28-Title: Radical mastectomy in sheep (Dumba)

Authors S Purohit, V Malik, S Singh, A Rajput, S Yadav, RK Singh, NK Gangwar, G Kumar and RP Pandey

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):255-256

How to cite this manuscript: Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Rajput A, Yadav S, Singh RK, Gangwar NK, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2014). Radical mastectomy in sheep (Dumba). Ruminant Science 3(2):255-256


Cable CS, Peery K and Fubini SL (2004). Radical mastectomy in 20 ruminants. Veterinary Surgery 33(3):263-266.

Gahlot TK, Jhirwal SK, Palecha Sakar, Bishnoi P and Purohit S (2007). Radical mastectomy in dromedary camels: Case reports. Journal of Camel Practice and Research 14(1):39-40.

Henderick MJ (2002). Mesenchymal tumors. In: Tumors in Domestic Animals, Eds: DJ Meuten,  4th Edn, Iowa State Press, Iowa, pp 84-85.

Jones TC and Hunt RD (1983). The skin and its appendages. In: Veterinary Pathology. 5th Edn, KM Varghese Company, Bombay. pp  1124.

Peaker M and Walker FMM (1980). Mastectomy and mammary glands in reproductive control in the goat. Nature 284:165-166.

Scott PR (2007). Sheep Medicine. 1st Edn, Manson Publishing. The Veterinary Press, London. pp 274-276.

Short RE, Bellows RA, Moody EL and Howland BE (1972). Effects of suckling and mastectomy on bovine postpartum reproduction. Journal of Animal Science 34(1):70-74.


27-Title: Surgical management of esophageal obstruction due to trichophytobezoar in adult female dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Authors: S Anwar and M Moustafa

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):251-253

How to cite this manuscript: Anwar S and Moustafa M (2014). Surgical management of esophageal obstruction due to trichophytobezoar in adult female dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius). Ruminant Science 3(2):251-253.


Church TL, Niwa JE and Clark GR (1972). The use of Thygesen’s probing in the treatment of bovine esophageal obstruction due to sugar beets. Canadian Veterinary Journal 13:226-227.

Dabas VS, Chaudhary S, Mistry JN and Singh KP (2002). Oesophageal obstruction in a camel. Indian Journal of Animal Research 36(1):78-78.

Fowler ME (2010). Medicine and Surgery of Camelids. 3rd Edn, Wiley-Blackwell: Ames, IA, USA, pp 380-381.

Gahlot TK, Jhirwal SK, Purohit S, Parashar MC (2006). Surgical treatment of oesophageal obstruction due to tricho-phytobezoar in cattle-A case report. The Indian Cow 46-47.

Haven ML (1990). Bovine esophageal surgery. Veterinary Clinical North American Food Animal Practice 6:359-369.

Jubb KVF and Kennedy PC (1963). The lower alimentary system. In: Pathology of Domestic Animals. Volume 2, Academic Press Inc, New York.

Kumar RVS, Lakshmi ND, Veena P, Sankar P and Yasotha P (2010). Surgical management of cervical esophageal obstruction in a buffalo: A case report. Buffalo Bulletin 29(2).

O’ Connor IJ (1965). In: Dollar’s Veterinary Surgery, 4th Edn, BaillierTindall and Cox, London.

Ramadan RO, Razig SA and El-Far OM (1986). Esophageal obstruction in a young camel (Camelus dromedaries). Veterinary Medical Review 1:85-89.

Ramadan RO and Abdin-Bey MR (1990). Obstruction of the esophagus in camels. Indian Veterinary Journal 67(4):363-364.

Ruben JM (1997). Surgical removal of a foreign body from the bovine esophagus. Veterinary Record 100:220-220.

Runnels RA, Monlux WS and Monlux AW (1976). Principles of Veterinary Pathology. 7th Edn, Iowa, USA, pp-357.

Siddiqui MI and Telfah MN (2010).Esophagotomy. In: A Guide Book of Camel Surgery1st Ed. Abu Dhabi Food Control Authority, United Arab Emirates, pp 83-86.

Singh P, Chandolia RK, Behl SM, Tayal R, Chawla, SK and BugaliaNS (2011). Surgical management of oesophageal obstruction in camels-Report of 5 clinical cases. Journal of Camel Practice and Research 18(2):347-349.

Smith B, Von Pfeil D, Schulz K, Klocke E, Borgarelli M and Anderson DE (2008). Unusual cause of esophageal choke: Vascular ring anomaly in an alpaca cria. Alpacas Mag. 18 (3):168-172.

Weldon AD (1993). Identifying a periesophageal hematoma as the cause of choke in a llama. Veterinary medicine (USA).


26-Title: Fetal maceration in murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A case report

Authors: Anand Kumar Pandey, Gyan Singh, Kailash Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Parveen Kumar, RN Chaudhary, Satbir Sharma and Deepak Kumar Tiwari

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):249-250

How to cite this manuscript: Pandey Anand Kumar, Singh Gyan, Kumar Kailash, Kumar Sandeep, Kumar Parveen, Chaudhary RN, Sharma Satbir and Tiwari DK (2014). Fetal maceration in murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A case report. Ruminant Science 3(2):249-250.


Awasthi MK and Tiwari RP (2002). Successful treatment of bovine foetal mummification with Iliren. The Blue Cross Book 19:26-28.

Burns TE and Card CE (2000). Fetal maceration and retention of fetal bones in a mare. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 217(6):878-80.

Dhaliwal GS, Prabhakar S, Gandotra VK, Vasesta NK and Sharma KD (1989). Maceration of fetus in a bitch. Indian Veterinary Journal 66:1172-73.

Drost M (2007). Complications during gestation in the cow. Theriogenology 68:487-91.

Kumar Pramod, Purohit GN and Mehta JS (2013). Surgical management of a macerated bovine fetus. Ruminant Science 2(1):107-108.

Long S (2001). Abnormal development of the conceptus and its consequences. In: Arthur’s Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. Eds: DE Noakes, TJ Parkinson and GCW England, 8th Edn. WS Saunders Publication. p138.

Noakes DE, Parkinson TJ and England GCW (2009). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics, 9th Edn. WB Saunders Publication. p140.

Roberts SJ (2004). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. 2nd  Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributers, New Delhi. p174.

Sood P, Vaishta NK and Singh M (2009). Use of a novel surgical approach to manage macerated fetus in a crossbred cow. Veterinary Record 165:347.


25-Title: Dicephalus, distomus, tetraopthalmus, tetrabrachius, dipus and dicaudatus monster in a Jaffrabadi buffalo: A case report

Authors: GB Solanki, KB Vala, KH Parmar, RJ Raval and JS Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):247-248

How to cite this manuscript: Solanki GB, Vala KB, Parmar KH, Raval RJ and Patel JS (2014). Dicephalus, distomus, tetraopthalmus, tetrabrachius, dipus and dicaudatus monster in a Jaffrabadi buffalo: A case report. Ruminant Science 3(2):247-248.


Pandit RK, Pandey SK and Agrawal RG (1994). A case of dystocia due to diplopagus monster in goat. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 15(2):82.

Patel BR, Siddiquee GM, Desai SB, Solanki KG and Solanki GB (2012a). A rare case of conjoined twin monster in Mehsana buffalo-A case report. Ruminant Science 1(1):95-96.

Patel BR, Siddiquee GM, Mevada VK, Ankuya KJ and Patel JS (2012b). Dystocia due to dicephalus distomus monster in a Mehsani buffalo. Ruminant Science 1(2):197-198.

Roberts SJ (2004). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. CBS Publishers and Distributors, Delhi, India.

Sloss V and Dufty JH (1980). Hand Book of Bovine Obstetrics. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, London.

Fazali MR (2012). Dicephalus atlodymus monster calf delivered by cesarean section-A case report. Ruminant Science 1(1):97-98.

Vegad JL (2007). Textbook of Veterinary General Pathology. 2nd Edn, International Book Distribution Company.


24-Title: Effect of different therapies on estrus expression of subestrus crossbred cows

Authors: AK Singh, SP Shukla, SP Nema and MK Shukla

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):245-246

How to cite this manuscript: Singh AK, Shukla SP, Nema SP and Shukla MK (2014). Effect of different therapies on estrus expression of subestrus crossbred cows. Ruminant Science 3(2):245-246.


The present study was conducted on forty subestrus crossbred cows were randomly divided into four groups of ten animals each, to study the efficacy of different therapeutic regimes on management of subestrus in crossbred cows. Group I received intramuscular injection of 0.210 mg GnRH (Buserelin acetate) single dose, group II received intramuscular 0.980 mg of PGF2 á (Tiaprost trometamol) single dose, group III received lugol’s iodine paint on external OS-Uteri. While group IV served as control which not received any treatment. The interval between treatments to occurrence of estrus was 12.31±1.59, 3.33±0.85, 6.57±1.00 days and no estrus during the period of observation (60 days) with a fertility rate of 50, 66.66, 57.14 and zero, respectively. The numbers of animals detected in estrus in four groups were, 8, 9, 7 and zero, respectively.


Arthur GH, Noakes DE and Pearson H (1989). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 6th Edn. English Language Book Society, Bailliere, Tindal, London, pp 354-355.

Bosu WTK (1982). The use of GnRH in bovine reproduction. Compendium of Continuing Education 14(2):555-562.

Galhotra AP, Bhaskar VV and Gautam OP (1970). Clinical efficacy of prajna, Lugol’s paint and utero-ovarians massage in anoestrus cows. Indian Veterinary Journal 60(12)1019-1020.

Hafez ESE and Hafez B (2000). Reproduction in Farm Animals. 7th Edn, Lipincott Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, USA. pp 159-171.

Kharche SD and SK Srivastava (2002). Efficacy of Tiaprost using different doses and routes of administration for oestrus synchro nization and fertility in crossbred cattle. Compendium of 9th International Congress on Biotechnology in Animal Reproduction. p 255.

Patil JS, Bugalia NS, Sinha AK, Khanna AS and Chopra SC (1983). Clinical efficacy of prajna, Lugol’s paint and utero-ovarians massage in anoestrus cows. Indian Veterinary Journal 60(12):1019-1020.

Peter AT (2002). Management of postpartum anoestrus in bovines. Compendium of 9th International Congress on Biotechnology in Animal Reproduction. p 130.

Rao AVN (1997). Treatment of anoestrus cows and buffaloes with, gonadotrophin releasing hormone used singly or in combination with oestradiol 17. Indian Veterinary Journal 74:938-939.

Ryot KD, Sharma BK and Panwar CD (1990). Studies on effect of iodine therapy in anoestrus bovines.  Indian Journal of Animal Research 11(2):144-145.

Sharma A, Singh M, Vasishta NK and Sood P (2002). Comparative efficacy of different preparation of gonadotrophin releasing hormone administrated though different rout on conception rate following artificial insemination in cattle. Compendium of 9th international congress on Biotechnology in Animal Reproduction. p 268.

Sirmour SK (1999). Therapeutic and biochemical studies in anoestrus crossbred heifer. MVSc Thesis submitted to JNKVV, Jabalpur (MP)


23-Title: Parturition related metabolic disorders in buffaloes: A 10 year case analysis

Authors: GN Purohit, Swati Ruhil, Mamta Daga, M Gaur, DK Bihani and Anil Ahuja

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):241-244

How to cite this manuscript: Purohit GN, Ruhil Swati, Daga Mamta, Gaur M, Bihani DK and Ahuja Anil (2014). Parturition related metabolic disorders in buffaloes: A 10 year case analysis. Ruminant Science 3(2):241-244.


With an objective to evaluate the relative frequency of different parturition related metabolic disorders in buffaloes ten years clinical records of our referral center (2004-2013) and Livestock Research Station on Surti buffalo (2001-2011) were analyzed. From 729 buffaloes presented for different types of therapies 39.23% buffaloes were presented for parturition related metabolic disorders (2.60% milk fever, 16.59% ketosis and 20.02% parturient hemoglobinuria) whereas at our university farm no single case of these disorders was recorded from 529 calving of the Surti buffaloes. Of the 146 buffaloes presented with parturient hemoglobinuria during this period a major proportion (63.01%) were presented during the immediate post partum period whereas a smaller proportion (36.98%) were presented 1-2 months prepartum. Clinical cases of milk fever in buffalo required minimal therapy with most buffaloes recovering in 1.11±0.10 days of therapy with IV calcium borogluconate whereas ketosis affected buffaloes required 2.38±0.08 days of IV therapy with 25% dextrose along with other supportive therapy. Buffaloes with parturient hemoglobinuria required 3.48±0.14 days of therapy with 60 gm of sodium acid phosphate dissolved in normal saline administered IV along with ascorbic acid and supportive therapy for complete recovery. It was concluded that parturient hemoglobinuria is the most common parturient metabolic disorder in buffaloes, followed by clinical ketosis and milk fever and these can be avoided by proper care. Pregnant buffaloes with parturient hemoglobinuria are at increased risk of abortion.


Ambrosio R, Sannino M, Cortese L, Clemente N, Daniela A and Michele C (2009). Validation and application of an immunofluorimetric assay for detection of serum free triiodothyronine and free thyroxine concentrations in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) under various physiological conditions. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 21:668-673. 

Anantwar LG and Singh B (1992). Treatment of clinical ketosis in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Indian Veterinary Journal 69:446-448.

Anantwar LG and Singh B (1993). Epidemiology, clinic-pathology and treatment of clinical ketosis in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Indian Veterinary Journal 70:152-156. 

Anantwar LG and Singh B (1994). Epidemiology, clinico-pathology and treatment of sub clinical ketosis in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Indian Veterinary Journal 71:56-60.

Bhikane AU, Anantwar LG and Bhokre AP (2004). Incidence clinicopathology and treatment of hemoglobinuria in buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 81:192-197. 

Campanile G, Di Palo R and D’Angelo A (1997). Profilo metabolic nel buffalo Bubalus bubalis (Suppl 4):236-249. 

Cheema RA, Ijaz GR, Chaudhry NI and Ashfaque M (1980). Studies on epizootiology of parturient hemoglobinuria in a part of Punjab province. Pakistan Journal of Animal Science 2:11-16.

Ciaramella P, Piantedos D, De Luna R, Oliva G, Consalvo F and Persechino A (2000). Biochemical indicators of bone metabolic activity in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) during late pregnancy and early lactation. Journal of Veterinary Medicine A 47:431-437.

Durrani AZ, Kamal N, Shakoori AR and Younus RH (2010). Prevalence of post parturient hemoglobinuria in buffalo and therapeutic trials with toldimfos sodium and tea leaves in Pakistan. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 34:45-51.

Franzolin R and Alves TC (2010). The ruminal physiology in buffalo compared with cattle. Revista Veterinaria 21:104-109.  

Grasso F, Terzano GM, Rosa G De, Quarantelli T, Serpe L and Bordi A (2004). Influence of housing conditions and calving distance on blood metabolites in water buffalo cows. Italian Journal of Animal Science 3:275-282.

Gupta SR, Bihani DK, Singh AP, Tanwar RK and Fakhruddin (2010). Clinical studies on post parturient hemoglobinuria in buffaloes. Veterinary Practitioner 11:127-129.

Jalali MT, Nouri M, Rasooli A, Haji H, Shahryari A and Shirazi MR (2011). Hepatic triacylglycerols and serum non-esterified fatty acids (NEF A) variations in indigenous water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in the province of Khuzestan, Iran. International Journal of Veterinary Research 5:151-155. 

Khatri P, Das D, Kaka I, Samo U and Bhutto B (2013). Influence of environmental temperature on postpartum reproductive potential of Kundhi buffaloes. Journal of Veterinary Advances 3:139-145.

Mahmood A, Khan MA, Younus MK, Khan MA, Iqbal J and Ahad A (2012). Case-control study of parturient hemoglobinuria in buffaloes. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 32:375-377. 

Maiti SK and Sharma N (2004). Successful treatment of clinical ketosis in two buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin 23:3-4.

Mandali GC, Dave MR, Raval SK (1993). Clinico pathological studies in post parturient paresis in buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 70:739-740.

Monteiro BM, Yasouka MM, Pogliani FC, Ayres H, Viana RB and Birgel EH (2012). Lipid and glucose profiles of dairy buffaloes during lactation and dry period. Revue de Ciencia Agraria 55:33-39. 

Muhammad GA, Nazir MZ, Khan M, Sarwar M and Zubair M (2000). Some epidemiological features of bovine parturient hemoglobinuria in Punjab province of Pakistan. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 53:216-221. 

Neto FR, Filho NJ, Oliviera MEM (1991). Efetios de dietas com diferentesniveis d protein sobre as protozoarios no rumen de bufalos (Bubalus bubalis). Pesq Agropec Brasiliera 26:487-493.

Patel JS, Patel PR and Panchasara HH (2003). Effect of calcium therapy on biological parameters in parturient paretic buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 80:90-92. 

Patel MG and Jadhav (2003). Metabolic profile of apparently heal thy buffaloes from areas of high and low incidence of post parturient hypocalcemia. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 23:27-28.

Purohit GN, Gaur M, Saraswat CS and Dihani BK (2013). Metabolic disorders in the parturient buffalo. In: Bubaline Theriogenology. Eds: GN Purohit, International Veterinary Information Service, Ithaca NY (www.ivis.org), Last updated: 8-Oct-2013; A5721.1013

Rana JP and Bhardwaj RM (1988). Relationship of intraerythrocytic ATP and membrane phospholipids to red cell shape in hemoglobinuric buffaloes. Proceedings II World Buffalo Congress New Delhi IV:178-184. 

Rautmare SS, Anantwar LG and Singh B (1989). Prevalence of ketosis in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 9:28.

Rautmare SS and Anantwar LG (1993). Prevalence, biochemistry and treatment of clinical ketosis in buffaloes. Buffalo Bulletin 12:81-84.

Sebastian L, Mudgal VD and Nair PG (1970). Comparative efficiency of milk production by Sahiwal cattle and Murrah buffalo. Journal of Animal Science 30:253-256.

Sharma KC, Sachdeva KU and Singh S (2000). A comparative gross and lipid composition of Murrah breed of buffalo and cross bred cows milk during different lactation stages. Archives Tierz Dummerstorf 43:123-130.

Sheikh GN, Kumar K and Singh K (1997). Some observations on the prevalence of primary ketosis in buffaloes. Haryana Veterinarian 36:26-29.

Singh B, Gautam OP and Sarup S (1974). Some biochemical and clinical aspects of milk fever (par turient paresis) in buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 51:642-645.

Singh M, Randhawa SS and Randhawa CS (1994). Clinical symptoms and epidemiological studies on parturient paretic buffaloes in the state of Punjab. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 46:564-567.

Singh RI, Bhardwaj RK and Saran RS (2012). Hypophosphatemia in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) from hilly areas of Jammu division. Indian Veterinary Journal 89:39-42.


22-Title: Therapeutic evaluation of ascorbic acid and manganese chloride as antioxidants during diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in buffaloes

Authors: KN Joshi, PB Patel, BN Suthar, BJ Patel, JJ Parmar and MS Gami

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):237-239

How to cite this manuscript: Joshi KN, Patel PB, Suthar BN, Patel BJ, Parmar JJ and Gami MS (2014). Therapeutic evaluation of ascorbic acid and manganese chloride as antioxidants during diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy in buffaloes. Ruminant Science 3(2):237-239.


The present study was conducted on 12 clinical cases of diaphragmatic hernia in buffaloes. The study was conducted in 2 groups; viz. Group-I (n=6) in which animals were given ascorbic acid @ 5 g (total dose) and in Group-II (n=6) Manganese chloride (MnCl2) was administered @ 5 mg/kg body weight in one litre of normal saline solution (NSS) intravenously. Blood samples were used for estimation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in erythrocytes immediately after the collection prior to herniorrhaphy (at 24 hours) and then at 48, 72 and 96 hours after rumenotomy prior to rumenotomy and prior to herniorrhaphy (at 24 hours) and then at 48, 72 and 96 hours after rumenotomy.  Ascorbic acid @ 5 g (total dose) intravenously compared to MnCl2 (@ 5 mg/kg body weight intravenously) before and after rumenotomy (at 24, 48, 72 and 96 hour post operative) more efficiently ameliorates the pre and post operative oxidative stress.


Bernabucci U, Ronchi B, Lacetera N and Nardone A (2005). Influence of body condition score on relationships between metabolic status and oxidative stress in periparturient dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 88:2017-2026.

Bisla RS and Singh J (2006). Complications of Manganese chloride used in buffaloes subjected to diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 27(1):24-26.

Bisla RS, Singh J and Krishanamurthy D (2002). Assessment of oxidative stress in buffaloes suffering from diaphragmatic hernia. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 23(2):77-80.

Bisla RS, Singh J, Chawla SK and Krishanamurthy D (2004). Assessment of ascorbic acid as an anti-oxidant in buffaloes during diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 25(2):94-97.

Bisla RS, Singh J, Tayal R, Singh S and Krishanamurthy D (2003). Assessment of oxidative stress in diaphragmatic hernia affected buffaloes subjected to trans-abdominal diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 24(2):92-94.

Madesh M and Balasubramanian KA (1998). Microtiter plate assay for superoxide-dismutase using mtt reduction by superoxide. Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics 35(3):184-188.

Patel JB (2011). Therapeutic management of oxidative stress during diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy without positive pressure ventilation in buffaloes. MVSc thesis submitted to SDAU, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat, India.

Shafiq-ur-Rehman (1984). Lead-induced regional lipid peroxidation in brain. Toxicology Letters 21:333-338.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG (1994). Statistical Methods. 7th Edn. Iowa State University Press. IOWA, USA.

Udehiya RK, Singh SS, Mohindroo J, Kumar A, Raghunath M and Saini NS (2013). Retrospective study on relative efficacy of haemato-biochemical, radiographic and ultrasonographic changes in diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia in bovines. Ruminant Science 2(1):89-95.


21-Title: Diagnosis of mycotic mastitis in cow

Authors: Anil Langer, Anil Ahuja and DK Bihani

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):235-236

How to cite this manuscript: Langer Anil, Ahuja Anil and Bihani DK (2014). Diagnosis of mycotic mastitis in cow. Ruminant Science 3(2):235-236.


The present study was conducted on 71 cattle suffering from clinical mastitis with no or poor response to antibiotics therapy. Milk samples were cultured for confirmation of mycotic mastitis and found 17 (23.9%) positive cases. Milk culture revealed 12 (16.9%) isolates of Candida albicans and 5 (7.04%) isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus. These isolates were tested for their sensitivity toward different probiotic strains from different sources. Results revealed that Lactobacillus acidophilus from goat colostrums followed by L. acidophilus from mare colostrums showed the best antifungal activities against C. albicans followed by A. fumigatus.


Abd El-Halim MM (1979). Studies on mycotic mastitis. MVSc Thesis submitted to Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

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Gaudie CM, Wragg PN and Barber AM (2009). Outbreak of disease due to Candida krusei in a smalldairy herd in the UK. Veterinary Record 165:535-537.

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Kumar V, Patel JS, Patel BR, Mevada VK and Raval AP (2012). Therapeutic efficacy of the antimicrobial drugs in clinical mastitis of cross bres cattle. Ruminant Science 1(2):177-180.

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20-Title: Effect of different levels of lactobacillus acidophilus culture on carcass traits and meat quality of Malpura lambs

Authors: YP Gadekar, AK Shinde, NM Soren and SA Karim

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):229-234.

How to cite this manuscript: Gadekar YP, Shinde AK, Soren NM and Karim SA (2014). Effect of different levels of lactobacillus acidophilus culture on carcass traits and meat quality of Malpura lambs. Ruminant Science 3(2): 229-234.


Twenty four Malpura lambs (Body Weight, 3.3 kg; Average age 13.6 days), equally divided into four groups were supplemented with different doses of Lactobacillus acidophilus culture (3.6×109 cells/ml concentrations) at 0 (control); 1.0 (T1); 1.5 (T2) and 2.0 ml/kg body wt (T3). Lambs were slaughtered at the age of 180 days to assess carcass attributes and meat quality. Average pre-slaughter weight was 23.82 ±1.42, 28.32±1.89, 29.12±0.96 and 29.48±1.99 kg for control, T1, T2 and T3 respectively and was significantly higher (P<0.05) in T3 group. Dressing percentage on empty live weight (ELW) was 56.95±0.89% in control, 57.33±0.43% in T1, 58.56±0.95% in T2 and 57.94±0.94 % in T3 group respectively. Loin eye area was comparable. Average lean content in carcass for control, T1, T2, and T3 was 54.12±0.64, 54.30±1.35, 55.29±1.99 and 55.56±1.28 %, respectively. Average fat content varied between 17-19%. Dissected bone percentage was between and 23-25%. Meat: bone ratio was highest (2.40±14) in T2 group. Lean: fat ratio was 3.22±0.20, 2.93±0.21, 3.37±0.52 and 3.53±0.52 for control, T1, T2 and T3, respectively. The cooking losses and water holding capacity were comparable. The shear force values of mutton for control, T1, T2 and T3 groups were 2.12±0.14, 2.46±0.18, 2.03±0.50 and 1.86±0.25 kg/cm2, respectively. The present study suggested that supplementation of Lactobacillus acidophilus culture to growing Malpura lambs significantly improved weight gain without affecting carcass traits and meat quality.


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19-Title: Study of changes in haematological parameters during different lactations in Toggenberg goats

Authors: Ishfaq Hassan Bhat and Jonali Devi

Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):221-227

How to cite this manuscript: Bhat Ishfaq Hassan and Devi Jonali (2014). Study of changes in haematological parameters during different lactations in Toggenberg goats. Ruminant Science 3(2):221-227


The investigation was undertaken to study some haematological parameters during different stages in different lactations in Toggenberg goats. These included control group, consisting of dry goats and group I, II, III and IV containing goats in 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th lactation period. Further each lactation period was divided into early, mid and late stage. Blood samples were collected at one month interval in all the groups. Samples collected in first two months was considered as early stage, 3rd and 4th months are considered as mid and 5th and 6th months as late lactation stage. Blood samples were analyzed by using conventional methods for various haematological parameters. Haemoglobin, TEC, erytrocytic indices and TLC showed decreasing trend form early to late stage. PCV percentage at early stage was significantly higher (P<0.05) as compared to the values of late lactation in group I, II and IV. Significantly higher neutrophil percentage was recorded in early and mid stage, whereas, lymphocyte percentage was higher during late lactation. Hb, PCV, TEC levels were lower, whereas, significantly higher (P<0.05) TLC was found in lactation as compared to dry stage. Percentage of neutrophils was significantly higher while lymphocyte percentage significantly lower in lactating goats. Significantly lower MCV levels were found in groups I, II and III as compared to control group; on the other hand, MCH value was significantly higher in 2nd and 3rd lactation and MCHC higher in all lactating groups as compared to other groups.


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