30

30-Title: Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat

Authors: Dinesh Kumar Sunwasiya, Lokesh Gautam, Vishnu Kumar and Pankaj Garhwal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):145-150.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Sunwasiya Dinesh Kumar, Gautam Lokesh, Kumar Vishnu and Garhwal Pankaj (2020). Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 9(1):145-150.

Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the most suitable model among four non-linear growth curve model viz., Brody, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz, Richards, Weibull and Logistic used for describing the growth curve. The data set used in this study was obtained from All India Co-ordinated Research Project (AICRP) on goat improvement, Livestock Research Station, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India and included 340 male and 715 female kid’s body weight records measured at birth to 12th months of age in every three months interval during the year from 2009 to 2017.  Non-linear growth curve models viz., Brody, Gompertz, Logistic, Richards, Weibull and Von-Bertalanffy were used to estimate the growth curve parameters. The lowest MAE, MAPE, AICc and (Chi-square) values were observed in Brody model. The males had higher asymptotic live weight (“A”) than female. The higher values for (“B”) parameter were observed for Weibull in males, whereas the lowest values were calculated from Bertalanffy model. Maturity rate (“K”) was equal in males and females. It can be concluded that non-linear growth models were suitable for estimating live weight as a function of age for male, female and both sexes of Sirohi goat. Brody was found to be best followed by Richards, Weibull, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz and Logistic models basis on to the goodness of fit statistics. Evaluation of different growth equations used in this study indicated the potential of the non-linear functions for fitting body weight records of Sirohi goat.

References

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Zhang CY, Zhang DQ Xu, Xiang Li, Jie Su and Yang LG (2009). Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for growth trait in Boer goat.  Livestock Science 124:66-71.

3

3-Title: Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle

Authors: Renu, PK Boyal, S Rani and H Dadhich

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):15-20.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Renu, Boyal PK, Rani S and Dadhich H (2020). Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):15-20.

Abstract

The present study was conducted on 895 cattle of different age groups, sex and breeds to find out the incidence, types and pattern of pneumonia.  Out of these 895 specimens, 180 (20.11 per cent) samples showed gross lesions suggestive of pneumonia and were further used for histopathological evaluation. Different forms of pneumonia were observed as bronchopneumonia (18.33 per cent), fibrinous pneumonia (10.56 per cent), catarrhal pneumonia (3.33 per cent), interstitial pneumonia (58.33 per cent), aspiration pneumonia (4.44 per cent) and haemorrhagic pneumonia (5.00 per cent). Grossly, affected lungs were congested or haemorrhagic, oedematous and reddish black or deep-red to reddish-brown in colour. The cut surface was either moist with oozing of blood tinged fluid or dry and granular. Microscopically, lungs revealed congestion, oedema, organisation, areas of necrosis along with infiltrations of mononuclear or polymorphonuclear cells and fibrosis in and around the bronchioles and thickening of interalveolar or interlobular septa.

References

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Saini Paras, Patil Rajendra Damu, Asrani Rajesh Kumar and Gupta Vipan Kumar (2019). Pathology of spontaneously occurring lung affections in goats: A slaughterhouse study. Ruminant Science 8(2):213-216.

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1

Ruminant Science (2020) 9(1)

1-Title: Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle

Authors: Nora Mimoune, Mohammed Hocine Benaissa, Ratiba Baazizi, Saidi Radhwane, Azzouz Mohamed Yassine, Belarbi Ayed and Kaidi Rachid

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):1-6.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Mimoune Nora, Benaissa Mohammed Hocine, Baazizi Ratiba, Radhwane Saidi, Yassine Azzouz Mohamed, Ayed Belarbi and Rachid Kaidi (2020). Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):1-6.

Abstract

The present work aimed to determine the specific cellular localisation via immunohistochemistry of some factors (VEGF, Bcl, vimentin, Bax, Cyclin D1) that may be involved in the formation and/or persistence of ovarian cysts (OC) in cattle. A total of 300 ovaries were collected and evaluated by histological and immunohistochemical studies. OC showed strong positive reactions with vimentin, inhibin á subunit, VEGF and Bcl-2 antibodies in cystic walls. It is concluded that the abnormal changes in the expression of some intraovarian regulators might lead to follicle dysfunction and the cyst formation in cattle.

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Choe C, Cho YW, Kim CW, Son DS, Han J and Kang D (2010). Identification of differentially expressed genes in bovine follicular cystic ovaries. Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 14:265-272.

Choudhary Ratan K, Pathak Devendra, Deka Dipak and Ramneek (2013). Vimentin identifies myoepithelial cells of buffalo mammary tissue. Ruminant Science 2(2):157-161.

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Kankhedia PC, Agrawal Manish, Mathur Manisha and Dadhich Hemant (2017). Histopathological observations on cystic ovarian conditions in sheep (Ovis aries). Ruminant Science 6(1):51-54.

Li W, Sun L, Chen S, Lu C, Liu Z, Hou X, Chen C, Han Y, Wang C, Li C and Zhou X (2015). Association of inhibin-alpha gene polymorphisms with follicular cysts in large white sows. Theriogenology 84(6):839-45.

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Mimoune Nora, Kaidi Rachid, Guedioura Abdelmoumène, Benaissa Mohamed Hocine and Azzouz Mohamed Yassine (2018). Characterization of ovarian follicular and cystic fluids in cows. Veterinaria 67:2.

Mimoune N, Baazizi R, Azzouz MY, Benaissa MH and Kaidi R (2019). Basic and new concepts of ovarian cyst pathogenesis in cattle. Veterinaria 68:2.

Monniaux D, Di Clemente N, Touzé JL, Belville C, Rico C, Bontoux M, Picard JY and Fabre S (2008). Intrafollicular steroids and anti-Müllerian hormone during normal and cystic ovarian follicular development in the cow. Biology of Reproduction 79:387-396.

Murayama C, Eiki Y, Akio M and Takashi S (2015). Effect in dedicator of cytokinesis 6 (DOCK6) on steroid production in theca cells of follicular cysts. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 462:415-419.

Okuda K, Anna K, Masami S, Shuko M, Ryo N, Miki T, Izabela WP and Dariusz JS (2004). Progesterone is a suppressor of apoptosis in bovine luteal cells. Biology of Reproduction 71:2065-2071.

Rathore Anita, Dadhich H, Rani Sunita and Dadhich Rohitash (2016a). Pathological study on persistent corpus luteum in cattle. Ruminant Science 5(1):67-68.

Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant, Rani Sunita and Dadhich Rohitash (2016b). Pathology of adenomyosis in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 5(2):263-264.

Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant and Rani Sunita (2018).Occurrence and pathomorphology of follicular cyst in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 7(1):149-150.

Salvetti NR, Stangaferro ML, Palomar MM, Alfaro NS, Rey F, Gimeno EJ and Ortega HH (2010). Cell proliferation and survival mechanisms underlying the abnormal persistence of follicular cysts in bovines with cystic ovarian disease induced by ACTH. Animal Reproduction Science 122:98-110.

Shimizu T and Miyamoto A (2007). Progesterone induces the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) 120 and Flk-1, its receptor, in bovine granulosa cells. Animal Reproduction Science 102:228-237.

Stangaferro ML, Matiller V, Díaz PU, Ortega HH, Rey F, Rodríguez FM, Silva MA and Salvetti NR (2014). Role of activin, inhibin, and follistatin in the pathogenesis of bovine cystic ovarian disease. Animal Reproduction Science 148:97-108.

Todoroki J and Kaneko H (2006). Formation of follicular cysts in cattle and therapeutic effects of controlled internal drug release. Journal of Reproduction and Development 52(1):1-11.

Townson DH and Combelles CMH (2012). Ovarian follicular atresia. In: Basic Gynecology-Some Related Issues. Eds: Atef Darwish, InTech Publications, Shanghai, China pp 43-76. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com

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44-Title: Surgical management of degenerated nasal bones in a crossbred cow

Authors: Tarunbir Singh, Simrat Sagar Singh, Jitender Mohindroo, Mulinti Raghunath, Pallavi Verma, Navdeep Singh and Narinder Singh Saini

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):205-207.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Singh Tarunbir, Singh Simrat Sagar, Mohindroo Jitender, Raghunath Mulinti, Verma Pallavi, Singh Navdeep and Saini Narinder Singh (2020). Surgical management of degenerated nasal bones in a crossbred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):205-207.

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Radostits OM, Clive CG, Hinchcliff KW and Constable PD (2007). Veterinary Medicine: A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats. 10th Edn, WB Saunders Company.

Ross MW, Richardson DW, Hackett RP, Tulleners EP, Orsini JA and Ohnemus TF (1986). Nasal obstruction caused by cystic nasal conchae in cattle. Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 188:857-860.

Schleining JA (2016). Surgery of the sinuses and eyes. Veterinary Clinics Food Animal Practice 32:571-591.

Tremaine WH and Dixon PM (2002). Diseases of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses. In: Equine Respiratory Diseases. Eds: P Lekeux, Publisher: International Veterinary Information Service, Ithaca, New York, USA.

43

43-Title: Diagnosis and surgical management of reticular abscess in two buffaloes

Authors: Dinesh, Ram Niwas, Sandeep Kumar, Priyanka and Sandeep Saharan

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):203-204.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Dinesh, Niwas Ram, Kumar Sandeep, Priyanka and Saharan Sandeep (2020). Diagnosis and surgical management of reticular abscess in two buffaloes. Ruminant Science 9(1):203-204.

References

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Dabas VS, Chaudhari CF and Chaudhari NF (2012). Metallic foreign bodies in the fore stomach of large ruminants and their significance. Ruminant Science 1(1):81-84.

Kumar A, Sangwan V, Mohindroo J, Singh SS, Saini NS, Chachra D and Kaur G (2008). Diagnostic and prognostic indicators, antibacterial sensitivity pattern and surgical treatment of perireticular abscess in cows and buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 78(12):1329-1332.

Pal M and Tayal R (2019). Comparison of ultrasonography and radiography for the diagnosis of reticular abscess in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Veterinary Surgery 40(1):26-29.

Purohit S, Malik V, Singh S, Yadav S, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2015). Surgical management of various rumen affections in cattle and buffaloes. Ruminant Science 4(2):357-260.

Saini NS, Kumar A, Mohindroo J, Singh SS, Anand A, Mahajan SK, Raghunath M, Chaudhary M, Singh N and Toor AS (2005). Clinical feature and survival in reticular abscessation in buffaloes. Buffalo Journal 21:165-72.

Tanwar Mahendra, Gahlot TK, Palecha Sakar and Bishnoi P (2016). Diagnosis of traumatic reticuloperitonitis in bovines using computed radiography. Ruminant Science 5(2):301-305.

42

42-Title: Acute gangrenous and haemorrhagic mastitis due to bacillus species in a preparturient cow

Authors: S Saravanan and KM Palanivel

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):199-201.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Saravanan S and Palanivel KM (2020). Acute gangrenous and haemorrhagic mastitis due to bacillus species in a preparturient cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):199-201.

References

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Diwakar, Akriti, Choudhary Sunita, Meena Dhirendra, Bhati Taruna and Kataria AK (2019). Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of some Staphylococcus aureus isolates from milk from goats with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 8(1):19-22.

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Kumar Vaibhav, Patel JS, Patel BR, Mevada VK and Raval AP (2012). Therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial drugs in clinical mastitis of cross bred cattle. Ruminant Science 1(2):177-180.

Monsang Shongsir Warson, Devi N Umeshwori, Kumar Mritunjay and Saikia Bina (2017). Partial mastectomy to manage the gangrenous mastitis in a cow. Ruminant Science 6(1):191-192.  

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Raguvaran R, Mondal DB, Jithin MV, Kumar Bipin and Sivakumar M (2016). Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in a nondescript goat. Ruminant Science 5(2):291-292.

Raorane Abhay, Chothe Shubhadha, Dubal ZB, Barbuddhe SB, Karunakaran M, Doijad Swapnil, Pathak Ajay, Poharkar Krupali and Singh NP (2013). Antimicrobial resistance of the pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in Goa. Ruminant Science 2(2):139-144.

Shafi TA, Gupta DK and Bansal BK (2015). Diagnosis and treatment of gangrenous mastitis in crossbred cows. Intas Polivet 16(II):276-279.

Singh Pawanjit, Nigam Rajesh, Kumar Amit and Pandey Vijay (2018). Isolation and molecular characterization of pathogens associated with mastitis in Sahiwal cows. Ruminant Science 7(1):43-46.

Sunita, Diwakar and Kataria AK (2017). Antibiotic resistance pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from milk of cattle with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 6(2):319-322.

41

41-Title: Therapeutic management of bony form of actinomycosis (Actinomyces bovis) in a crossbred cow

Authors: SA Arif, M Pathak, U Barman, D Lahkar, NA Kader, MK Nath and D Barman

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):197-198.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Arif SA, Pathak M, Barman U, Lahkar D, Kader NA, Nath MK and Barman D (2020). Therapeutic management of bony form of actinomycosis (Actinomyces bovis) in a crossbred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):197-198.

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Sarma DK, Boro PK, Borthakur B, Sharma M, Das Papyia and Kakati P (2015). Therapeutic management of two forms of Actinomycosis in two different cattle. International Journal of Current Research 7(9):20712-20713

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40

40-Title: Surgical management of dystocia due to dicephalic and arthrogryposis monster in a cross bred cow

Authors: Chhavi Gupta, M Murugan and R Ramprabhu

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):195-196.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Gupta Chhavi, Murugan M and Ramprabhu R (2020). Surgical management of dystocia due to dicephalic and arthrogryposis monster in a cross bred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):195-196.

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Patel BR, Siddiquee GM, Mevada VK, Ankuya KJ and Patel JS (2012b). Dystocia due to dicephalus distomus monster in a Mehsani buffalo. Ruminant Science 1(2):197-198.

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