41-Title: Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations

41-Title: Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations

Authors: Beenish Qureshi, Mujeeb ur Rehman Fazili, Nida handoo, Raja Aijaz Ahmad,

Shahid Hussain Dar and Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):413-418.

How to cite this manuscript: Qureshi Beenish, Fazili MR, Handoo Nida, Ahmad RA, Dar SH and Gugjoo MB (2020). Foot affections in sheep: Clinical observations. Ruminant Science 9(2):413-418.


The clinical signs were recorded in 24 sheep presented with single foot lameness for an average duration of eight days. The mean age and body weight (Mean±SE) were 26.92±5.31 months and 35.21±4.12kg, respectively. Female (n=18) sheep outnumbered the males (n=6). Forelimbs (75.00%) and right feet (62.50%) were involved in the majority of the sheep. The lateral claws were affected more frequently. The interdigital skin lesions were noticed in 10/24 and local alopecia in nine animals. Seven sheep had lesions in the sole, four in the coronary area and three in the heel. Majority (79.17%) of the sheep had lesions showing discharges. Twelve animals had overgrown hooves and 10 also showed loose and under-run solar horn. The mean increase in the pastern circumference was 0.49 inches (range 0.2 to 1.0inches). Gross contamination was detected in 58.33% sheep. Mean±SE values of rectal temperature, heart rate and respiration rates were 101.91±0.50 oF, 96.29±5.30 beats per minute and 33.33±4.57 breaths per minute, respectively. The rumen motility and Capillary Refill Time (CRT) values were 1.54±0.17 per two minutes and 1.25±0.28 seconds respectively. The visible mucus membranes in nine sheep were pale and three showed congestion. The lameness and the pain scores were 2.33±0.26 and 2.08±0.29 respectively. From this study, it is concluded that adult female sheep most frequently suffer from acute foot affections. These animals exhibit a range of typical local symptoms, moderate pain and lameness. The farmer perception of animal health and welfare needs immediate improvement.


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42-Title: Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants

42-Title: Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants

Authors: S Purohit, Atul Yadav, Ankit Negi, PVV Reddy, Arpit Kaushal, Kaushal, Gulshan Kumar and RP Pandey

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):419-428.

How to cite this manuscript: Purohit S, Yadav Atul, Negi Ankit, Reddy PVV, Kaushal Arpit, Kaushal, Kumar Gulshan and Pandey RP (2020). Clinical management of urinary surgical conditions in ruminants. Ruminant Science 9(2):419-428.


The present study was conducted on 173 animals suffering from different types of affections of the urinary system of which 23.12% were cows, 38.73% buffaloes, 24.28% goats and 13.87% sheep, which on anamnesis and clinical examination revealed obstructive urolithiasis (84.48%), urachus pervious (9.25%) and urethral diverticulum (5.78%). In selected cases, ultrasonographic and radiographic examinations were conducted to assess the organ’s condition and adhesions. The animals suffering from obstructive urolithiasis (n=147) were treated by amputation of the urethral process (6.8%), urethrotomy & urethrostomy (7.45%) and tube cystotomy (85.72%). The animals suffering with urachus pervious (n=16) were managed by conservative and surgical ligation of the urachus, while with urethral diverticulum were treated by urethral diverticulectomy (5.78%). Amputation of the urethral process should be conducted prior to shifting to other surgical processes in bucks and rams. The conservative treatment of urachus pervious should be tried before the surgical ligation in all animals. In ruminants, tube cystotomy was found to be a more appropriate and cost-effective treatment for the rupture of the urinary bladder and urethra. Ammonium chloride @ 400 mg/kg body weight helped to dislodge the calculi in ruminants. It is recommended to feed ammonium chloride and sodium chloride to prevent calculi formation by increasing the acidity and volume of the urine, respectively.


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31-Title: Seasonal changes in seminal plasma biochemical parameters of NARI Suwarna rams

31-Title: Seasonal changes in seminal plasma biochemical parameters of NARI Suwarna rams

Authors: Venkanagouda Doddagoudar, MK Tandle, RG Bijurkar, NA Patil, Ashok Pawar, Shrikant Kulkarni and Vinay Tikare

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):379-382.

How to cite this manuscript: Doddagoudar Venkanagouda, Tandle MK, Bijurkar RG, Patil NA, Pawar Ashok, Kulkarni Shrikant and Tikare Vinay (2020). Seasonal changes in seminal plasma biochemical parameters of NARI Suwarna rams. Ruminant Science 9(2):379-382.


The seminal plasma composition of NARI Suwarna rams, a strain of sheep with improved reproductive capability was evaluated over six months, divided equally into breeding (winter) and non-breeding (summer) seasons. The lipid peroxidation during the non-breeding season was significantly higher, whereas all other estimated parameters viz. total protein, cholesterol, AST, ALT and ALP did not show any significant variation (p>0.05) between or within breeding (winter) and non-breeding (summer) seasons.


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32-Title: Efficacy of epididymal spermatozoa for in vitro fertilization in caprine species

32-Title: Efficacy of epididymal spermatozoa for in vitro fertilization in caprine species

Authors: A Suresh, MK Shukla, Dharmendra Kumar, OP Shrivastava and Neeraj Verma

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):383-386.

How to cite this manuscript: Suresh A, Shukla MK, Kumar Dharmendra, Shrivastava OP and Verma Neeraj (2020). Efficacy of epididymal spermatozoa for in vitro fertilization in caprine species. Ruminant Science 9(2):383-386.


The fertilization capacity of caprine epididymal spermatozoa in an in vitro embryo production system was evaluated in this study. Oocytes and spermatozoa were recovered from ovaries and epididymis, respectively, procured from a local small animal abattoir. The abattoir derived cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were subjected to in vitro maturation and in vitro fertilization with epididymal spermatozoa harvested from the epididymis of slaughtered animals collected within 2-3 hours of slaughter and stored at 4oC up to 24 hours. Cytoplasmic maturation, cleavage and blastocyst rates of 89.78±0.50, 63.88±2.33 and 25.38±2.08%, respectively were recorded for in vitro embryo production with abattoir derived male and female gametes. In conclusion, the use of abattoir derived spermatozoa for in vitro embryo production can be useful for the conservation of elite germplasm from dead animals.


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33-Title: Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia

33-Title: Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia

Authors: AK Limba, Sarita and R Nehra

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):387-388.

How to cite this manuscript: Limba AK, Sarita and Nehra R (2020). Ischiopagus monster in Murrah buffalo (Bubalus bubalis): A cause of dystocia. Ruminant Science 9(2):387-388.


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34-Title: Cardiac troponin I: A prognostic marker of myocardial damage in dairy cow infected with anaplasmosis and fascioliasis

34-Title: Cardiac troponin I: A prognostic marker of myocardial damage in dairy cow infected with anaplasmosis and fascioliasis

Authors: K Jayalakshmi, M Venkatesan, M Veeraselvam, M Saravanan, S Yogeshpriya, P Selvaraj, N Premalatha and A Latchumikanthan

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):389-390.

How to cite this manuscript: Jayalakshmi K, Venkatesan M, Veeraselvam M, Saravanan M, Yogeshpriya S, Selvaraj P, Premalatha N and Latchumikanthan A (2020). Cardiac troponin I: A prognostic marker of myocardial damage in dairy cow infected with anaplasmosis and fascioliasis. Ruminant Science 9(2):389-390.


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35-Title: ovine harlequin ichthyosis in a female buffalo calf

35-Title: Bovine harlequin ichthyosis in a female buffalo calf

Authors: K Sindhu, Mahadevappa Gouri and Bharath B Kantharaju

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):391-392.

How to cite this manuscript: Sindhu K, Gouri Mahadevappa and Kantharaju BB (2020). Bovine harlequin ichthyosis in a female buffalo calf. Ruminant Science 9(2):391-392.


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36-Title: Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat

36-Title: Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat

Authors: SN Yadav, G Bordoloi, MP Baishya, N Ahmed, AJ Nath, P Thakuria, R Devi and BK Sarma

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):393-394.

How to cite this manuscript: Yadav SN, Bordoloi G, Baishya MP, Ahmed N, Nath AJ, Thakuria P, Devi R and Sarma BK (2020). Surgical management of non-cerebral coenurosis in a goat. Ruminant Science 9(2):393-394.


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21-Title: Adoption of scientific management practices among buffalo owners in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan

21-Title: Adoption of scientific management practices among buffalo owners in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan

Authors: Narendra Singh, Neeraj Kumar Sharma, Devi Singh Rajput, Pankaj Mishra                             and Kamlesh Kumar Dhawal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):323-328.

How to cite this manuscript: Singh Narendra, Sharma NK, Rajput DS, Mishra Pankaj and Dhawal KK (2020). Adoption of scientific management practices among buffalo owners in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 9(2):323-328.


The present study was conducted in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, to assess the adoption level of buffalo owners about scientific management practices. Data were collected from 120 buffalo owners of Weir and Bayana tehsils of Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. Ex-post facto research design was used in this study. The findings reported that majority (41.66%) of respondents belonged meddle (39-52 year) age group, illiterate, medium (7-11 members) family size, having a semi-medium land-holding size, low social participation, having small (1-3.5 Tropical Livestock Unit) herd size, belonged medium (2-4 lakh) income category. Family members and television were the major source of information. Most of the respondents had a medium level of adoption about all aspect of buffalo scientific management practices i.e. feeding, breeding, milking, health care and management practices. Overall adoption elicited that 40 per cent of respondents had medium followed by low (35.83%) and high (24.16%) level of adoption. Further adoption of scientific buffalo management was positively and significantly associated with land holding, mass media exposure and knowledge level of scientific buffalo management practices (p<0.01). However, age, education, family size, social participation, herd size gross family income and extension contact were associated positively and non-significantly.


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Dhawal Kamlesh Kumar, Rajput Devi Singh, Sharma Neeraj Kumar, Mishra Pankaj and Kumari Maina (2020). Socio-economic profile and knowledge level of camel owners about scientific management practices in arid zone of Rajasthan. Ruminant Science 9(1):107-112.

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Gujar Bharti, Rajput DS, Sharma NK, Goyal TC and Mishra Pankaj (2017). Knowledge and adoption level of livestock owners regarding health care practices towards organic animal husbandry management system. Ruminant Science 6(2):355-356.

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37-Title: Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants

37-Title: Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants

Authors: Sandeep Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Ankit Dangi, RN Chaudhary, Ram Niwas and Dinesh

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(2):395-398.

How to cite this manuscript: Kumar Sandeep, Kumar Ashok, Dangi Ankit, Chaudhary RN, Niwas Ram and Dinesh (2020). Efficacy of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa for open wound in large ruminants. Ruminant Science 9(2):395-398.


The present study was conducted on eleven large ruminants (cattle and buffaloes) regardless of breed, age and sex with a history of large open wounds with no possibility of the suture. Most of the wounds were infected, large in size, and had no tendency to heal with routine clinical treatment. Animals were treated with topical application of 10% Calendula officinalis (mother tincture) with 10% Curcuma longa in glycerine base twice a day at institute hospital. While under field condition, animals were treated with a paste of turmeric powder in fresh calendula petal juice twice a day. Post-treatment follow up was taken up to complete wound healing. Wound healing properties of Calendula officinalis with Curcuma longa found to be effective for massive open wounds in ruminants.


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