8-Title: Seasonal prevalence of amphistomosis in ruminants in Sikkim
Authors: Papri Pal, LR Chatlod and RK Avasthe
Source: Ruminant Science (2014)-3(2):171-175.
How to cite this manuscript: Pal Papri, Chatlod LR and Avasthe RK (2014). Seasonal prevalence of amphistomosis in ruminants in Sikkim. Ruminant Science 3(2):171-175.
Seasonal prevalence of amphistomosis in ruminants viz., cattle, goats and sheep were carried out in Sikkim during April 2008 to March 2010 using standard parasitological procedure. Coprological examination of 3920 cattle, 3342 goats and 591 sheep revealed an overall prevalence of 6.56%, 3.56% and 7.08% infection, respectively. Overall seasonal incidence revealed that the animals were most affected during summer (7.11%) and autumn season (6.28%) and least during winter dry season (2.52%). Monthly prevalence of amphistomosis indicated highest prevalence in cattle (12.11%) and sheep (11.86%) in the month of June and goats (6.13%) in August. There were no significant differences in abundance rates between sexes of animals. Based on the observations it may be suggested that animals should not be allowed to graze near moistured pasture during summer i.e., in the rainy season and also in post – rainy season and effective anthelmintics might be given at least twice a year, once during April to May and again in July to September.
Galdhar CN and Roy S (2005). Studies on prevalence of bovine paramphistomiasis in Chattisgarh state. Indian Veterinary Journal 82:938-940.
Hassan SS, Kaur K, Joshi K and Juyal PD (2005). Epidemiology of paramphistomosis in domestic ruminants in different districts of Punjab and adjoining areas. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 19:43-46.
Keyyu JD, Monrad J, Kyvsgaard NC, and Kassuku AA (2005). Epidemiology of Fasciola gigantica and amphistomes in cattle in traditional, small scale dairy and large scale dairy farms in the Southern islands of Tanzania. Tropical Animal Health Production 37:303-314.
Manna AK, Pramanik S and Mukherjee GS (1994). Incidence of paramphistomosis in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Animal Health 33:87-89.
Pfukenyi D, Muktaratirwa S, Willingham AL and Monrad J (2005). Epidemiological studies of amphistome infections in cattle in the highveld and lowveld communal grazing areas of Zimbabwe. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 72:67-86.
Phiri AM, Chota A and Phiri IK (2007). Seasonal pattern of bovine amphistomosis in traditionally reared cattle in the Kafue and Zambezi catchment areas of Zambia. Tropical Animal Health Production 39:97-102.
Phiri AM, Phiri IK and Monrad J (2005a). Prevalence of amphistomosis and its association to Fasciola gigantica infection in Zambian cattle from communal grazing areas. Journal of Helminthology 80:65-68.
Phiri AM, Phiri IK, Siziya S, Sikasunge CS and Monrad J (2005b). Seasonal pattern of bovine fasciolosis in the Kafue and Zambezi catchment areas of Zambia. Veterinary Parasitology 134:87-92.
Rahman H, Pal P, Bandyopadhyay S and Chatlod LR (2012). Epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasitism in goats in Sikkim. Indian Journal Animal Science 82(4):355-358.
Rangel-Ruiz LJ, Albores-Brahms ST and Gamboa-Anguilar J (2003). Seasonal trends of Paramphistomum cervi in Tabasco. Mexico Veterinary Parasitology 116:217-232.
Shabih HS and Juyal PD (2006). Epidemiological observations of Paramphistmosis in ruminants in endemic regions of Punjab and adjoining state (India). Proceedings of the 11th International Symphosium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics.
Soulsby EJL (1982). Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th Edn, ELBS and Baillire, Tindall, London, pp 809.
Tariq K, Chisti MZ, Ahmad F and Shawl AS (2008). The epidemiology of paramphistomosis of sheep (Ovis aries L.) in the North West temperate Himalayan region of India. Veterinary Research Communication 32:383-391.
Uddin MZ, Farzana T, Begum N and Mondal MMH (2006). Prevalence of amphistomes in black Bengal goats in Mymensingh district. Bengladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 4(2):103-106.
Yadav CL, Kumar RR, Vatsya S and Garg R (2010). Prevalence of amphistomosis in ruminants in national capital region, Delhi. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 24(2):125-127.
Yadav A, Khajuria JK and Raina AK (2006). Seasonal prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep and goats of Jammu. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 20:65-68.