30-Title: Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat

30-Title: Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat

Authors: Dinesh Kumar Sunwasiya, Lokesh Gautam, Vishnu Kumar and Pankaj Garhwal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):145-150.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Sunwasiya Dinesh Kumar, Gautam Lokesh, Kumar Vishnu and Garhwal Pankaj (2020). Comparison of non-linear growth curve models in Sirohi goat. Ruminant Science 9(1):145-150.

Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the most suitable model among four non-linear growth curve model viz., Brody, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz, Richards, Weibull and Logistic used for describing the growth curve. The data set used in this study was obtained from All India Co-ordinated Research Project (AICRP) on goat improvement, Livestock Research Station, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur, India and included 340 male and 715 female kid’s body weight records measured at birth to 12th months of age in every three months interval during the year from 2009 to 2017.  Non-linear growth curve models viz., Brody, Gompertz, Logistic, Richards, Weibull and Von-Bertalanffy were used to estimate the growth curve parameters. The lowest MAE, MAPE, AICc and (Chi-square) values were observed in Brody model. The males had higher asymptotic live weight (“A”) than female. The higher values for (“B”) parameter were observed for Weibull in males, whereas the lowest values were calculated from Bertalanffy model. Maturity rate (“K”) was equal in males and females. It can be concluded that non-linear growth models were suitable for estimating live weight as a function of age for male, female and both sexes of Sirohi goat. Brody was found to be best followed by Richards, Weibull, Von-Bertalanffy, Gompertz and Logistic models basis on to the goodness of fit statistics. Evaluation of different growth equations used in this study indicated the potential of the non-linear functions for fitting body weight records of Sirohi goat.

References

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3

3-Title: Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle

Authors: Renu, PK Boyal, S Rani and H Dadhich

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):15-20.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Renu, Boyal PK, Rani S and Dadhich H (2020). Occurrence and pathomorphology of pneumonia in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):15-20.

Abstract

The present study was conducted on 895 cattle of different age groups, sex and breeds to find out the incidence, types and pattern of pneumonia.  Out of these 895 specimens, 180 (20.11 per cent) samples showed gross lesions suggestive of pneumonia and were further used for histopathological evaluation. Different forms of pneumonia were observed as bronchopneumonia (18.33 per cent), fibrinous pneumonia (10.56 per cent), catarrhal pneumonia (3.33 per cent), interstitial pneumonia (58.33 per cent), aspiration pneumonia (4.44 per cent) and haemorrhagic pneumonia (5.00 per cent). Grossly, affected lungs were congested or haemorrhagic, oedematous and reddish black or deep-red to reddish-brown in colour. The cut surface was either moist with oozing of blood tinged fluid or dry and granular. Microscopically, lungs revealed congestion, oedema, organisation, areas of necrosis along with infiltrations of mononuclear or polymorphonuclear cells and fibrosis in and around the bronchioles and thickening of interalveolar or interlobular septa.

References

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1

Ruminant Science (2020) 9(1)

1-Title: Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle

Authors: Nora Mimoune, Mohammed Hocine Benaissa, Ratiba Baazizi, Saidi Radhwane, Azzouz Mohamed Yassine, Belarbi Ayed and Kaidi Rachid

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):1-6.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Mimoune Nora, Benaissa Mohammed Hocine, Baazizi Ratiba, Radhwane Saidi, Yassine Azzouz Mohamed, Ayed Belarbi and Rachid Kaidi (2020). Histological and immune-histochemical evaluation of ovarian cysts in cattle. Ruminant Science 9(1):1-6.

Abstract

The present work aimed to determine the specific cellular localisation via immunohistochemistry of some factors (VEGF, Bcl, vimentin, Bax, Cyclin D1) that may be involved in the formation and/or persistence of ovarian cysts (OC) in cattle. A total of 300 ovaries were collected and evaluated by histological and immunohistochemical studies. OC showed strong positive reactions with vimentin, inhibin á subunit, VEGF and Bcl-2 antibodies in cystic walls. It is concluded that the abnormal changes in the expression of some intraovarian regulators might lead to follicle dysfunction and the cyst formation in cattle.

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Choe C, Cho YW, Kim CW, Son DS, Han J and Kang D (2010). Identification of differentially expressed genes in bovine follicular cystic ovaries. Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 14:265-272.

Choudhary Ratan K, Pathak Devendra, Deka Dipak and Ramneek (2013). Vimentin identifies myoepithelial cells of buffalo mammary tissue. Ruminant Science 2(2):157-161.

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Kankhedia PC, Agrawal Manish, Mathur Manisha and Dadhich Hemant (2017). Histopathological observations on cystic ovarian conditions in sheep (Ovis aries). Ruminant Science 6(1):51-54.

Li W, Sun L, Chen S, Lu C, Liu Z, Hou X, Chen C, Han Y, Wang C, Li C and Zhou X (2015). Association of inhibin-alpha gene polymorphisms with follicular cysts in large white sows. Theriogenology 84(6):839-45.

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Mimoune Nora, Kaidi Rachid, Guedioura Abdelmoumène, Benaissa Mohamed Hocine and Azzouz Mohamed Yassine (2018). Characterization of ovarian follicular and cystic fluids in cows. Veterinaria 67:2.

Mimoune N, Baazizi R, Azzouz MY, Benaissa MH and Kaidi R (2019). Basic and new concepts of ovarian cyst pathogenesis in cattle. Veterinaria 68:2.

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Rathore Anita, Dadhich H, Rani Sunita and Dadhich Rohitash (2016a). Pathological study on persistent corpus luteum in cattle. Ruminant Science 5(1):67-68.

Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant, Rani Sunita and Dadhich Rohitash (2016b). Pathology of adenomyosis in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 5(2):263-264.

Rathore Anita, Dadhich Hemant and Rani Sunita (2018).Occurrence and pathomorphology of follicular cyst in the female genital tract of cattle. Ruminant Science 7(1):149-150.

Salvetti NR, Stangaferro ML, Palomar MM, Alfaro NS, Rey F, Gimeno EJ and Ortega HH (2010). Cell proliferation and survival mechanisms underlying the abnormal persistence of follicular cysts in bovines with cystic ovarian disease induced by ACTH. Animal Reproduction Science 122:98-110.

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8

8-Title: Milk quality as affected by the source and the season in Khartoum state

Authors: MM Abdelaziz, HZ Rania and Mohamed T Ibrahim

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):41-44.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Abdelaziz MM, Rania HZ and Ibrahim Mohamed T (2020). Milk quality as affected by the source and the season in Khartoum state. Ruminant Science 9(1):41-44.

Abstract

Present study was performed to assess the effect of the source and season on some physicochemical and microbiological properties of cow’s raw milk. A total of 120 samples of cow’s milk were collected from different sources (40 samples from each dairy farms, collection centres and groceries) during the summer and autumn season. Samples were subjected to physicochemical analysis by Lactoskan. The fat, protein, lactose, total solids, pH, added water and total bacteria count (TBC) were estimated. A total of 48 swab samples were collected from different farms (24 samples from each milkers hands, and milk utensils) during the summer and autumn season and were subjected to total bacterial count. General linear model was used to estimate the effect of source and season. The protein, lactose and added water were significantly affected by the source of milk collection while the milk fat, protein, lactose, total solids and TBC were significantly affected by season. In addition, a significant interaction between source and season was obtained on milk fat, protein, lactose and total solids.

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9

9-Title: Isolation and identification of bacteria in subclinical mastitis in cattle from Bikaner city

Authors: Savita, AP Singh, TC Nayak, A Chahar, R Yadav and JP Kachhawa

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):45-48.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Savita, Singh AP, Nayak TC, Chahar A, Yadav R and Kachhawa JP (2020). Isolation and identification of bacteria in subclinical mastitis in cattle from Bikaner city. Ruminant Science 9(1):45-48.

Abstract

Present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of commonly occurring subclinical mastitis in 100 cows from LRS, Rathi farm of the institute and individual holding in and around the Bikaner city were screened for subclinical mastitis. Staphylococcus aureus was the most prevalent pathogen followed by Streptococcus agalactiae, E. coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus uberis and Bacillus cereus.

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Diwakar, Akriti, Choudhary Sunita, Meena Dhirendra, Bhati Taruna and Kataria AK (2019). Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of some Staphylococcus aureus isolates from milk from goats with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 8(1):19-22.

Dubal ZB, Rahman H, Pal P, Kumar A and Pradhan K (2010). Characterization and antimicrobial sensitivity of the pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis with special reference to Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus spp. Indian Journal of Animal Science 80(12):1163-1167.

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Jena B, Pagrut NK, Sahoo A and Ahmed A (2015). Subclinical bovine mastitis in rural, peri-urban and suburban regions of Jaipur district of Rajasthan.  Indian Journal of Animal Research 5:175-182.

Kumar Vaibhav, Patel JS, Patel BR, Mevada VK and Raval AP (2012). Therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial drugs in clinical mastitis of cross bred cattle. Ruminant Science 1(2):177-180.

Langer Anil, Ahuja Anil and Bihani DK (2014). Diagnosis of mycotic mastitis in cow. Ruminant Science 3(2):235-236.

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Raguvaran R, Mondal DB, Jithin MV, Kumar Bipin and Sivakumar M (2016). Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in a nondescript goat Ruminant Science 5(2):291-292.

Raorane Abhay, Chothe Shubhadha, Dubal ZB, Barbuddhe SB, Karunakaran M, Doijad Swapnil, Pathak Ajay, Poharkar Krupali and Singh NP (2013). Antimicrobial resistance of the pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in Goa. Ruminant Science 2(2):139-144.

Riffon R, Sayasith K, Khalil H, Dubreuil P, Drolet M and Lagace J (2001). Development of a rapid and sensitive test for identification of major pathogens in bovine mastitis by PCR. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 39(7):2584-2589.

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Singh Pawanjit, Nigam Rajesh, Kumar Amit and Pandey Vijay (2018). Isolation and molecular characterization of pathogens associated with mastitis in Sahiwal cows. Ruminant Science 7(1):43-46.

Sunita, Diwakar and Kataria AK (2017). Antibiotic resistance pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from milk of cattle with clinical mastitis. Ruminant Science 6(2):319-322.

Workineh S, Bayleyegn M, Mekonnen H and Potgieter LND (2002). Prevalence and aetiology of mastitis in cows from two major Ethiopian dairies. Tropical Animal Health and Production 34(1):19-25.

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37

37-Title: Abomasal balantidiosis in a goat-A case report

Authors: N Babu Prasath, J Selvaraj and M Sasikala

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):189-190.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Prasath N Babu, Selvaraj J and Sasikala M (2020). Abomasal balantidiosis in a goat-A case report. Ruminant Science 9(1):189-190.

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Sivajothi S and Reddy SB (2018). Acute fulminating form of Balantidium coli infection in buffaloes. Research Journal of Biology 6(1):17-19.

Vasilakopoulou A, Dimarongona K, Samakovli A, Papadimitris K and Avlami A (2003). Balantidium  coli pneumonia in an immunocompromised patient. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 35:144-146.

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38

38-Title: Rumenotomy in bovines: A review of ten cases

Authors: JK Mahla, PV Parikh, RR Anjana, Ashwath, KP Patel, P Koli and MD Patel

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):191-192.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Mahla JK, Parikh PV, Anjana RR, Ashwath, Patel KP, Koli P and Patel MD (2020). Rumenotomy in bovines: A review of ten cases. Ruminant Science 9(1):191-192.

References

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39-Title: Medico-surgical management of retropharyngeal oedema in a buffalo

Authors: DK Sharma, E Kalaiselvan, Raguvaran R and DB Mondal

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):193-194.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Sharma DK, Kalaiselvan E, Raguvaran R and Mondal DB (2020). Medico-surgical management of retropharyngeal oedema in a buffalo. Ruminant Science 9(1):193-194.

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Mandal Ravi Shankar Kumar, Lekshman Aishwarya, Rana Ankush, Gaykwad Chandrakiran, Kumar Surender, Suthar NA, Vadhana Prasanna, Mondal DB and Dixit SK (2016). Diagnosis and therapeutic management of hemorrhagic septicemia: a case report in 4 buffaloes. Ruminant Science 5(2):287-289.

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40-Title: Surgical management of dystocia due to dicephalic and arthrogryposis monster in a cross bred cow

Authors: Chhavi Gupta, M Murugan and R Ramprabhu

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):195-196.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Gupta Chhavi, Murugan M and Ramprabhu R (2020). Surgical management of dystocia due to dicephalic and arthrogryposis monster in a cross bred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):195-196.

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41

41-Title: Therapeutic management of bony form of actinomycosis (Actinomyces bovis) in a crossbred cow

Authors: SA Arif, M Pathak, U Barman, D Lahkar, NA Kader, MK Nath and D Barman

Source: Ruminant Science (2020)-9(1):197-198.

 

How to cite this manuscript: Arif SA, Pathak M, Barman U, Lahkar D, Kader NA, Nath MK and Barman D (2020). Therapeutic management of bony form of actinomycosis (Actinomyces bovis) in a crossbred cow. Ruminant Science 9(1):197-198.

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