41-Title: Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations

41-Title: Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations

Authors: Beenish Qureshi, Mujeeb ur Rehman Fazili, Nida handoo, Raja Aijaz Ahmad,

Shahid Hussain Dar and Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):413-418.

How to cite this manuscript: Qureshi Beenish, Fazili MR, Handoo Nida, Ahmad RA, Dar SH and Gugjoo MB (2020). Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations. Ruminant Science 9(2):413-418.

Abstract

The clinical signs were recorded in 24 sheep presented with single foot lameness for an average duration of eight days. The mean age and body weight (Mean±SE) were 26.92±5.31 months and 35.21±4.12kg, respectively. Female (n=18) sheep outnumbered the males (n=6). Forelimbs (75.00%) and right feet (62.50%) were involved in the majority of the sheep. The lateral claws were affected more frequently. The interdigital skin lesions were noticed in 10/24 and local alopecia in nine animals. Seven sheep had lesions in the sole, four in the coronary area and three in the heel. Majority (79.17%) of the sheep had lesions showing discharges. Twelve animals had overgrown hooves and 10 also showed loose and under-run solar horn. The mean increase in the pastern circumference was 0.49 inches (range 0.2 to 1.0inches). Gross contamination was detected in 58.33% sheep. Mean±SE values of rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rates were 101.91±0.50 oF, 96.29±5.30 beats per minute and 33.33±4.57 breaths per minute, respectively. The rumen motility and Capillary Refill Time (CRT) values were 1.54±0.17 per two minutes and 1.25±0.28 seconds respectively. The visible mucus membranes in nine sheep were pale and three showed congestion. The lameness and the pain scores were 2.33±0.26 and 2.08±0.29 respectively. From this study, it is concluded that adult female sheep most frequently suffer from acute foot affections. These animals exhibit a range of typical local symptoms, moderate pain and lameness. The farmer perception of animal health and welfare needs immediate improvement.

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42-Title: Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants

42-Title: Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants

Authors: S Purohit, Atul Yadav, Ankit Negi, PVV Reddy, Arpit Kaushal, Kaushal, Gulshan Kumar and RP Pandey

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):419-428.

How to cite this manuscript: Purohit S, Yadav Atul, Negi Ankit, Reddy PVV, Kaushal Arpit, Kaushal, Kumar Gulshan and Pandey RP (2020). Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants. Ruminant Science 9(2):419-428.

Abstract

The present study was conducted on 173 animals suffering from different types of affections of the urinary system of which 23.12% were cows, 38.73% buffaloes, 24.28% goats and 13.87% sheep, which on anamnesis and clinical examination revealed obstructive urolithiasis (84.48%), urachus pervious (9.25%) and urethral diverticulum (5.78%). In selected cases, ultrasonographic and radiographic examinations were conducted to assess the organ’s condition and adhesions. The animals suffering from obstructive urolithiasis (n=147) were treated by amputation of the urethral process (6.8%), urethrotomy & urethrostomy (7.45%) and tube cystotomy (85.72%). The animals suffering with urachus pervious (n=16) were managed by conservative and surgical ligation of the urachus, while with urethral diverticulum were treated by urethral diverticulectomy (5.78%). Amputation of the urethral process should be conducted prior to shifting to other surgical processes in bucks and rams. The conservative treatment of urachus pervious should be tried before the surgical ligation in all animals. In ruminants, tube cystotomy was found to be a more appropriate and cost-effective treatment for the rupture of the urinary bladder and urethra. Ammonium chloride @ 400 mg/kg body weight helped to dislodge the calculi in ruminants. It is recommended to feed ammonium chloride and sodium chloride to prevent calculi formation by increasing the acidity and volume of the urine, respectively.

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36-Title: Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat

36-Title: Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat

Authors: SN Yadav, G Bordoloi, MP Baishya, N Ahmed, AJ Nath, P Thakuria, R Devi and BK Sarma

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):393-394.

How to cite this manuscript: Yadav SN, Bordoloi G, Baishya MP, Ahmed N, Nath AJ, Thakuria P, Devi R and Sarma BK (2020). Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat. Ruminant Science 9(2):393-394.

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21-Title: Adoption of scientific management practices among buffalo owners in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan

21-Title: Adoption of scientific management practices among buffalo owners in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan

Authors: Narendra Singh, Neeraj Kumar Sharma, Devi Singh Rajput, Pankaj Mishra                             and Kamlesh Kumar Dhawal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):323-328.

How to cite this manuscript: Singh Narendra, Sharma NK, Rajput DS, Mishra Pankaj and Dhawal KK (2020). Adoption of scientific management practices among buffalo owners in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 9(2):323-328.

Abstract

The present study was conducted in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, to assess the adoption level of buffalo owners about scientific management practices. Data were collected from 120 buffalo owners of Weir and Bayana tehsils of Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. Ex-post facto research design was used in this study. The findings reported that majority (41.66%) of respondents belonged meddle (39-52 year) age group, illiterate, medium (7-11 members) family size, having a semi-medium land-holding size, low social participation, having small (1-3.5 Tropical Livestock Unit) herd size, belonged medium (2-4 lakh) income category. Family members and television were the major source of information. Most of the respondents had a medium level of adoption about all aspect of buffalo scientific management practices i.e. feeding, breeding, milking, health care and management practices. Overall adoption elicited that 40 per cent of respondents had medium followed by low (35.83%) and high (24.16%) level of adoption. Further adoption of scientific buffalo management was positively and significantly associated with land holding, mass media exposure and knowledge level of scientific buffalo management practices (p<0.01). However, age, education, family size, social participation, herd size gross family income and extension contact were associated positively and non-significantly.

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37-Title: Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants

37-Title: Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants

Authors: Sandeep Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Ankit Dangi, RN Chaudhary, Ram Niwas and Dinesh

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):395-398.

How to cite this manuscript: Kumar Sandeep, Kumar Ashok, Dangi Ankit, Chaudhary RN, Niwas Ram and Dinesh (2020). Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants. Ruminant Science 9(2):395-398.

Abstract

The present study was conducted on eleven large ruminants (cattle and buffaloes) regardless of breed, age and sex with a history of large open wounds with no possibility of the suture. Most of the wounds were infected, large in size, and had no tendency to heal with routine clinical treatment. Animals were treated with topical application of 10% Calendula officinalis (mother tincture) with 10% Curcuma longa in glycerine base twice a day at institute hospital. While under field condition, animals were treated with a paste of turmeric powder in fresh calendula petal juice twice a day. Post-treatment follow up was taken up to complete wound healing. Wound healing properties of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa found to be effective for massive open wounds in ruminants.

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22-Title Knowledge and adoption level of livestock owners on breeding practices under organic animal husbandry management system

22-Title Knowledge and adoption level of livestock owners on breeding practices under organic animal husbandry management system

Authors: Bharti Gujar, Devi Singh Rajput, NK Sharma and TC Goyal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):329-332.

How to cite this manuscript: Gujar Bharti, Rajput DS, Sharma NK and Goyal TC (2020). Knowledge and adoption level of livestock owners on breeding practices under organic animal husbandry management system. Ruminant Science 9(2):329-332.

Abstract

The present paper is highlighted the knowledge and adoption level of livestock owners under different organic animal husbandry practices related to animal breeding practices in the arid region of Rajasthan. The study was conducted in purposively selected Barmer and Bikaner districts of Rajasthan. A total of 120 livestock owners were chosen from eight villages across four tehsils, namely Sheo, Chohtan, Lunkaransar, and Kolayat. The findings of the study revealed that livestock owners had the highest knowledge and ranked first for animals promoted for natural birth and knowledge of heat detection (1.00) and the lowest knowledge was found in best breeding techniques used in organic animal husbandry (0.43) where as highest adoption was found in the traditional method used for heat detection with adoption index 99.58 and lowest adoption was found in sources and type of male animals with adoption index 20.27.

References

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Gujar Bharti, Rajput DS, Sharma NK, Goyal TC and Purohit NR (2015). Constraints perceived by livestock owners related to organic animal husbandry practices. Ruminant Science 4(2):195-198.

Gujar Bharti, Rajput DS, Sharma NK, Goyal TC and Mishra Pankaj (2017). Knowledge and adoption level of livestock owners regarding health care practices towards organic animal husbandry management system. Ruminant Science 6(2):355-356.

Hermansen JE (2003). Organic livestock production systems and appropriate development in relation to public expectation. Livestock Production Science 80(1):3-1 5.

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Javeed Md Arif, Veeranna KC, Thirumalesh T, Rathod Prakashkumar and Gopala GT (2020). Attitude of dairy farmers towards feeding of green fodder crops and awareness level about fodder production practices in north eastern transition zone of Karnataka, India. Ruminant Science 9(1):113-118.

Kumar Vijay, Pourouchottamane R, Mohan Braj, Kumar Ashok, Chaudhary UB and Dixit AK (2019). Goat production status in adopted village: A mid-term evaluation of institutional interventions. Ruminant Science 8(1):61-64.

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Patil PV and Patil  MK (2016). Knowledge of scientific feeding practices among dairy farmers of Palus tehsil of Sangli district. Ruminant Science 5(1):43-46.

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Yadav Sarvajeet, Singh Amit, Singh DN and Singh Jai (2018). Factors influencing adoption behavior of the dairy farmers in semi-arid region of Uttar Pradesh. Ruminant Science 7(2): 301-303.

38-Title: Management of a large ventro-lateral abdominal hernia in Tharparkar cattle using polypropylene mesh-A case report

38-Title: Management of a large ventro-lateral abdominal hernia in Tharparkar cattle using polypropylene mesh-A case report

Authors: YP Singh, Vimlesh Kumar, MC Parashar and Satyaveer Singh

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):399-400.

How to cite this manuscript: Singh YP, Kumar Vimlesh, Parashar MC and Singh Satyaveer (2020). Management of a large ventro-lateral abdominal hernia in Tharparkar cattle using polypropylene mesh-A case report. Ruminant Science 9(2):399-400.

References

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23-Title: Effect of supplementation of vitamin E and chromium on somatic cell count and immunoglobulin content in milk of Sahiwal cattle

23-Title: Effect of supplementation of vitamin E and chromium on somatic cell count and immunoglobulin content in milk of Sahiwal cattle

Authors: ML Choudhary, V Kumar, SC Goswami, V Kumar, R Dedar and G Mishra

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):333-336.

How to cite this manuscript: Choudhary ML, Kumar V, Goswami SC, Kumar V, Dedar R and Mishra G (2020). Effect of supplementation of vitamin E and chromium on somatic cell count and immunoglobulin content in milk of Sahiwal cattle. Ruminant Science 9(2):333-336.

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of vitamin E and chromium propionate during the transition period in Sahiwal cows. A total of 28 cows were grouped on the basis of their milk yield, parity and body weights –  into four homogenous treatments of 7 each. Control group (Group-1) was fed basal diet. Vitamin E (2000 IU/d) (Group-2), chromium propionate (0.5 mg/kg DMI) (Group-3) and vitamin E (2000 IU/d) + chromium propionate (0.5 mg/kg DMI) (Group-4) supplementation were given to the cows in different treatment groups daily along with control diet. Immunoglobulin content was found to be highest in colostrums of cows in the combination group (Group 3) as compared to other groups. The Somatic Cell Count was found maximum in the control group followed by Chromium propionate, Vitamin E and combination, respectively. Therefore it can be inferred that vitamin E and chromium propionate supplementation are beneficial and it can be adopted to improve the somatic cell count and immunoglobulin content in milk of Sahiwal cows.       

References

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39-Title: Ultrasonographic characterization of common hepatic ailments in bovine

39-Title: Ultrasonographic characterization of common hepatic ailments in bovine

Authors: Prince Arora, Adarsh Kumar, Amit Kumar, Ajay Katoch, Mansi Bajaj and SP Tyagi

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):401-406.

How to cite this manuscript: Arora Prince, Kumar Adarsh, Kumar Amit, Katoch Ajay, Bajaj Mansi and Tyagi SP (2020). Ultrasonographic characterization of common hepatic ailments in bovine. Ruminant Science 9(2):401-406.

Abstract

Diffuse hepatic disease, fascioliasis, and lantana toxicity are commonly observed hepatic ailments in bovines. Clinical signs observed in hepatic dysfunction were not much specific. Increased AST and GGT levels were observed indicating compromised liver function. Generalized hyperechoic foci in the liver parenchyma, double-walled gall bladder, and rounding of edges were observed in animals having the diffuse hepatic disease. The calcified intrahepatic bile duct was a characteristic finding in patients having fascioliasis. Peri-hepatic and peri-renal fluid accumulation in the case of Lantana toxicity was the main observation. Round to oval hyperechoic multiple foci spread over the hepatic parenchyma was prominent finding in cows suffering from lantana toxicity. Diagnosis of many hepatic ailments was difficult as signs may not be specific. Sonography provided a comprehensive architecture scan of liver and helped in the assessment of various complications like lantana toxicity, liver fascioliasis and cirrhosis etc . For Lantana toxicity prognosis can be predicted after evaluating the status of the kidney and the liver parenchyma with help of ultrasonography. Consistent changes pertaining to gall bladder size, wall thickness, bile ducts and vascularity coupled with the other tests can prove confirmatory liver affections.

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24-Title: Effect of vitamin C supplementation on enzymatic parameters in water deprived goats

24-Title: Effect of vitamin C supplementation on enzymatic parameters in water deprived goats

Authors: S Kour, J Devi, K Sarma  and D Chakraborty

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):337-340.

How to cite this manuscript: Kour S, Devi J, Sarma K and Chakraborty D (2020). Effect of vitamin C supplementation on enzymatic parameters in water deprived goats. Ruminant Science 9(2):337-340.

Abstract

Effect of vitamin C supplementation on biochemical and enzymatic parameters was analysed in water deprived 18 2-3 years of local male Bakerwali goats during summer and winter seasons. In control group (n=6, for each season), water was offered ad-lib throughout the experimental period. Two treatment groups (T1 and T2) consisting of 6 animals each were selected. In T1 group, water was restricted and subdivided into 3 experimental periods: in period 1 (day 1 to 7), animals were adapted to water restriction regime by limiting access to water gradually from 15 to 3 hrs/day. In period 2 (day 8 to 14), animals had access to water for 3 hrs/day. In period 3 (day 15 to 22), animals had access to water only every second day for 6 hours. In T2 group, the same protocol as mentioned above was followed with the addition of vitamin C supplementation at a dose rate of 180 mg/kg b.wt./animal/day. Blood samples were collected on 1, 7, 14and 22ndday of experiments for the estimation of different biochemical and enzymatic parameters. In water deprived (T1) group, increasing trend (P<0.05) was seen in ALT, AST, ALP and ACP in blood. In T2 group, ALT, AST and ACP activity increased upto day 14 and then decreased on day 22. T1 value of serum enzymes were significantly higher (P<0.05) than vitamin supplemented (T2) group. Overall summer value of serum enzymes was higher as compared to overall winter values. Water deprivation had a negative impact on enzymatic parameters, which can be ameliorated by supplementation of ascorbic acid at the rate of @180mg/kg b.wt./day in goat during the heat and cold stress conditions.

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