29

29-Title: Vasectomy in a spotted deer (Axis axis) at zoo

Authors: JA Quazi and Hemant Joshi

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):239-240.

How to cite this manuscript: Quazi JA and Joshi Hemant (2013). Vasectomy in a spotted deer (Axis axis) at zoo. Ruminant Science 2(2):239-240.

References

Dhanlakshmi S, Jayasimha and Nanjappa KA (2007). Mass vasectomy in Black Bucks (Antilope cervicapra). Zoos’ Print Journal 22(11):2895-2896.

Kumar Vijay and Raj Anshu (2011). Vasectomy in captive Sambar stag (Cervus unicornis). International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences 5(4):397-400.

Palit M (2012). Retrieved from http://cza.nic.in/vasectomy.pdf.

Sontakke SD, Reddy AP, Umapathy G and Shivaji S (2007). Anesthesia induced by administration of xylazine hydrochloride alone or in combination with ketamine hydrochloride and reversal by administration of yohimbin hydrochloride in captive axis deer (Axis axis). American Journal of Veterinary Research 68(1):20-24.

28

 

28-Title: Extraction of incisor teeth in buffalo: A case report

Authors: S Purohit, V Malik, G Kumar and RP Pandey

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):237-238.

How to cite this manuscript: Purohit S, Malik V, Kumar G and Pandey RP (2013). Extraction of incisor teeth in buffalo: A case report. Ruminant Science 2(2):237-238.

References

DeBowes LJ (2005). Simple and surgical exodontia. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 35(4):963-84.

Turner AS and McIlwraith CW (1989). Repulsion of cheek teeth. In: Techniques in Large Animal Surgery. Eds: AS Turner and CW McIlwraith. 2nd Edn, Philadelphia, USA: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins 235-239.

Vlaminck L, Verhaert L, Steenhaut M and Gasthuys F (2007). Tooth extraction techniques in horses, pet animals and man. Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 76(4): 249-261.

27

27-Title: Surgical repair of meningocele in a buffalo calf: A case report

Authors: Prasoon Dubey, V Remya, Rohit Kumar, Poonam Shakya and Naveen Kumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):233-235.

How to cite this manuscript: Dubey Prasoon, Remya V, Kumar Rohit, Shakya Poonam and Kumar Naveen (2013). Surgical repair of meningocele in a buffalo calf: A case report. Ruminant Science 2(2):233-235.

References

Alkan I, Bakýr B, Dilek FH and Belge A (1995). Ýki Akkaraman kuzuda eningoensefalosel olgusu. YYÜ Sað Bil Derg 1:71-75.

Back W, van den Belt AJ, Lagerweij E, van Overbeeke JJ and van der Velden MA (1991). Surgical repair of a cranial meningocele in a calf. Veterinary Record 128:569-571.

Belge A, Gönenci R, Biricik HS and Ormanci S (2000). Buzaðýlarda doðmasal anomali olgularý. YYÜ Vet Fak Derg 11:23-26.

Hazýroðlu R and Milli UH (1997) Sinir sistemi, In: Veteriner Patoloji, 1. cilt, birinci Baský, Tamer Matbaacýlýk, Ankara, Türkiye, p 238.

Hoogmoed LV, Yarbrough TB, Lecouteur RA and Hornof WJ (1999). Surgical repair of a thoracic meningocele in a foal. Veterinary Surgery 28:496-500.

Kaya M, Okumuº Z, Doðan E, Çetin EM and Yanmaz LE (2011). Erzurum yöresindeki buzaðýlarda doðmasal anomalilerin görülme sýklýðý ve sað kalým oranlarý. FÜ Sað Bil Vet Derg 25:83-93.

Köm M, Karabulut E, Han CM and Çeribaþý AO (2009). Bir buzaðýda konjenital meningosel olgusunun cerrahi saðaltýmý. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg 15:979-982.

Kumar RVS and Ramakrishna O (1996). An unusual case of meningocele in a day-old calf. Indian Veterinary Journal 73:1078-1079.

Lopez MJ and Wilson DG (2000). Crania bifida with meningocele in a Holstein calf. Large Animal Practice 21:16-19.

Maxie MG and Youssef S (2007). Nervous System, In: Jubb, Kennedy and Palmer’s Pathology of Domestic Animals. Eds: MG Maxie, 5th Edn, Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, USA. pp 301-302.

Ohba Y, Iguchi T, Hirose Y, Takasu M, Nishii N, Maeda S and Kitagawa H (2008). Computer tomography diagnosis of meningoencephalocele in a calf. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Science 70:829-831.

Özaydýn Ý, Okumuº Z, Baran V and Kýlýç E (1996). Meningoselli bir Morkaraman kuzuda kranioplasti. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg 1:103-109.

Purohit S, Singh P, Malik V, Kumar D, Kumar G, Katiyar P and Pandey RP (2011). Successful surgical management of cranial maningocoele in a female buffalo calf.  Compendium of VI convention of UP chapter of Indian Society for Veterinary Surgery, Lucknow, October 16. p 36.

Raoofi A, Dehghan MM, Mardjanmehr SH, Soroori S, Hemmatzadeh F, Lotfollahzadeh S and Nekoei SH (2004). Cranium bifidum with meningocele in a lamb. Small Ruminant Research  55:253-256.

Rivas LJ, Hinchcliff KW and Robertson JT (1996). Cervical meningomyelocele associated with spina bifida in a hydrocephalic miniature colt. Journal of American Veterinary Association 209:950-953.

Rosai MD (1981). Surgical Pathology, Vol 2. Mosby Company, London. pp 1556-1557.

Zani DD, De Zani D, Morandi N, Biggi M, Belloli AG, Riccaboni P, Rondena M, Di Giancamillo M and Pravettoni D (2010). Imaging diagnosis-split cord malformation. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound 51:57-60.

26

26-Title: Umbilical hernioplasty using acellular bovine diaphragm matrix in a calf

Authors: V Remya, Poonam Shakya, TB Sivnarayan, Prasoon Dubey, AM Pawde and Naveen Kumar

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):229-231.

How to cite this manuscript: Remya V, Shakya Poonam, Sivnarayan TB, Dubey Prasoon, Pawde AM and Kumar Naveen (2013). Umbilical hernioplasty using acellular bovine diaphragm matrix in a calf. Ruminant Science 2(2):229-231.

References

Davies JW (1983). Synthetic materials for covering burn wounds: progress towards perfection. Part I. Short term dressing materials. Burns 10(2):94-103.

Engelsman AF, Van der Mei HC, Ploeg RJ and Busscher HJ (2007). The phenomenon of infection with abdominal wall reconstruction. Biomaterials  28:2314-2327.

Gangwar AK, Sharma AK, Kumar Naveen and Kumar N (2003). Surgical management of ventral hernia with glutaraldehyde treated acellular dermal graft in a goat. Veterinary Practitioner 4:25-26.

Gilbert TW, Sellaro TL and Badylak SF (2006). Decellularization of tissues and organs. Biomaterials 27:3675-3683.

Kumar Vineet, Devarathnam J, Gangwar AK, Kumar Naveen, Sharma AK, Pawde AM and Singh H (2012). Use of acellular aortic matrix for reconstruction of abdominal hernias in buffaloes. Veterinary Record 170: 392-393.

Kumar Vineet, Gangwar AK, Mathew DD, Ahmed RA, Saxena AC and Kumar Naveen (2013 a). Acellular dermal matrix for surgical repair of ventral hernia in horses. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 33(4):238-243.

Kumar Vineet, Mathew DD, Kumar Naveen,  Singh K and Ahmed RA (2013 b). EDC-crosslinked acellular aortic matrix of buffalo origin for the repair of inguinal hernia in horses. Equine Veterinary Education (doi: 10.1111/eve.12051).

Kumar Vineet, Kumar Naveen, Gangwar AK and Saxena AC (2013 c). Repair of umbilical hernias using acellular aortic matrix in calves. Australian Veterinary Journal (doi: 10.1111/avj.12058).

Kumar Vineet, Kumar Naveen, Mathew DD, Gangwar AK, Saxena AC and Remya V (2013 d). Repair of abdominal wall hernias using acellular dermal matrix in goats. Journal of Applied Animal Research 41(1):117-120.

Molloy RG,Moran KT and Waldron RP (1991).  Massive incisional hernia (abdominal wall replacement with marlex mesh). British Journal of Surgery 78:242-244.

Purohit S, Malik V, Awasthi N, Kumar D, Katiyar P, Kumar G, Pandey RP and Singh B (2012). Umbilical hernioplasty using nylon mesh in adult buffalo. Ruminant Science 1(2):191-193.

Tyrell J, Silberman H, Chandrasoma P, Niland J and Shull J (1989). Absorbable V/S permanent mesh in abdominal operation. Surgery Gynaecology and Obstetrics 168:227-232.

Voytik-Harbin SL, Brightman AO, Waisner BZ, Robinson JP and Lamar CH (1998). Small intestinal submucosa: A tissue-derived extracellular matrix that promotestissue-specific growth and differentiation of cells in-vitro. Tissue Engineering 4:157-174.

25

25-Title: Post-partum uterine prolapse in mithun (Bos frontalis): A case report

Authors: Pranjal Borah and Taba Heli

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):227-228.

How to cite this manuscript: Borah Pranjal and Heli Taba (2013). Post-partum uterine prolapse in mithun (Bos frontalis): A case report.  Ruminant Science 2(2):227-228.

References

Arthur GH, Noakes DE and Pearson H (1989). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 6th Edn, ELBS, Tindall. pp 145-152.

Roberts SJ (1971). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. 2nd Edn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, p 308.

Shisode MG, Khanvilkar AV, Kulkarni MD, Samant SR, Yadav GB and Bawaskar MS (2009). Mithun : The Pride animal of North-eastern hilly region of India. Veterinary World 2(12): 480-481.

24

24-Title: Foetal mummification in a goat: A case study

Authors: KH Parmar, RJ Raval, KB Vala, GB Solanki and JS Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):225-226.

How to cite this manuscript: Parmar KH, Raval RJ, Vala KB, Solanki GB and Patel JS (2013). Foetal mummification in a goat: A case study. Ruminant Science 2(2):225-226.

References

Broaddus CC, Lamm CG, Kapil S, Dawson L and Holyoak GR (2009). Bovine viral diarrhea virus abortion in goats housed with persistently infected cattle. Veterinary Pathology 46:45-53.

Luedke AJ (1985). Effect of blue tongue virus on reproduction in sheep and cattle. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research 178:71-78.

Patel SC, Patel MP, Desai SB and Nakhashi HC (2012a). Haematic mummification associated with uterine torsion in a Kankrej cow. Ruminant Science 1(2):199-200.

Patel MP, Patel SC, Patel JB, Suthar BN, Nakhashi HC and Sharma VK (2012b). Foetal mummification in buffalo-A case report. Ruminant Science 1(1):93-94.

Purohit GN (2006). Parturition related disorders in sheep and goats In: National Seminar on Innovations and  Recent  Advances  in   Reproduction   for Augmenting Small Ruminant Production Dec 28-30, Avikanagar, Jaipur, India pp 227-231.

Purohit GN, Shekher C, Kumar P and Solanki K (2012). Induced termination of pregnancy in domestic farm animals. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science 2(1):1-12.

Roberts SJ (1971). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. 2nd Edn, CBS Publisher and Distributors, Delhi, pp 170-173.

Sharma SP, Bajpoledi EK, Nyange JF and Tlagae L (2003). Isolation of toxoplasma gondii from goats with history of reproductive disorders and the prevalence of toxoplasma and chlamydial antibodies. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 70:65-68.

Singh B, Gangwar AK, Singh SV, Singh JP and Singh HN (2008). Accidental prepubic tendon rupture and fetal mummification in a goat. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 29:234-235.

Smith MC (1979). Fetal mummification in a goat due to Japanese pieris (Pieris japonica) poisoning. Cornell Veterinarian 69:85-87.

23

23-Title: Post-parturient complete uterine eversion in a Surti goat: A case report

Authors: PM Chauhan, TV Sutaria, VK Maheswari and VK Sharma

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):223-224.

How to cite this manuscript: Chauhan PM, Sutaria TV, Maheswari VK and Sharma VK (2013). Post-parturient complete uterine eversion in a Surti goat: A case report. Ruminant Science 2(2):223-224.

Reference

Noakes DE, Parkinson TJ and England GCW (2001). Arthur’s Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. Saunders, pp 333-338.

Patterson DJ, Bellowsa RA and Burfeningz PJ (1981). Effect of caesarean section, retained placenta and vaginal or uterine prolapse on subsequent fertility in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 53:916-921.

Roberts SJ (1971). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases, 2ndEdn, CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, p 308.

Selvaraju M, Ravikumar K, Palanisamy M, Prabaharan, V, Napolean RE, Ravi R and Chandrahasan C (2010).Total uterine prolapse after abortion in a goat. Indian Journal of Field Veterinarians 5(3):73.

Singh G, Pandey AK, Kumar R and Kumar S (2011). Post-parturient uterine prolapse in a goat-A case report. Veterinary Prectitioner 12 (2):192-193.

22

22-Title: Uterine torsion in buffaloes: A retrospective analysis of 52 cases

Authors: GN Purohit, JS Mehta, Sunanda Sharma, Chandra Shekher, Pramod Kumar, Amit Kumar, Sunil Raiya, Swati Ruhil and  Mitesh Gaur

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):219-222.

How to cite this manuscript: Purohit GN, Mehta JS, Sharma Sunanda, Shekher Chandra, Kumar Pramod , Kumar Amit, Raiya Sunil, Ruhil Swati and  Gaur Mitesh (2013). Uterine torsion in buffaloes: A retrospective analysis of 52 cases. Ruminant Science 2(2):219-222.

Abstract

A retrospective study of 52 cases of uterine torsion in buffaloes from the referral center during 2010 to 2012 is presented. Uterine torsion was diagnosed by per rectal and per vaginal examination and was corrected by either Schaeffer’s method or cesarean section. The incidence study revealed the respective incidence of 88.46% (46/52) and 11.54% (6/52) of right and left sided uterine torsion. Torsion could be corrected by rolling in 61.54% (32/52) of the cases treated within 36 h of second stage of labor whereas 38.46% (20/52) of the cases required cesarean section for correction of the condition and fetal delivery. Fetal delivery was possible immediately after detorsion by rolling in 65.62% (21/32) buffaloes whereas in 34.38% (11/32) buffaloes the fetus could not be delivered because of cervical dilation failure. These buffaloes were treated with 500 µg of cloprostenol resulting in spontaneous fetal deliveries or deliveries with little manual help 24-48 h later. The dam survival was high in cesarean operated buffaloes and only 10.0% (2/20) buffaloes died within 72 h of the operation due to development of severe peritonitis, whereas no animal died in which uterine torsion was corrected by rolling. A large proportion of the fetuses delivered were male (28/52; 53.84%) and only 17.30% (9/52) of the fetuses could be delivered alive. It was concluded that buffaloes mostly have a right sided pre-cervical uterine torsion and this can be easily corrected by rolling when buffaloes are presented early (within 36 h) to the clinician. Cesarean section can deliver calves in uterine torsion affected buffaloes but when the time of presentation is beyond 72 h the survival of the dam becomes difficult.

References

Brar PS, Saigal RP, Nanda AS and Sharma RD (2008). Role of broad ligament in the causation of uterine torsion in dairy buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Science 78:940-42.

Dhaliwal GS, Prabhakar S, Sharma RD (1992). Intestinal obstruction in association with torsion of uterus in a buffalo. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 12:42-43.

Dhaliwal GS, Prabhakar S, Singh P and Sharma RD (1991). Effects of injudicious handling of uterine torsion on survival rate of dam in buffaloes (Bubalis bubalis). Pakistan Veterinary Journal 11:117-19.

Ghosh SK, Singh M, Prasad JK, Kumar A and Rajoriya RS (2013). Uterine torsion in bovines-A review. Intas Polivet 14:16-20.

Ghuman SPS (2010). Uterine torsion in bovines: A review. Indian Journal of Animal Science 80:289-305.

Matharu SS and Prabhakar S (2001). Clinical observations and success of treatment of uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 22:45-48.

Murty KK, Prasad V and Murty PR (1999). Clinical observations on uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 76:643-45.

Prabhakar S, Matharu SS, Gandotra VK and Brar PS (2007). Corpus luteum does not contribute to higher progesterone concentration around parturition in buffaloes with uterine torsion. Indian Journal of Animal Science 77:956-959.

Prasad S, Rohit K and Maurya SN (2000). Efficacy of Laparohysterotomy and rolling of dam to treat uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian Veterinary Journal 77:784-786.

Purohit GN, Barolia Y, Shekher C and Kumar P (2011a). Maternal Dystocia in cows and buffaloes: A review. Open Journal of Animal Science 1:41-53.

Purohit GN, Barolia Y, Shekher C and Kumar (2011b). Diagnosis and correction of uterine torsion in cattle and buffaloes. Raksha Technical Review 1:11-17.

Purohit GN, Kumar P, Solanki K, Shekher C and Yadav SP (2012). Perspectives of fetal dystocia in cattle and buffaloes. Veterinary Science Development 2(e8): 31-42.

Purohit GN (2013). Maternal dystocia and uterine torsion in buffaloes. In: Bubaline Theriogenology, Eds GN Purohit and A Borghese. www.ivis.org; A5715.0113.

Sharma SP, Agrawal KBP and Singh DP (1995). Torsion of gravid uterus and laparohysterectomy in bovine – A report on 72 clinical cases. Indian Veterinary Journal 72:1180-82.

Siddiquee GM and Mehta BM (1992). Uterine torsion in a buffalo with viable twins. Indian Veterinary Journal 69:257-258.

Singh J, Prasad B and Rathore SS (1978). Torsio uteri in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). An anlaysis of 65 cases. Indian Veterinary Journal 55:161-165.

Srinivas M, Sreenu M, Lakshmi RN, Naidu KS and Prasad VD (2007). Studies on dystocia in graded Murrah buffaloes: A retrospective study. Buffalo Bulletin 26:40-45.

21

21-Title: Physico-morphological characteristics of Bhadawari buffalo bull semen

Authors: Alok K Sahrawat, Atul Saxena and Sanjay K Mishra

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):215-217.

How to cite this manuscript: Sahrawat Alok K, Saxena Atul and Mishra Sanjay K (2013). Physico-morphological characteristics of Bhadawari buffalo bull semen. Ruminant Science 2(2):215-217.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the semen quality of Bhadawari buffalo bulls. Semen samples (n=56) from four Bhadawari buffalo bulls aged between 3.5-5 years maintained under the RKVY project on conservation of Bhadawari bulls, at ILFC College of Veterinary Science, DUVASU, Mathura (UP), India were collected using artificial vagina. The mean ejaculate volume, mass motility, concentration, total sperm concentration, progressive motility, livability and total sperm abnormalities were recorded as 2.76±0.11 ml, 3.41±0.06, 2271.20±69.92 millions/ml, 6374.16±353.11 millions, 75.39±.48%, 85.76±1.11% and 3.82±.24%, respectively.

References

Agarwal SK and Tomar OS (1998). Reproductive Technologies in Buffalo. IVRI Research Publication 37:28-39.

Belorkar PM, Dhami AJ, Derashri HJ and Kodagali SB (1990). Studies on seminal and mensurational characteristics of spermatozoa and their interrelationships with freezability and fertility in crossbred bulls. PKV Research Journal 14:165-173.

El-wishy AB (1978). Reproduction performance of Iraqi buffaloes: Seasonal variation in sexual desire and semen characteristics. Zuchthygiens 13:28-32.

Jainudeen MR, Bongso TA and Dass S (1982). Semen characteristics of Swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Animal Reproduction Science 4:213-217.

Koonjaenak S, Chanatinart V, Aiumlamai S, Pinyopumimintr T and Rodriguez-Martinez H (2007). Seasonal variation in semen quality of swamp buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) in Thailand. Asian Journal of Andrology 9:92-101.

Nazir M (1988). Semen evaluation and sperm morphology-Monography on reproductive pattern of Riverine buffaloes and recommendations to improve their reproductive performance at small farmer level. PARC, Islamabad.

Rahman A, Dutta JC, Rajkonwar CK and Nath KC (1991). Studies on semen characteristics of buffalo bulls. Livestock Adviser 16:27-32.

Raizada BC, Sattar A and Pandey MD (1988). A comparative study of freezing buffalo semen in two dilutors. Proceedings of  II World Buffalo Congress. New Delhi, India.

Rehman Zia ur, Uris Samo M, Qureshi TA, Khan S, Qureshi MS and Raziq A (2011). Studies on the freezability of Kundhi buffalo bull semen. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 22(2 Suppl) 18-23:1018-7081.

Rijsselaere T, Van Soom A, Maes D, de Kruif A (2002). Use of the sperm quality analyzer (SQA II-C) for the assessment of dog sperm quality. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 37:158-163

Salisbury GW, Van Demarh NL and Lodge JR (1978). Physiology of Reproduction and Artificial Insemination of Cattle. 2nd Edn, Freeman and company, San Francisco, USA.

Sansone G, Nastri MJF and Fabbricini A (2000). Storage of buffalo (bubalus bubalis) semen. Animal Reproduction Science 55-76.

Sharma KC, Goel R, Shukla SN, Singh MR, Kumar S and Singh HN (2004). Seminal attributes of Bhadawari bull at initial stage of semen production. Indian Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics 25 (2):264.

Sharma KC, Goel R, Singh MR, Kumar S and Singh HN (2005). Conservation strategies for Bhadawari buffaloes. Proceedings on the National Seminar on Field Progeny Testing in Dairy Animals Methodology, Constraints and Solution, pp 24-25, 185-186.

Shelke VB and Dhami AJ (2001). Comparative evaluation of physico-morphological attributes and freezability of semen of Gir cattle (Bos indicus) and Jafarabadi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls. Indian Journal of Animal Science 71:319-324.

Sukhato P, Amornruji M, Chanatinart V, Sanithvong B and Uangvachanitgul R (1988). Swamp buffaloes semen characteristics during different seasons of the years: A sperm morphology study. Bangkok, Thailand: Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, 194-203.

Terezinha AP, Gomes M, Castro D, Eraldo M, Jocelim MG and Fernando JCDG (1991). Physical and biochemical characteristics from Murrah buffalo bulls’ semen. 3rd Buffalo Congress Bulgaria, Symp. IV. p 571.

Vyawanare R, Chauhan RAS, Nema SP and Porwal ML (1989). Studies on seminal attributes and preservability of buffalo semen .Indian Veterinary Journal 66(12):1128-1129.

20

20-Title: Kidding pattern of Pantja goat under farm condition

Authors: Vandana, Jyoti Palod, Brijesh Kumar and DV Singh

Source: Ruminant Science (2013)-2(2):211-213.

How to cite this manuscript: Vandana, Palod Jyoti, Kumar Brijesh and Singh DV (2013). Kidding pattern of Pantja goat under farm condition. Ruminant Science 2(2):211-213.

Abstract

Pantja are the local goats of Tarai region of Uttarakhand. They are recognized for similarity with deer in their morphological characteristics. Present investigation was carried out on Goat maintained at Department of Livestock Production and Management, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pantnagar during March 2010 to November 2010. The experiment was carried out on a total of 20 primiparous local Pantja goats. The results of the experiment indicated that the percentage of male and female kids born were 52.5 and 47.5 respectively while the percentage of twin birth and single kidding was 60 and 40, respectively. Among singlets born 40 per cent were male while 60 per cent female. Temporal distribution of kidding revealed that during 12.00 to 18.00 hr maximum kidding took place (52 per cent), whereas minimum kidding took place between 18.00-24.00 hr (4 per cent).

References

Adebambo OA, Samuel AO and Onakade AD (1994). Causes of variation in reproductive performance of West Africa dwarf goat.  Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 21:29-36.

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Mehta VM, Deshpande SB, Pai J, Tiwari S and Patel AV (1990). Pregnancy and parturition behaviour of Surti and Marwari goats. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 11:46-48.

Panigrahi B and Mahapatra PS (1997). Reproductive performance of local goats of Phulbani district of Orissa. Ecology and Environment 15:463-465.

Ramierz A, Quiles A, Hevia M and Sotillo F (1995). Observation on the birth of goats. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 75:165-167.

Singh DV, Vandana, Singh SK and Arora N (2010). Biometric Studies with respect to knuckling behavior of Pantaja Goats during grazing. Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management 26(1-2):105-107.

Singh LP (1987). Goat production in Tripura. Research Bulletin No. 28, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Tripura centre, Lembucherra.