30-Title: Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat

Authors: Dinesh Kumar Sunwasiya, Lokesh Gautam, Vishnu Kumar and Pankaj Garhwal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):145-150.


How to cite this manuscript: Sunwasiya Dinesh Kumar, Gautam Lokesh, Kumar Vishnu and Garhwal Pankaj (2020). Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 9(1):145-150.


The present study aimed to determine the most suitable model among four non-linear growth curve model viz., Brody, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz, Richards, Weibull and Logistic used for describing the growth curve. The data set used in this study was obtained from All India Co-ordinated Research Project (AICRP) on goat improvement, Livestock Research Station, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India and included 340 male and 715 female kid’s body weight records measured at birth to 12th months of age in every three months interval during the year from 2009 to 2017.  Non-linear growth curve models viz., Brody, Gompertz, Logistic, Richards, Weibull and Von-Bertalanffy were used to estimate the growth curve parameters. The lowest MAE, MAPE, AICc and (Chi-square) values were observed in Brody model. The males had higher asymptotic live weight (“A”) than female. The higher values for (“B”) parameter were observed for Weibull in males, whereas the lowest values were calculated from Bertalanffy model. Maturity rate (“K”) was equal in males and females. It can be concluded that non-linear growth models were suitable for estimating live weight as a function of age for male, female and both sexes of Sirohi goat. Brody was found to be best followed by Richards, Weibull, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz and Logistic models basis on to the goodness of fit statistics. Evaluation of different growth equations used in this study indicated the potential of the non-linear functions for fitting body weight records of Sirohi goat.


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3-Title: Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle

Authors: Renu, PK Boyal, S Rani and H Dadhich

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):15-20.


How to cite this manuscript: Renu, Boyal PK, Rani S and Dadhich H (2020). Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):15-20.


The present study was conducted on 895 cattle of different age groups, sex and breeds to find out the incidence, types and pattern of pneumonia.  Out of these 895 specimens, 180 (20.11 per cent) samples showed gross lesions suggestive of pneumonia and were further used for histopathological evaluation. Different forms of pneumonia were observed as bronchopneumonia (18.33 per cent), fibrinous pneumonia (10.56 per cent), catarrhal pneumonia (3.33 per cent), interstitial pneumonia (58.33 per cent), aspiration pneumonia (4.44 per cent) and haemorrhagic pneumonia (5.00 per cent). Grossly, affected lungs were congested or haemorrhagic, oedematous and reddish black or deep-red to reddish-brown in colour. The cut surface was either moist with oozing of blood tinged fluid or dry and granular. Microscopically, lungs revealed congestion, oedema, organisation, areas of necrosis along with infiltrations of mononuclear or polymorphonuclear cells and fibrosis in and around the bronchioles and thickening of interalveolar or interlobular septa.


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Ruminant Science (2020) 9(1)

1-Title: Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle

Authors: Nora Mimoune, Mohammed Hocine Benaissa, Ratiba Baazizi, Saidi Radhwane, Azzouz Mohamed Yassine, Belarbi Ayed and Kaidi Rachid

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):1-6.


How to cite this manuscript: Mimoune Nora, Benaissa Mohammed Hocine, Baazizi Ratiba, Radhwane Saidi, Yassine Azzouz Mohamed, Ayed Belarbi and Rachid Kaidi (2020). Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):1-6.


The present work aimed to determine the specific cellular localisation via immunohistochemistry of some factors (VEGF, Bcl, vimentin, Bax, Cyclin D1) that may be involved in the formation and/or persistence of ovarian cysts (OC) in cattle. A total of 300 ovaries were collected and evaluated by histological and immunohistochemical studies. OC showed strong positive reactions with vimentin, inhibin á subunit, VEGF and Bcl-2 antibodies in cystic walls. It is concluded that the abnormal changes in the expression of some intraovarian regulators might lead to follicle dysfunction and the cyst formation in cattle.


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Mimoune Nora, Kaidi Rachid, Guedioura Abdelmoumène, Benaissa Mohamed Hocine and Azzouz Mohamed Yassine (2018). Characterization of ovarian follicular and cystic fluids in cows. Veterinaria 67:2.

Mimoune N, Baazizi R, Azzouz MY, Benaissa MH and Kaidi R (2019). Basic and new concepts of ovarian cyst pathogenesis in cattle. Veterinaria 68:2.

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Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant, Rani Sunita and Dadhich Rohitash (2016b). Pathology of adenomyosis in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 5(2):263-264.

Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant and Rani Sunita (2018).Occurrence and pathomorphology of follicular cyst in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 7(1):149-150.

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4-Title: Pathomorphological alterations during obstructive urolithiasis in a buffalo calf (Bubalus bubalis)

Authors: Devesh Kumar Giri, DK Jolhe, RC Ghosh, DK Kashyap, PM Sonkusale and Poornima Gumasta

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):21-23.


How to cite this manuscript: Giri Devesh Kumar, Jolhe DK, Ghosh RC, Kashyap DK, Sonkusale PM and Gumasta Poornima (2020). Pathomorphological alterations during obstructive urolithiasis in a buffalo calf (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 9(1):21-23.


Urinary stone formation is a common disease with an increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Male ruminants who are castrated and are fed paddy straw without mineral supplementation are predisposed for obstructive urolithiasis in due course. The present paper throws some light on association of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in causing emphysematous cystitis. It also deals with haematobiochemical changes like haemoconcentration, increased blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and pathomorphological alterations viz. hydrothorax, atelectasis of lung, haemorrhagic emphysematous cystitis having cobblestone appearance in obstructive urolithiasis leading to cystorrhexis in a buffalo calf.


Kashyap DK, Giri DK, Dewangan G and Tiwari SK (2016). Obstructive urolithiasis in male buffalo calves-A report of three cases. Buffalo Bulletin 35(2):151-154.

Loretti AP, Oliveira LO, Cruz CEF and Driemeier D (2003). Clinical and pathological study of an outbreak of obstructive urolithiasis in feedlot cattle in Southern Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 23 (2): 61-64.

Nikvand AA, Haji Hajikolaei MR, Ghadrdanmashhadi AR, Ghorbanpour M and Mohammadian B (2014). Bacteriological study of urine and its relationship with histopathological findings of bladder and kidney in river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Iranian Journal of Veterinary Medicine 8(3):157-161.

Pandey Manish, Singh DV, Rastogi SK, Singh Brijesh, Kumar Sanjay and Singh SK (2018). Physical and biochemical attributes of urine of Pantja goats. Ruminant Science 7(1):101-104.

Sureshkumar RV, Veena P, Sankar P, Dhana Lakshmi N and Kokila S (2011). Urolithiasis in a buffalo calf – a case report. Buffalo Bulletin 30(4):222-225.

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Verma MK, Purohit S, Gowtham Achintya, Singh PR, Tripathi DM, Pandey Vijay and Pandey RP (2017). Excretory urographic and ultrasonographic studies of urinary system in goats (Capra hircus). Ruminant Science 6(1):177-184.


5-Title: Clinico-diagnostic and therapeutic investigations on pneumonia in cattle

Authors: CS Jaibhaye, AU Bhikane, PS Masare and AV Bhonsle

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):25-32.


How to cite this manuscript: Jaibhaye CS, Bhikane AU, Masare PS and Bhonsle AV (2020). Clinico-diagnostic and therapeutic investigations on pneumonia in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):25-32.


Pneumonia is a multi-factorial respiratory disorder commonly found in cattle and is causing heavy economic losses to farmers due to increased calf mortality, costs of medication, production losses and decreased draft ability in bullocks. Hence the present study was undertaken to investigate epidemiological, clinico-diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of pneumonia in cattle. On screening 1211 cattle reported to TVCC, COVAS, Udgir for different ailments, 46 animals were found positive for pneumonia, suggestive of overall prevalence of 3.80%. The higher prevalence of pneumonia was observed in young male cattle put to heavy work and exposed to climatic stress during monsoon. The typical signs of pneumonia included fever, nasal discharge, dyspnoea, coughing, chest pain and abnormal lung sounds. Haemogram showed significant leucocytosis accompanied by neutrophilia with non- significant changes in other blood parameters. On radiographic examination of thorax, a variable degree of congestion and diffuse consolidation of lungs was noticed. The faecal examination revealed negative for lungworm larvae infestation. The bacteria isolated from nasal swab were identified as Staphylococcus sp., Streptococcus sp., E. coli, Corynebacterium sp., Klebsiella sp., Mannheimia haemolytica, Brevundimonas sp., Pseudomonas sp.. The results of antibiotic sensitivity test of isolated organisms revealed highest sensitivity to gentamicin (87.50%), followed by ceftriaxone plus tazobactam and enrofloxacin (58.33% each), amoxicillin plus sulbactam (54.16%), ceftiofur sodium (50.00%), chloramphenicol (45.83%), ciprofloxacin (41.66%), moxifloxacin (33.33%), oxytetracycline (16.66%) and complete resistance to penicillin. Thirty six pneumonia affected cattle were randomly divided into four treatment groups viz., Group A (gentamicin @ 4 mg/ kg), Group B (enrofloxacin @ 5 mg/ kg),   Group C (moxifloxacin @ 5 mg/ kg ) and Group D (ceftiofur @ 1.6 mg/ kg). All 36 treated cattle clinically cured within 3 to 15 days, indicating 100 per cent recovery rate. The evaluation of comparative efficacy revealed that gentamicin is superior to other drugs in the treatment of pneumonia in cattle.


Ananthakrishna LR, Kamboj Aman, Saini Mohini and Gupta PK (2015). Characterization of extracellular domain of glycoprotein e gene of an Indian isolate of bovine herpes virus-1. Ruminant Science 4(1):15-20.

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37-Title: Abomasal balantidiosis in a goat-A case report

Authors: N Babu Prasath, J Selvaraj and M Sasikala

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):189-190.


How to cite this manuscript: Prasath N Babu, Selvaraj J and Sasikala M (2020). Abomasal balantidiosis in a goat-A case report. Ruminant Science 9(1):189-190.


Cho HS, Shin SS and Park NY (2006). Balantidiasis in the gastric lymph nodes of Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia): An incidental finding. Journal of Veterinary Science 7(2):207-209.

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Sivajothi S and Reddy SB (2018). Acute fulminating form of Balantidium coli infection in buffaloes. Research Journal of Biology 6(1):17-19.

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6-Title: Alteration in the hemato-biochemical profile of mastitis affected lactating dairy cattle

Authors: Zul I Huma, Neelesh Sharma, Touqeer Ahmed, Savleen Kour and AK Pathak

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):33-36.


How to cite this manuscript: Huma Zul I, Sharma Neelesh, Ahmed Touqeer, Kour Savleen and Pathak AK (2020). Alteration in the hemato-biochemical profile of mastitis affected lactating dairy cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):33-36.


The present investigation was conducted on 48 lactating dairy cattle to assess the alteration in blood haemato-biochemical profile in mastitis. These animals were further divided into control, subclinical mastitis and clinical mastitis groups of 16 animals each. It was observed that total leukocyte count (TLC), particularly neutrophil counts, were increased significantly. Significant changes were also noticed in the serum total protein, magnesium, sodium, potassium and chloride which increased significantly (p<0.05) in clinical cases over the control healthy animals. Thus, the degree of alteration in hemato-biochemical parameters can be helpful to assess the severity of the infection in mastitis cows.


Das Gunjan, Lalnunpuia C, Sarma K, Behera SK, Dutta TK and Bandyopadhyay Samiran (2015). Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus associated sub-clinical mastitis in crossbred cows in Mizoram. Ruminant Science 4(2):167-170.

Diwakar, Akriti, Choudhary Sunita, Meena Dhirendra, Bhati Taruna and Kataria AK (2019). Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of some Staphylococcus aureus isolates from milk from goats with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 8(1):19-22.

Ghaffar A, Hussain R, Abbas G, Ali MH, Ahmed H, Nawaz J, Choudhary IR, Haneef J and Khan S (2017). Arsenic and copper sulfate in combination causes testicular and serum biochemical changes in White Leghorn cockerels. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 37(4):375-380.

Jain J, Karnani M, Khan A and Sharma S (2013). Comparative investigation of various biochemical parameters of cattle suffering from mastitis in semi arid Rajasthan. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology 15(1):137.

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Mosallam TE, Ahmed SYS, Ahmed AR and Alaam HA (2006). Clinicopathological studies on mastitis in dairy buffalo and cattle. Doctoral dissertation, MSc thesis submitted to Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Nirmali WKR, Priyabhashana AHL, Bandara AMS and Magamage MPS (2018). Assessment of milk quality of upcountry dairy farm in Sri Lanka. Ruminant Science 7(1):1-4.

Orellano MS, Isaac P, Breser ML, Bohl LP, Conesa A, Falcone RD and Porporatto C (2019). Chitosan nanoparticles enhance the antibacterial activity of the native polymer against bovine mastitis pathogens. Carbohydrate Polymers 213:1-9.

Qayyum A, Khan JA, Hussain R, Ahmad TI, Zahoor I, Ahmad M, Awais M, Ahmed N, Ahmad Z and Mubeen M (2018). Correlations of blood serum and milk biochemical profiles with subclinical mastitis in Cholistani cattle. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 55(4):959-964.

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Sarvesha K, Satyanarayana ML, Narayanaswamy HD, Rao S, Yathiraj S, Isloor S, Mukartal SY, Srikanth M, Anuradha ME and Kamal H (2016). Effect of subclinical and clinical mastitis on hemato-biochemical profile and milk leukocyte count in indigenous cows. Journal of Cell and Tissue Research 16(3):5829-5834.

Singh Pawanjit, Nigam Rajesh, Kumar Amit and Pandey Vijay (2018). Isolation and molecular characterization of pathogens associated with mastitis in Sahiwal cows. Ruminant Science 7(1):43-46.

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38-Title: Rumenotomy in bovines: A review of ten cases

Authors: JK Mahla, PV Parikh, RR Anjana, Ashwath, KP Patel, P Koli and MD Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):191-192.


How to cite this manuscript: Mahla JK, Parikh PV, Anjana RR, Ashwath, Patel KP, Koli P and Patel MD (2020). Rumenotomy in bovines: A review of ten cases. Ruminant Science 9(1):191-192.


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7-Title: Enriching of camel milk composition and fatty acid profile by supplementation of flaxseed in the dromedary camel diet

Authors: Tahereh Mohammadabadi and Abdul Raziq Kakar

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):37-39.


How to cite this manuscript: Mohammadabadi Tahereh and Kakar Abdul Raziq (2020). Enriching of camel milk composition and fatty acid profile by supplementation of flaxseed in the dromedary camel diet. Ruminant Science 9(1):37-39.


Present study aimed to investigate the effect of supplementing heated flaxseed on the milk production, composition and fatty acid profiles of dairy camels. Eight dromedary lactating camels with an average body weight of 420±26 kg assigned to 2 groups. Treatments were included control; grazing without flaxseed and experimental treatment with 100-250 g flaxseed per day for a weekly gradual adaption in a one month study. The camels had access to forage in the desert and at all fed with concentrate mixture. Milk production was recorded, and milk composition and fatty acid profiles were determined. The data were analyzed as a completely randomized design. The result revealed flaxseeds supplementation increased (P<0.05) milk production of the camels as compared to the control (6.5 and 4.1 litre/day, respectively). Supplementation of flaxseed increased milk fat percentage (4.2 versus 3.7%) and decreased milk lactose (4.1 versus 4.35%) as compared to the control (P<0.05). But milk protein and ash were not different between treatments (P>0.05). Using supplemental flaxseeds in camels diet decreased saturated fatty acids and increased unsaturated fatty acids such as C18 and CLA (P<0.05). The value for C18:3 were 0.97 and 1.51% for control and flaxseed treatment, respectively. The current result showed that supplementation of heated flaxseed gradually at the rate of by 100-250 g/day in weekly interval to dromedary dairy camels’ increased milk production and percentage of unsaturated fatty acids with decreased saturated fatty acids composition of milk, which could be able to influence the heart health. Hence, it is recommended that supplementation of 100-250 g flaxseed in dromedary camels’ diet for increasing of omega-3 and improves the milk quality toward health aims.


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Saxena Navneet, Mohan Chander, Sreehari S, Sharma ML, Kumar Krishna, Mudgal Vishal and Lal D (2019). Effect of bypass fat supplementation on productive and reproductive performance in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ruminant Science 8(2):177-180.


39-Title: Medico-surgical management of retropharyngeal oedema in a buffalo

Authors: DK Sharma, E Kalaiselvan, Raguvaran R and DB Mondal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):193-194.


How to cite this manuscript: Sharma DK, Kalaiselvan E, Raguvaran R and Mondal DB (2020). Medico-surgical management of retropharyngeal oedema in a buffalo. Ruminant Science 9(1):193-194.


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