perceived in accessing and utilization of information on improved goat farming: A gender perspective study

Authors: Sushil Kumar Sinha, Mahesh Chander, Braj Mohan, Rekha Yadav and Devesh Thakur

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):277-282.

Cite this reference as: Sinha SK, Chander Mahesh, Mohan Braj, Yadav Rekha and Thakur  Devesh (2016). Constraints perceived in accessing and utilization of information on improved goat farming: A gender perspective study. Ruminant Science 5(2):277-282.

Abstract

An ex-post facto study was conducted in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh for documentation of the constraints perceived by goat farmers in accessing and utilization of information related to scientific goat farming. For data collection, total 80 female and 80 male goat owners were randomly selected from 4 highest goat populated blocks of district. Their perceptions were assessed on three point continuum scale i.e. most serious (3), serious (2) and least serious (1). Based on obtained weighted mean score, constraints were ranked separately for female, male, and overall respondents. Spearman rank correlation coefficient values revealed that male and female goat farmers were in strong agreement about the prevalence of identified constraints related to accessing information as well as utilization of information. ‘Lack of awareness’, ‘lack of goat specific information’ and ‘extension worker personality’ were major constraints in accessing information, while, regarding constraints in utilization of information; ‘irrelevant information’, ‘more technical content’ and ‘small herd size’ were top ranked.

References

Bilwar Harikant, Mandal MK, Singh Ruchi and Yadav Jitendra (2015). Capacity building of tribal people on scientific goat farming practices. Ruminant Science 4(2):189-191.

Bilwar Harikant, Mandal MK , Singh Ruchi and  Yadav Jitendra Singh (2016). An analysis of goat production system in tribal areas of Mandla district. Ruminant Science 5(1):55-58.

Borthakur Bikash (2015). Socio-economic and psychological status of goat farmers in Dibrugarh district of Assam. Ruminant Science 4(1):91-94.

CIRG (2011). Vision-2030: A report by Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.

FAO (2013). Live animals production. Food and Agriculture of United Nation. (http://faostat.fao.org./site/573/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=573#ancor)

Galadima M (2014). Constraints on farmers access to agricultural information delivery: A survey of rural farmers in Yobe state, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 7(9):18-22.

Kumar Vijay, Singh BP and Bangar YC (2013). Adoption level of breeding and reproduction managementpractices among goat farmers in semi arid zone of Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 2(2):207-210.

Mandal MK and Kirar Nitin (2016). Relationship between socio economic profile and knowledge level of goat owners regarding scientific goat farming practices. Ruminant Science 5(1):47-50.

Kumar S (2007). Commercial goat farming in India: An emerging Agri-Business Opportunity. Agricultural Economic Research Review 20:503-520.

National Sample Survey Organization, NSSO. (2006). Some Aspects of Operational Land Holdings in India, Report 492(59/18.1/3), New Delhi, Government of India.

Pal RS and Bamania MK (2016). Studies on mortality rate in preweaning kids of Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 5(1):91-93.

Sharma GRK and Arya HPS (2005) Constraints in Utilization of Internet Communication Among Livestock Farmers. Indian Veterinary Journal 82:56

Singhal V (1999). Indian Agriculture-1999. Indian Economic Data Research Center, New Delhi, pp 479-519.

Tadesse D (2008). Access and utilization of agricultural information by resettler farming households: The case of Metema Woreda, North Gondar, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis submitted to (Rural Development and Agricultural Extension) Haramaya University: Haramaya (Ethiopia).

Availability, approachability and use of livestock informative services of animal husbandry department by women farmers in Uttar Pradesh

Availability, approachability and use of livestock informative services of animal husbandry department by women farmers in Uttar Pradesh

Title: Availability, approachability and use of livestock informative services of animal husbandry department by women farmers in Uttar Pradesh

Authors: Jyoti Yadav and Hema Tripathi

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):271-276.

Cite this reference as: Yadav Jyoti and Tripathi Hema (2016). Availability, approachability and use of livestock informative services of animal husbandry department by women farmers in Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 5(2):271-276.

Abstract

Livestock extension service delivery is under the control of State Department of Animal Husbandry (SDAH) and the services are provided to livestock owners irrespective of gender through vast network of veterinary hospitals, A.I. centres and rural livestock units which employ large number of veterinary professionals, Livestock extension officers and other paraveterinary staffs. The present study has been carried out purposively in central plain zone of Uttar Pradesh to understand the availability, approachability and use of livestock information services rendered by SDAH to women farmers in four randomly selected districts from central zone. The study revealed that majority of the women farmers availed the maximum information on management of large ruminants followed by information on balance feeding, care of new born calves from veterinary officers and livestock extension officers. The maximum livestock informative services used by majority of the women farmers included information on management of large ruminants followed by information on colostrum feeding information receiving in animal health camp and information on care of new born. Statistical significant differences were found in the availability, approachability and extent of use of livestock extension services by the women farmers rendered by SDAH personnel in the four different districts of central plain zone of Uttar Pradesh.

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Sharing livestock related information through whatsapp among livestock owners: An appraisal

Sharing livestock related information through whatsapp among livestock owners: An appraisal

Title: Sharing livestock related information through whatsapp among livestock owners: An appraisal

Authors: Devesh Thakur and Mahesh Chander

Source: Ruminant Science (2016)-5(2):267-270.

Cite this reference as: Thakur Devesh and Chander Mahesh (2016). Sharing livestock related information through whatsapp among livestock owners: An appraisal. Ruminant Science 5(2):267-270.

Abstract

An experimental study was conducted among 96 WhatsApp users engaged in farming and livestock rearing in Himachal Pradesh. Most of them used WhatsApp frequently with 60.4% reported to use it, once in three days. An experimental WhatsApp group was created involving them as members. Over the six months period, substantial amount of posts (131) related to animal husbandry were shared by farmer members. Majority of these posts pertained to dairy farming and shared in the form of queries and photos. This platform offers an opportunity to deliver information in a more participative format. The animal husbandry development stakeholders should therefore explore this tool to enhance the scope and coverage of livestock extension.

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