42-Title: Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants

42-Title: Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants

Authors: S Purohit, Atul Yadav, Ankit Negi, PVV Reddy, Arpit Kaushal, Kaushal, Gulshan Kumar and RP Pandey

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):419-428.

How to cite this manuscript: Purohit S, Yadav Atul, Negi Ankit, Reddy PVV, Kaushal Arpit, Kaushal, Kumar Gulshan and Pandey RP (2020). Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants. Ruminant Science 9(2):419-428.


The present study was conducted on 173 animals suffering from different types of affections of the urinary system of which 23.12% were cows, 38.73% buffaloes, 24.28% goats and 13.87% sheep, which on anamnesis and clinical examination revealed obstructive urolithiasis (84.48%), urachus pervious (9.25%) and urethral diverticulum (5.78%). In selected cases, ultrasonographic and radiographic examinations were conducted to assess the organ’s condition and adhesions. The animals suffering from obstructive urolithiasis (n=147) were treated by amputation of the urethral process (6.8%), urethrotomy & urethrostomy (7.45%) and tube cystotomy (85.72%). The animals suffering with urachus pervious (n=16) were managed by conservative and surgical ligation of the urachus, while with urethral diverticulum were treated by urethral diverticulectomy (5.78%). Amputation of the urethral process should be conducted prior to shifting to other surgical processes in bucks and rams. The conservative treatment of urachus pervious should be tried before the surgical ligation in all animals. In ruminants, tube cystotomy was found to be a more appropriate and cost-effective treatment for the rupture of the urinary bladder and urethra. Ammonium chloride @ 400 mg/kg body weight helped to dislodge the calculi in ruminants. It is recommended to feed ammonium chloride and sodium chloride to prevent calculi formation by increasing the acidity and volume of the urine, respectively.


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41-Title: Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations

41-Title: Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations

Authors: Beenish Qureshi, Mujeeb ur Rehman Fazili, Nida handoo, Raja Aijaz Ahmad,

Shahid Hussain Dar and Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):413-418.

How to cite this manuscript: Qureshi Beenish, Fazili MR, Handoo Nida, Ahmad RA, Dar SH and Gugjoo MB (2020). Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations. Ruminant Science 9(2):413-418.


The clinical signs were recorded in 24 sheep presented with single foot lameness for an average duration of eight days. The mean age and body weight (Mean±SE) were 26.92±5.31 months and 35.21±4.12kg, respectively. Female (n=18) sheep outnumbered the males (n=6). Forelimbs (75.00%) and right feet (62.50%) were involved in the majority of the sheep. The lateral claws were affected more frequently. The interdigital skin lesions were noticed in 10/24 and local alopecia in nine animals. Seven sheep had lesions in the sole, four in the coronary area and three in the heel. Majority (79.17%) of the sheep had lesions showing discharges. Twelve animals had overgrown hooves and 10 also showed loose and under-run solar horn. The mean increase in the pastern circumference was 0.49 inches (range 0.2 to 1.0inches). Gross contamination was detected in 58.33% sheep. Mean±SE values of rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rates were 101.91±0.50 oF, 96.29±5.30 beats per minute and 33.33±4.57 breaths per minute, respectively. The rumen motility and Capillary Refill Time (CRT) values were 1.54±0.17 per two minutes and 1.25±0.28 seconds respectively. The visible mucus membranes in nine sheep were pale and three showed congestion. The lameness and the pain scores were 2.33±0.26 and 2.08±0.29 respectively. From this study, it is concluded that adult female sheep most frequently suffer from acute foot affections. These animals exhibit a range of typical local symptoms, moderate pain and lameness. The farmer perception of animal health and welfare needs immediate improvement.


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40-Title: Prognostic utility of haemato-biochemical and peritoneal fluid parameters in bovines with caecal dilatation: A study on 15 clinical cases

40-Title: Prognostic utility of haemato-biochemical and peritoneal fluid parameters in bovines with caecal dilatation: A study on 15 clinical cases

Authors: Vinod Kumar Shukla, Ashwani Kumar, Vandana Sangwan and Ashwani Kumar Sharma

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):407-412.

How to cite this manuscript: Shukla VK, Kumar Ashwani, Sangwan Vandana and Sharma AK (2020). Prognostic utility of haemato-biochemical and peritoneal fluid parameters in bovines with caecal dilatation: A study on 15 clinical cases. Ruminant Science 9(2):407-412.


The study included 15 bovines (2 cows and 13 buffaloes) suffering from caecal dilatation. All the animals were subjected to haematology (Hb, TLC, DLC, PCV and Platelets) and serum biochemistry (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, chloride, lactate, albumin, total protein, total bilirubin, creatinine kinase, fibrinogen, lactate dehydrogenase) pre-operatively. Peritoneal fluid examination was done in 7 cases (1 cow and 6 buffaloes) that required surgical intervention. Out of 15, 4 responded to conservative therapy (group I) and out of remaining 11 (group II), 7 were subjected to surgical treatment (caecotomy from right flank). Out of 7, 4 survived (group III) and 3 died (group IV). Haemato-biochemical alterations were compared between the groups to work out diagnostic and prognostic indicators. Hypochloremia was recorded as a poor prognostic indicator, irrespective of therapeutic regimen followed. Markedly elevated serum levels of creatinine kinase (about 2 times) and lactate (3-4 times) appears to have diagnostic importance. Marginal neutrophilic (relative and absolute) leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypochloraemia and elevated levels of total bilirubin were observed in non-survivors. Marginally low peritoneal fluid levels of Na, P, Cl, Lactate, Albumin and total protein and elevated levels of total bilirubin, CK and LDH were recorded in non-survivor bovines suffering from caecal dilatation. Probably due to small sample size, it was not possible to establish the prognostic utility of various haemato-biochemical parameters in bovines suffering from caecal dilatation; further investigations on larger sample size are warranted.


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39-Title: Ultrasonographic characterization of common hepatic ailments in bovine

39-Title: Ultrasonographic characterization of common hepatic ailments in bovine

Authors: Prince Arora, Adarsh Kumar, Amit Kumar, Ajay Katoch, Mansi Bajaj and SP Tyagi

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):401-406.

How to cite this manuscript: Arora Prince, Kumar Adarsh, Kumar Amit, Katoch Ajay, Bajaj Mansi and Tyagi SP (2020). Ultrasonographic characterization of common hepatic ailments in bovine. Ruminant Science 9(2):401-406.


Diffuse hepatic disease, fascioliasis, and lantana toxicity are commonly observed hepatic ailments in bovines. Clinical signs observed in hepatic dysfunction were not much specific. Increased AST and GGT levels were observed indicating compromised liver function. Generalized hyperechoic foci in the liver parenchyma, double-walled gall bladder, and rounding of edges were observed in animals having the diffuse hepatic disease. The calcified intrahepatic bile duct was a characteristic finding in patients having fascioliasis. Peri-hepatic and peri-renal fluid accumulation in the case of Lantana toxicity was the main observation. Round to oval hyperechoic multiple foci spread over the hepatic parenchyma was prominent finding in cows suffering from lantana toxicity. Diagnosis of many hepatic ailments was difficult as signs may not be specific. Sonography provided a comprehensive architecture scan of liver and helped in the assessment of various complications like lantana toxicity, liver fascioliasis and cirrhosis etc . For Lantana toxicity prognosis can be predicted after evaluating the status of the kidney and the liver parenchyma with help of ultrasonography. Consistent changes pertaining to gall bladder size, wall thickness, bile ducts and vascularity coupled with the other tests can prove confirmatory liver affections.


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38-Title: Management of a large ventro-lateral abdominal hernia in Tharparkar cattle using polypropylene mesh-A case report

38-Title: Management of a large ventro-lateral abdominal hernia in Tharparkar cattle using polypropylene mesh-A case report

Authors: YP Singh, Vimlesh Kumar, MC Parashar and Satyaveer Singh

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):399-400.

How to cite this manuscript: Singh YP, Kumar Vimlesh, Parashar MC and Singh Satyaveer (2020). Management of a large ventro-lateral abdominal hernia in Tharparkar cattle using polypropylene mesh-A case report. Ruminant Science 9(2):399-400.


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Purohit S, Sharma Prabha, Raveendra RT, Sharma Chetan, Yadav Atul, Negi Ankit, Reddy PVV, Kaushal Arpit, Kaushal and Pandey RP (2020). Diagnosis and surgical management of different types of hernias in ruminants. Ruminant Science 9(1):173-186.

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37-Title: Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants

37-Title: Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants

Authors: Sandeep Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Ankit Dangi, RN Chaudhary, Ram Niwas and Dinesh

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):395-398.

How to cite this manuscript: Kumar Sandeep, Kumar Ashok, Dangi Ankit, Chaudhary RN, Niwas Ram and Dinesh (2020). Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants. Ruminant Science 9(2):395-398.


The present study was conducted on eleven large ruminants (cattle and buffaloes) regardless of breed, age and sex with a history of large open wounds with no possibility of the suture. Most of the wounds were infected, large in size, and had no tendency to heal with routine clinical treatment. Animals were treated with topical application of 10% Calendula officinalis (mother tincture) with 10% Curcuma longa in glycerine base twice a day at institute hospital. While under field condition, animals were treated with a paste of turmeric powder in fresh calendula petal juice twice a day. Post-treatment follow up was taken up to complete wound healing. Wound healing properties of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa found to be effective for massive open wounds in ruminants.


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36-Title: Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat

36-Title: Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat

Authors: SN Yadav, G Bordoloi, MP Baishya, N Ahmed, AJ Nath, P Thakuria, R Devi and BK Sarma

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):393-394.

How to cite this manuscript: Yadav SN, Bordoloi G, Baishya MP, Ahmed N, Nath AJ, Thakuria P, Devi R and Sarma BK (2020). Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat. Ruminant Science 9(2):393-394.


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35-Title: ovine harlequin ichthyosis in a female buffalo calf

35-Title: Bovine harlequin ichthyosis in a female buffalo calf

Authors: K Sindhu, Mahadevappa Gouri and Bharath B Kantharaju

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):391-392.

How to cite this manuscript: Sindhu K, Gouri Mahadevappa and Kantharaju BB (2020). Bovine harlequin ichthyosis in a female buffalo calf. Ruminant Science 9(2):391-392.


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34-Title: Cardiac troponin I: A prognostic marker of myocardial damage in dairy cow infected with anaplasmosis and fascioliasis

34-Title: Cardiac troponin I: A prognostic marker of myocardial damage in dairy cow infected with anaplasmosis and fascioliasis

Authors: K Jayalakshmi, M Venkatesan, M Veeraselvam, M Saravanan, S Yogeshpriya, P Selvaraj, N Premalatha and A Latchumikanthan

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):389-390.

How to cite this manuscript: Jayalakshmi K, Venkatesan M, Veeraselvam M, Saravanan M, Yogeshpriya S, Selvaraj P, Premalatha N and Latchumikanthan A (2020). Cardiac troponin I: A prognostic marker of myocardial damage in dairy cow infected with anaplasmosis and fascioliasis. Ruminant Science 9(2):389-390.


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33-Title: Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia

33-Title: Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia

Authors: AK Limba, Sarita and R Nehra

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):387-388.

How to cite this manuscript: Limba AK, Sarita and Nehra R (2020). Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia. Ruminant Science 9(2):387-388.


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