30-Title: Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat

30-Title: Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat

Authors: Dinesh Kumar Sunwasiya, Lokesh Gautam, Vishnu Kumar and Pankaj Garhwal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):145-150.


How to cite this manuscript: Sunwasiya Dinesh Kumar, Gautam Lokesh, Kumar Vishnu and Garhwal Pankaj (2020). Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 9(1):145-150.


The present study aimed to determine the most suitable model among four non-linear growth curve model viz., Brody, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz, Richards, Weibull and Logistic used for describing the growth curve. The data set used in this study was obtained from All India Co-ordinated Research Project (AICRP) on goat improvement, Livestock Research Station, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India and included 340 male and 715 female kid’s body weight records measured at birth to 12th months of age in every three months interval during the year from 2009 to 2017.  Non-linear growth curve models viz., Brody, Gompertz, Logistic, Richards, Weibull and Von-Bertalanffy were used to estimate the growth curve parameters. The lowest MAE, MAPE, AICc and (Chi-square) values were observed in Brody model. The males had higher asymptotic live weight (“A”) than female. The higher values for (“B”) parameter were observed for Weibull in males, whereas the lowest values were calculated from Bertalanffy model. Maturity rate (“K”) was equal in males and females. It can be concluded that non-linear growth models were suitable for estimating live weight as a function of age for male, female and both sexes of Sirohi goat. Brody was found to be best followed by Richards, Weibull, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz and Logistic models basis on to the goodness of fit statistics. Evaluation of different growth equations used in this study indicated the potential of the non-linear functions for fitting body weight records of Sirohi goat.


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3-Title: Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle

Authors: Renu, PK Boyal, S Rani and H Dadhich

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):15-20.


How to cite this manuscript: Renu, Boyal PK, Rani S and Dadhich H (2020). Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):15-20.


The present study was conducted on 895 cattle of different age groups, sex and breeds to find out the incidence, types and pattern of pneumonia.  Out of these 895 specimens, 180 (20.11 per cent) samples showed gross lesions suggestive of pneumonia and were further used for histopathological evaluation. Different forms of pneumonia were observed as bronchopneumonia (18.33 per cent), fibrinous pneumonia (10.56 per cent), catarrhal pneumonia (3.33 per cent), interstitial pneumonia (58.33 per cent), aspiration pneumonia (4.44 per cent) and haemorrhagic pneumonia (5.00 per cent). Grossly, affected lungs were congested or haemorrhagic, oedematous and reddish black or deep-red to reddish-brown in colour. The cut surface was either moist with oozing of blood tinged fluid or dry and granular. Microscopically, lungs revealed congestion, oedema, organisation, areas of necrosis along with infiltrations of mononuclear or polymorphonuclear cells and fibrosis in and around the bronchioles and thickening of interalveolar or interlobular septa.


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Ruminant Science (2020) 9(1)

1-Title: Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle

Authors: Nora Mimoune, Mohammed Hocine Benaissa, Ratiba Baazizi, Saidi Radhwane, Azzouz Mohamed Yassine, Belarbi Ayed and Kaidi Rachid

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):1-6.


How to cite this manuscript: Mimoune Nora, Benaissa Mohammed Hocine, Baazizi Ratiba, Radhwane Saidi, Yassine Azzouz Mohamed, Ayed Belarbi and Rachid Kaidi (2020). Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):1-6.


The present work aimed to determine the specific cellular localisation via immunohistochemistry of some factors (VEGF, Bcl, vimentin, Bax, Cyclin D1) that may be involved in the formation and/or persistence of ovarian cysts (OC) in cattle. A total of 300 ovaries were collected and evaluated by histological and immunohistochemical studies. OC showed strong positive reactions with vimentin, inhibin á subunit, VEGF and Bcl-2 antibodies in cystic walls. It is concluded that the abnormal changes in the expression of some intraovarian regulators might lead to follicle dysfunction and the cyst formation in cattle.


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Mimoune Nora, Kaidi Rachid, Guedioura Abdelmoumène, Benaissa Mohamed Hocine and Azzouz Mohamed Yassine (2018). Characterization of ovarian follicular and cystic fluids in cows. Veterinaria 67:2.

Mimoune N, Baazizi R, Azzouz MY, Benaissa MH and Kaidi R (2019). Basic and new concepts of ovarian cyst pathogenesis in cattle. Veterinaria 68:2.

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Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant, Rani Sunita and Dadhich Rohitash (2016b). Pathology of adenomyosis in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 5(2):263-264.

Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant and Rani Sunita (2018).Occurrence and pathomorphology of follicular cyst in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 7(1):149-150.

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44-Title: Surgical management of degenerated nasal bones in a crossbred cow

Authors: Tarunbir Singh, Simrat Sagar Singh, Jitender Mohindroo, Mulinti Raghunath, Pallavi Verma, Navdeep Singh and Narinder Singh Saini

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):205-207.


How to cite this manuscript: Singh Tarunbir, Singh Simrat Sagar, Mohindroo Jitender, Raghunath Mulinti, Verma Pallavi, Singh Navdeep and Saini Narinder Singh (2020). Surgical management of degenerated nasal bones in a crossbred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):205-207.


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Radostits OM, Clive CG, Hinchcliff KW and Constable PD (2007). Veterinary Medicine: A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats. 10th Edn, WB Saunders Company.

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43-Title: Diagnosis and surgical management of reticular abscess in two buffaloes

Authors: Dinesh, Ram Niwas, Sandeep Kumar, Priyanka and Sandeep Saharan

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):203-204.


How to cite this manuscript: Dinesh, Niwas Ram, Kumar Sandeep, Priyanka and Saharan Sandeep (2020). Diagnosis and surgical management of reticular abscess in two buffaloes. Ruminant Science 9(1):203-204.


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Kumar A, Sangwan V, Mohindroo J, Singh SS, Saini NS, Chachra D and Kaur G (2008). Diagnostic and prognostic indicators, antibacterial sensitivity pattern and surgical treatment of perireticular abscess in cows and buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 78(12):1329-1332.

Pal M and Tayal R (2019). Comparison of ultrasonography and radiography for the diagnosis of reticular abscess in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 40(1):26-29.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2015). Surgical management of various rumen affections in cattle and buffaloes. Ruminant Science 4(2):357-260.

Saini NS, Kumar A, Mohindroo J, Singh SS, Anand A, Mahajan SK, Raghunath M, Chaudhary M, Singh N and Toor AS (2005). Clinical feature and survival in reticular abscessation in buffaloes. Buffalo Journal 21:165-72.

Tanwar Mahendra, Gahlot TK, Palecha Sakar and Bishnoi P (2016). Diagnosis of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in bovines using computed radiography. Ruminant Science 5(2):301-305.


42-Title: Acute gangrenous and haemorrhagic mastitis due to bacillus species in a preparturient cow

Authors: S Saravanan and KM Palanivel

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):199-201.


How to cite this manuscript: Saravanan S and Palanivel KM (2020). Acute gangrenous and haemorrhagic mastitis due to bacillus species in a preparturient cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):199-201.


Alsaad KM, Muhsen RK and Lafta MH (2018). Gangrenous mastitis with hemolactia of local buffalo breed-A case report. Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 6(6):178-184.

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Diwakar, Akriti, Choudhary Sunita, Meena Dhirendra, Bhati Taruna and Kataria AK (2019). Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of some Staphylococcus aureus isolates from milk from goats with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 8(1):19-22.

George LW, Divers TJ, Ducharme N and Welcome FL (2008). Diseases of the teats and udder. In: Rebhun’s Diseases of Dairy Cattle. Eds: TJ Divers and SF Peek. 2nd Edn, Saunders-Elsevier Publishers, St. Louis, USA. pp 335.

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Kumar Vaibhav, Patel JS, Patel BR, Mevada VK and Raval AP (2012). Therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial drugs in clinical mastitis of cross bred cattle. Ruminant Science 1(2):177-180.

Monsang Shongsir Warson, Devi N Umeshwori, Kumar Mritunjay and Saikia Bina (2017). Partial mastectomy to manage the gangrenous mastitis in a cow. Ruminant Science 6(1):191-192.  

Phiri AM, Muleya W and Mwape KE (2010). Management of chronic gangrenous mastitis in a 3-year-old cow using partial (quarter) mastectomy. Tropical Animal Health Production 42:1057-61.

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Shafi TA, Gupta DK and Bansal BK (2015). Diagnosis and treatment of gangrenous mastitis in crossbred cows. Intas Polivet 16(II):276-279.

Singh Pawanjit, Nigam Rajesh, Kumar Amit and Pandey Vijay (2018). Isolation and molecular characterization of pathogens associated with mastitis in Sahiwal cows. Ruminant Science 7(1):43-46.

Sunita, Diwakar and Kataria AK (2017). Antibiotic resistance pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from milk of cattle with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 6(2):319-322.


41-Title: Therapeutic management of bony form of actinomycosis (Actinomyces bovis) in a crossbred cow

Authors: SA Arif, M Pathak, U Barman, D Lahkar, NA Kader, MK Nath and D Barman

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):197-198.


How to cite this manuscript: Arif SA, Pathak M, Barman U, Lahkar D, Kader NA, Nath MK and Barman D (2020). Therapeutic management of bony form of actinomycosis (Actinomyces bovis) in a crossbred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):197-198.


Iqbal A, Mustafa G, Tripathi AK, Soodan JS and Irfan M (2012). Management of Actinomycosis in Bovines. International Journal of Livestock Research 2(1):226-229.

Lerner PL (1988). The lumpy jaw, cervico-facial Actinomycosis. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 2(1):203-220.

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC, Hinchcliff KW and Constable PD (2010). Veterinary Medicine. 10th Edn, Saunders-Elsevier, New York, USA, p 935.

Sarma DK, Boro PK, Borthakur B, Sharma M, Das Papyia and Kakati P (2015). Therapeutic management of two forms of Actinomycosis in two different cattle. International Journal of Current Research 7(9):20712-20713

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Watts TC, Olson SM and Rhodes CS (1973). Treatment of bovine actinomycosis with isoniazid. Canadian Veterinary Journal 14(9)223-224.


40-Title: Surgical management of dystocia due to dicephalic and arthrogryposis monster in a cross bred cow

Authors: Chhavi Gupta, M Murugan and R Ramprabhu

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):195-196.


How to cite this manuscript: Gupta Chhavi, Murugan M and Ramprabhu R (2020). Surgical management of dystocia due to dicephalic and arthrogryposis monster in a cross bred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):195-196.


Agerholm JS, Bendixen C, Andersen O and Arnbjerg J (2001). Complex vertebral malformation in Holstein calves.  Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 13:283-289.

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Patel BR, Siddiquee GM, Mevada VK, Ankuya KJ and Patel JS (2012b). Dystocia due to dicephalus distomus monster in a Mehsani buffalo. Ruminant Science 1(2):197-198.

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